Layoff is often regarded by the affected employee as a serious violation of his or her psychological contracts, which is an unwritten agreement that individuals form based on their beliefs concerning the terms of an exchange agreement with their employer. The violation may trigger a reevaluation of the obligations that make up the contract, resulting in a change in the focus and scope of those obligations. Based on longitudinal data in Korea, I examined the changes in the psychological contract with their future employers after the layoffs from the layoff victims viewpoint. While previous research showed that layoff survivors showed decreased commitment after layoffs (Brockner, 1988), the results indicate that, in building a new psychological contract with future employer, layoff victims increase their expectations of responsibilities from their subsequent employers in exchange for the higher commitment to them.
We investigate the concept of demand heterogeneity in high-tech products through testing for the existence of functionality thresholds, which demarcate the performance level below which a consumer will reject a product-irrespective of price. Above such thresholds, however, the consumer is expected to have no or little marginal utility. If functionality thresholds do exist, then the issue becomes whether new market entrants can capture significant share by offering products at functionality threshold levels with lower prices than existing products - and even perhaps offering additionally new attributes as a differentiation strategy. This study proposes the theory that the more is better precept only applies up to the functionality threshold of a product. A key strategic implication of this is that firms targeting the mass market need to adopt more of a modular product strategy to accommodate the heterogeneous demands in functionality requirements. We explore this issue from both a normative and a simulation study, and we discuss the managerial implications of a mass-customization strategy, especially for late entrants in technology product industries.
Even though there have been previous studies to explore the relationship between county government form and expenditure, little attention has been paid to the selection problem that might arise when counties choose their government structures to meet their needs. This paper intends to fill this gap in the literature by estimating the effect of county government reform on expenditure with the selection problem corrected. In contrast to the results in previous studies, the reform of county government structure is found to have decreased the size of expenditure in the reformed counties.
The research reported in this paper examines the impact of positive and negative affectivity on job satisfaction. Data was collected from two organizations in South Korea, one which manufactures automobiles and the other which provides airline services. The method of collection was through the use of questionnaires and the resultant data was analyzed by LISREL. The main conclusion is that, while traditional structural determinants used by many organizational scholars to explain job satisfaction remain important, affectivity variables are also important and should be utilized to supplement traditional analysis.
This study examined how the need for cognition affects opinion formation, and also how the need for cognition interacts with media-use patterns to affect opinions regarding possible influences on the news. The data was collected from a telephone survey of 368 residents of Onondaga County, New York, from October 2 to October 15, 1998. The study found that people who have both a greater need for cognition and higher levels of newspaper exposure hold stronger opinions than others regarding influences on the news. The results offer empirical and theoretical contributions to the understanding of how media-use patterns and the need for cognition interact to affect opinion formation.
This paper analyzed empirically the sustainable development of Jeju Province, South Korea in terms of environmental impact (EI), ecological footprint (EF), and the relative importance of the factors determining sustainable development. A ten-year time-series statistical data (1993 to 2002) was used for this analysis.Jeju is sustainable in terms of EI, but unsustainable in terms of EF. The different result is drawn from different variables included in the two techniques. The leading positive factors determining sustainable development are those related to the quality of life in terms of amenity, cultural affluence, and convenience of life. Meanwhile, the leading negative factors were population, acid rain, and pollution of the natural environment. These findings may be caused by the fact that the tourism is the dominant industry of Jeju. For achieving sustainable development efficiently in Jeju, it is required to launch an integrated environmental policy, and environmental education and movement are also required to be done for citizens in a way of increase in their pro-environmental behaviour in their everyday life.