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2017, Vol.26, No.1

  • 1.

    Citizen Participation in Regulatory Reform : The Application of Keyword Network Analysis to “Regulatory Reform Sinmungo” of South Korea

    하선권 | Kim, Song June | 2017, 26(1) | pp.3~29 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper explores the trend of citizen participation in regulatory reform during 2003-2016 through the keyword network analysis of petitions filed in Regulatory Report Center and Regulatory Reform Sinmungo. The results of descriptive analysis of citizen participation trend show that people file a petition with the ministries in regard to their own interests and are sensitive over the change of permission/licensing systems of particular importance. In addition, people have interests in regulatory reform in accordance with government’s efforts as well. This study analyzes the request of regulatory reform through the keyword network analysis. The empirical findings of network properties show the ranges of citizen participation tend to be wider and the fields of regulatory reform have more various and specific tendency. The sociograms show the main requests of regulatory reform as in real estate, automobile, development restricted zone(green belt) during the analysis period.
  • 2.

    An Analysis of the Causes Leading to the Discretionary Acts of Street-level Regulatory Officials

    Kim, Soon Yang | 2017, 26(1) | pp.31~79 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to explore the reasons why street-level regulatory officials practice discretionary acts in the process of carrying out their tasks. Policy measures to constrain the abuse and misuse of discretionary acts are also suggested. To the end, this article first discussed the theories on the concept and trends of discretionary acts in street-level bureaucracies, and then debated about precedent studies on discretionary acts and the significance of discretion in administrative regulation at street level. Subsequently, this article established the analytical framework to analyze the causes of street-level regulatory officials. The next chapter empirically explored the causes leading to the discretionary acts of regulatory officials on the basis of the interview survey targeting the regulatory officials in selected municipalities from Daegue Metropolitan City and Gyeongsangbuk-Do. Five variables, such as task environment, organizational characteristics, laws and regulations, task characteristics, and human factors, were included as the causes of discretionary acts. As a result of analysis, this article confirmed the great influence of each variable on the discretionary acts of regulatory officials. However. in general, despite of the great likelihood of discretionary acts in the process of carrying out their tasks, regulatory officials tend to refrain from conducting discretionary acts, due largely to constraint-oriented inspection, filing complaints from the regulated, and being reprimanded from superiors. This article pointed out the problems caused by the passivity and evasion of discretionary acts. The concluding chapter comprehensively debated on the findings in the analysis and suggested the measures to contain the discretionary acts of street-level regulatory officials at optimum level.
  • 3.

    A Typology of Perception to Regulatory Tiering through Latent Class Analysis: the Case of SMEs

    Bak, Jina | Hwang, Huiyoung | 2017, 26(1) | pp.81~109 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In order to prevent a cycle of economic downturns, reforming the regulation of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) is more important than ever. To this end, regulatory tiering policy that relieves the regulatory burden of SMEs has received increased scholarly attention. In this study, we aimed to create a typology of the perceptions of SMEs regarding the burden of regulatory costs and the need for regulatory tiering. We further sought directions for regulatory tiering policy by observing various characteristics of enterprises for each type. We employed latent class analysis (LCA) to classify types of perception to regulatory tiering by utilizing data from a survey for developing a manual of regulatory tiering conducted by the Korea Institute of Public Administration in 2012. Empirical results revealed that SMEs’ perceptions of regulatory tiering can be classified into three types: a high-demand group for regulatory tiering, a reference group, and a low-demand group. Ordered logistic regression and cross-tabulation analysis was used to examine various characteristics of SMEs by types. Through this empirical analysis, we explored the demand for regulatory tiering from the perspective of SMEs, and suggested information fundamental to discussions of regulatory tiering policy.
  • 4.

