PURPOSE: Hamstring muscle shortening is related to low back pain, and it is important to check the hamstring muscle flexibility and pelvic mobility to analyze the effects of the intervention. This study examined the effects of hamstring muscle shortening on flexibility and pelvic mobility according to the method of stretching the hamstring muscle in patients with low back pain.
METHODS: Forty Low Back Pain Patients participated. The subjects performed the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Fear Avoidance Belief Questionnaire (FABQ), Korean version of Oswestry Disability Index (KODI), Myovision, and sensbalance therapy cushion (pelvic mobility, proprioception). The subjects were divided into two groups to perform the passive and active stretching protocol. The intervention was conducted three times a week for four weeks.
RESULTS: Hamstring muscle flexibility was increased significantly in both groups (p < .05), and there was no difference between the groups. VAS, FABQ was decreased significantly in both groups (p < .01), and there was no difference between the groups. The left lower back muscle impedance was decreased significantly in both groups (p < .05). The passive stretching group showed a significant increase in the pelvic anterior, posterior, and left tilt ROM (p < .05). The active stretching group showed a significant increase in the pelvic anterior, posterior tilt ROM (p < .05).
CONCLUSION: Both stretching methods may be useful intervention methods for pelvic mobility and pain recovery and can assess back pain recovery.