Korean | English

pISSN : 1738-7132

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.79
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2004, Vol.13, No.2

  • 1.

  • 2.

    Regulation System of Electricity Industry in Competitive Electricity Markets: Conceptual Framework, Case Study and Policy Directions

    조창현 | 2004, 13(2) | pp.33~66 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Competitive electricity markets create the new industry structure and business environment, which require a new type of regulation system. For rational division of duties between general competition agency and sector-specific regulator, static comparative advantage, synergy effect and dynamic aspects need to be considered. A critical condition for efficient regulatory institutions is independence. The grounds for the need of independence can be obtained from the theory of regulation and credibility issues. The scope of regulation in electricity industry of UK can be categorized into the entry regulation, the regulation for promoting competition, the regulation for consumer protection, the monopoly sector regulation, the regulation for public interests, and the regulation on power exchange and transmission network management, where OFGEM plays an essential role. For the improvements of the present regulation system of electricity industry, active role of the Korea Electricity Commission is required in consumer protection, public interests, entry regulation, monopoly regulation, and investigation of unfair behavior. The Korea Electricity Commission needs independence and rational division of duties between itself and Korea Fair Trade Commission.
  • 3.

    A Statistical Study of the Cases of Unfairly Taking Advantage of a Position in the Business Area Clause of Korean Fair Trade Act.

    Yungsan Kim | 마정근 | 2004, 13(2) | pp.67~90 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This paper investigates the determinants of the surcharges imposed on the cases of Unfair Taking Advantage of a Position in the Business Area clause of Korean Fair Trade Act. The results show that surcharge is imposed only on corporations that caused damages to specific victims. Higher surcharge is likely when the defendant is a principal customer to the victim or when the damages are nationwide. However, the surcharge rate increases less than proportionately with the size of the defendant firm. Theses results imply that the primary purpose of the clause is ex post arbitration of business disputes rather than ex ante prevention of anti-competitive behavior through strong penalties.
  • 4.

    Reforming Regulations on Business Associations

    Sakong Yung-Ho | 2004, 13(2) | pp.91~124 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Despite of continued efforts to reform regulations on business associations, we can hardly see visible changes like foundations of competitive organizations. In addition, various problems have been continuing to take place due to the regulations restricting the freedom of associations. First of all, these regulations are depriving some groups of their opportunity to input their interest into policy process by limiting the creation of new business association. Member dues are also extraordinary expensive compared with those of other nations like U.S.. The benefits of organization itself are overriding the interest of members who pay for the organization when the interests of the association conflict with that of their members. As the associations are splitted by clear boundaries defined by entry and business boundary regulation, conflicts on policy issues among the associations are so serious that the agreements on policy reforms crucial to the industry, for examples changes of business boundary and entry regulations, are nearly impossible. To solve all of these problems, all regulations that guarantee the monopoly power of business associations over their member should be abolished. In addition, civil affairs delegated to business associations also need to be returned to government or re-distributed to any agencies who will not abuse them for organizational interest.
  • 5.

    Search for New Framework for Safety Regulations: with the Focus on Prevention Regulations of Fire-Fighting in Korea

    김태윤 | 2004, 13(2) | pp.125~154 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study develops a new framework for safety regulations. It analyzes the prevention regulations of fire-fighting service in Korea and looks for the innovations. As a new conceptual framework for the safety regulation, this paper introduces the concept of “self prevention system” as an alternative to the existing government-driven one. The theoretical backbone of the concept was from regulatory reform literature. The self-prevention system of fire prevention regulation could be viewed as a policy and regulatory combination which looks for market friendly policy means based on the reinterpretation of basic liability of national and local fire-fighting services and self-responsibilities on the regulatees' side. The system focuses on remedies for externalities and information provision as the basic function of national and local fire-fighting services. Major policy recommendations driven from the concept of the self-prevention system are; more stress on non-regulatory policy means, more reliance on market mechanism, and relocation of fire-fighting resources on the basis of needs for the remedies on externalities.
  • 6.

    Regulation on Locational Information and the Protection of Private Information

    이영대 | 최경규 | 2004, 13(2) | pp.155~200 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract PDF
    The core factor in the realization of location-based services (LBS) is locational information. When the subject of the locational information is 'human', the person's locational information directly connects with the issues of the protection of personal information and privacy. The distinction between personal information and privacy is needed since personal locational information may cause intrusion of one's privacy, which differs from information such as one's name, registration number, address and telephone number. Therefore, it implies that stronger protection measures are called for in the case of personal locational information compared to other personal information. Since the LBS will be widespread in the near future, it is necessary to establish rules that satisfy both service providers and customers and that enhance the reliability of the service. Locational information protection laws should include information contracts, regulation on locational information and privacy, and the protection of sensitive private information.
  • 7.

    Effective Regulation Alternatives of Spam Mail

    Lee, Woo-Kwon | 2004, 13(2) | pp.201~227 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to suggest policy alternatives for effective regulation of spam mail. A strong need for the institution and legislation policy against unsolicited commercial mail over the internet has been raised from all walks of life because spam mail annoys recipients as well as internet service providers(ISPs). Alternatives for Efective regulation of spam mail are strengthening of control and penalty of spam mail(spammer), reinforcement of nongovernmental self-regulation, introduction of a opt-in mode of spam mail, setting of cooperative international network system, establishment of information culture and ethics.