    Test of Validity and Remedies of Win-Win Growth Index Evaluation System Model: Acceptability of Large Enterprises & Reconciliation of Regulatory Reform

    Kwanbo Kim | 김태훈 | 2017, 26(1) | pp.111~150 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to verify the validity of Win-Win Index evaluation system model and recommend its remedies focusing on the acceptability of large enterprises and reconciliation of regulatory reform. Since 2011, the model has been annually being applied to Win-Win Index evaluation by the KCCP. The research model has consisted of four independent variables(evaluation factors) with their observable variables and one dependent variable(level). The findings of multiple-regression analysis are as follows. Firstly, ‘fairness and validity of agreement fulfillment(TCP) process’, ‘appropriateness of win-win cooperation support agreement’s terms’, ‘prevention and system construction against law violation’, ‘appropriateness of contract fairness agreement fulfillment terms of pre-revision(before 2016.2) of win-win model’, ‘appropriateness of sensory survey method of the Korea Commission for Corporate Partnership(KCCP)’, and ‘appropriateness of agreement fulfillment terms on the law violation prevention and law compliance effort’ have positively affected the win-win level(index). Secondly, ‘fairness and validity of contract fulfillment process’, ‘appropriateness of contract fairness agreement fulfillment terms of post-revision (after 2016.2) of win-win model’, and ‘post-monitoring system construction of law violation’ have negatively affected the win-win level(index). Finally, several remedies of current Win-Win Index evaluation system model are recommended to reflect the current realistic Win-Win Growth level along with acceptability of large enterprises & reconciliation of regulatory reform including the introduction of sensory survey method by the mixture of both quantitative and qualitative evaluations.
  • 5.

    Analysis of Anti-competitive perspective on the Law on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural Products

    HYUKWOO LEE | JINGUK KIM | 2017, 26(1) | pp.151~186 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The agricultural law is one of the typical competition restrictive regulation. Such a highly restrictive regulation would distort the operation of the market, which would also benefit some other stakeholders, but also to other market entities, i.e. producers as well as consumers. Furthermore, in the long run, the dynamic nature of competition will dilute the competitiveness of new technologies and innovations, resulting in a deterioration in the size and development of the entire market. As a result, it was found that the Korean agricultural products wholesale market structured by the agricultural law had similar side effects. Regulations have created zones for wholesale market corporations and middle-class buyers, and the quality of agricultural and marine products is deteriorating. The creation of new distribution service models is being suppressed, and wholesale transactions related to illegal or transgressive transactions are also occurring. In addition, administrative costs such as wholesale market management are being triggered. Therefore, by examining the Law on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural Products from the viewpoint of competition policy, it can be concluded that urgent improvement of the structure of the competition restriction is necessary. In other words, considering the wholesale market corporations that prohibit entry into the market itself, the price structure such as the structure of intermediate markets, the price of commissions, and various business activity regulations and the side effects caused by the regulations, it is necessary to establish a system. The provision of more market opportunities for the underprivileged in the disadvantaged markets of the agricultural distribution market, and the improvement in the welfare of consumers who ultimately consume agricultural products.
  • 6.

    A theoretical and empirical Investigation to the Influences of the transition to voluntary army: defense budget and social costs

    Sang-Mok Lee | 2017, 26(1) | pp.187~218 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    While strictly stipulated in official government proceedings on conscription, the voices which call for the transition to a professional und voluntary army are increasing. There are two main arguments for the abolition of conscription in its present form. On the one hand, it is pointed out that the labor-intensive military structure based on compulsory military service can not be described as a suitable form of military defense with regard to capital-intensive modern warfare. On the other hand, the argument refers to the fact the compulsory military service can no longer be held for reasons of the justice of the burden distribution of the military service and the efficient allocation of the restricted human capital. The economic aspects, which in the public discussions so far have played a more uterine role, are rooted in the middle of the analysis. The starting point for consideration is the theoretical analysis of the problem. In the microeconomic model, the influences of the transition to voluntary army are examined: on the defense structure with regard to cost minimization and the defense budget to maintain the national security level. The substitution effect as well as the real-income effect are placed at the center of the analysis. The macroeconomic model deals with the budgetary costs and the opportunity costs of the military service in the form of social costs. With the help of the theoretical models, empirical investigations are carried out and the results of the investigations are subjected to a critical discussion under the following aspects: the size and height of personnel and personnel costs, the volume of the additional defense budgets and the social costs of the compulsory military service.