Journal of Regulation Studies 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 1.61

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pISSN : 1738-7132
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2022, Vol.31, No.1

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    The Relationship Between Regulatory Satisfaction and Regulatory Compliance Perception: An Empirical Analysis Considering the Influence of Perception on the Amount of Government Regulations

    Minho LEE , Sau Saung Ah , Moonsun Kang and 1 other persons | 2022, 31(1) | pp.11~41 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study attempted to empirically analyze the relationship between corporate regulatory satisfaction and regulatory compliance perception on government regulations, considering the influence of perception on the amount of government regulations. To this end, a survey was conducted on 718 businesses nationwide from July to October 2021. As a result of the analysis, the effect of a company's regulatory satisfaction on regulatory compliance perception was limited in the analysis of others' regulatory compliance perception, but not significant in the analysis of their own regulatory compliance perception. In this study, this was interpreted as an implicit influence relationship, which the satisfaction with regulations turn out to be an important variable in the perception of regulatory compliance of others, but it is not explicitly found in the perception of regulatory compliance of themselves. It can be explained that their own regulatory compliance is perceived as having a low exchange relationship with regulators, contrary to other people's regulatory compliance. In particular, considering the cases in which regulatory satisfaction is low, but excessive emphasis is given to one's own regulatory compliance, it is possible to expect a principled but quite passive behavior of regulatory compliance. Of course, it cannot be said that an exchange relationship model that implies the level of regulatory compliance determined by the degree of individual regulatory satisfaction is desirable. Moreover, there is no need to negatively interpret the analysis results of this study. However, the increasing rate of responding to high regulatory compliance levels despite high regulatory burden and low satisfaction raises concerns about the possibility of failing substantial and active regulatory compliance. It can be suggested to seek long-term and fundamental improvement measures to improve the quality of regulatory compliance.
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    A Study on Estimation of Appropriate Deposit to Promote Recycling of Disposable Cups: Focusing on Willing-to-Pay Estimation by Contingent Valuation Method

    Dae Jin Kim , Im, Jae Jin | 2022, 31(1) | pp.43~70 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study deals with the method of estimating the deposit amount used in the Deposit System of Disposable Cups that is about to be implemented. The study used the contingent valuation method, which focused on the willingness-to-pay estimation with double-bounded dichotomous choice questionnaires. By nonlinearly combining the values obtained by multiplying the regression coefficient obtained through a logistic regression and the average of each variable, the study estimated the appropriate deposit amount to be approximately KRW 350. In addition, the results showed differences in the willingness-to-pay amount for each group classified according to various criteria―gender, age, and system recognition level. Based on the results, this study also suggested implications for the behavior of returning disposable cups.
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    Designing a Model for Deriving Priorities in Regulatory Improvement for Each Lifecycle and Area of Small-and-Medium-Sized Enterprises

    Park, Sunjoo , Park jungwon | 2022, 31(1) | pp.71~103 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to design a model to prioritize the regulatory improvement tasks for small-and-medium-sized enterprises (“SMEs”) and derive implications for implementing regulatory reform in the future through the pilot application of the model. Even for the same regulation, SMEs are under a relatively heavier burden than large enterprises. Thus, differentiating regulations and regulatory flexibility systems have been discussed from an equity standpoint between SMEs and large enterprises. Some of such systems have been introduced and implemented in Korea as well. However, SMEs continue to point out the complaints about unreasonable regulations and difficulties in corporate activities arising therefrom. As such, a variety of regulatory improvement tasks are being received via various regulatory reform channels, but it is difficult to determine the priorities among the regulatory improvement tasks for both the targets of the policy and decision-makers, such as the regulated and the decision-makers of regulatory improvements. Accordingly, this study employs the idea of Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) methodology to prioritize regulatory improvement tasks. Our model is designed to classify the tasks into the top-prior, prior, and long-term improvement categories by comparing the sets of importance & expected effect and problem-solving possibility & weighted burden on SMEs, respectively. Additionally, this study selected 80 unsolved regulatory improvement tasks related to SMEs and confirmed the model’s usefulness and validity by applying the priority derivation model on a pilot basis. Frequent and immediate responses to regulatory irrationality must be implemented based on continuous management of regulations. In particular, improving regulations on SMEs should be more advanced both institutionally and practically. Thus, the priority derivation model presented in this study will be highly effective and valuable in improving regulations on SMEs in the future.
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    Network Analysis between Administrative Departments and New Industries: Focusing on Regulatory Sandbox

    Jung, Ji-eun , Joon Mo Ahn | 2022, 31(1) | pp.105~133 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the regulatory network between administrative ministries in Korea. Traditional regulations have limitations in reflecting rapidly changing modern technological innovations. Therefore, major countries are introducing a new regulatory paradigm, "Regulatory Sandbox," into the new industry sector. Korea has also introduced a "Regulatory sandbox". However it is difficult to efficiently operate because one ministry manages the regulations of various industries. So, ministry collaboration is more important than ever. Therefore, it is important to know what ministry manages new industry regulations and which ministries are closely connected to each other. This study examined the regulatory networks in new industries and new technology fields through dual-mode network analysis.
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    The Effects of Korean Domestic Environmental Regulations on Trade Performance: Evidence from Korean Manufacturing Industries

    Jin Won Lee , Lee, Young Hwan | 2022, 31(1) | pp.135~163 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzes the relationship between Korea’s environmental stringency and trade performance. According to the pollution haven hypothesis, environmental stringency levies additional cost on firm and burden to economic activity. While, according to Porter’s theory, well designed environmental policies might actually enhance productivity and lead to export. Using panel data from 2006 to 2014, panal dynamic model and difference-GMM estimation provides the results that environmental stringency has a negative impact on trade performance. This results potentially reflect that the Korean environmental regulations have focused on compulsory the command & control system.