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2005, Vol.32, No.2

  • 1.

    Korean Supervisees' Expectation from Supervisor Rles and Supervision Functions

    Bang, Keeyeon | 2005, 32(2) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines Korean supervisees’ expectations fromsupervisor roles and supervision functions in terms of their educational levelsand amount of counseling experience. One hundred and sixteen Koreansupervisees responded to a survey that included descriptions of threesupervisor roles and three supervision functions based on the DiscriminationModel of supervision (Bernard, 1997). The participants’ educational levelswere classified as ‘enrolled in master’s programs’, ‘holders of master’sdegrees’, and ‘enrolled in doctoral programs’ while their counselingexperience ranged from three months to 14 years. The results indicated thatsupervisees’ educational levels and amount of counseling experienceinfluenced their expectations from supervisor roles and supervision functions,which supports one of the common assumptions of developmental models ofsupervision (Chagnon & Russell, 1995). The significance and implications ofthis study are also discussed.
  • 2.

    A Comparative Study of Fairness Judgements with regard to Earnings in Korea and Japan

    Myoung jin Lee | Moonkyung Choi | 2005, 32(2) | pp.19~42 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper explores cross-national variations in individuals’ideas on what constitute just earnings for occupational groups in two Asiancountries, Korea and Japan. A primary assumption of the study is that severalstructural factors in each of the two societies affect the difference between justearnings and actual earnings in the eyes of observers. A major objective of thestudy is to examine indices with which to assess the degrees of fairnessjudgments across different countries. Additionally, it is the authors’ intentionto explore factors which may possibly help to explain the variations identifiedby these indexes. To answer these questions, the paper relies on Japanese datasets, 1999 ISSP and the Korean set, 2003 Korean GSS. We ask three types ofquestions related to the subjects’ evaluations of their earnings: (i) whetherthey thought they were underpaid, fairly paid, or overpaid; (ii) what they wereactually paid (actual earnings); and (iii) what they should be paid (justearnings). Compared to the Japanese, the Koreans feel that they are under-rewarded. Moreover, the variations in just earnings for occupational groups arewider among the Koreans. The lower returns to schooling and experience inKorea suggest that these rates work as the mechanisms through which Koreansexhibit a stronger sense of injustice as measured by the justice indexes.
  • 3.

    Developmental State vs. Globalization: South Korea's Developmental State in the aftermath of the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997-98

    EunMeeKim | Ji young Kim | 2005, 32(2) | pp.43~70 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines whether the developmental state is ableto withstand the pressures of globalization. East Asia’s developmental statesgained wide recognition for their effective interventionist policies and seemedlike one of few organizations capable of standing up against globalization.However, the Asian financial crisis (1997-98) put this to a severe test as thedevelopmental state was under great pressure from international organizationsto restructure. We examine how South Korea’s developmental state respondedto the forces of globalization in the aftermath of the Asianfinancial crisisfocusing on a series of public sector reorganizations during the Kim Dae Jungadministration (1998-2003). In particular, the paper pays close attention tothe government offices that were at the heart of the developmental state andconcludes that it is hasty to announce the demise of the South Koreandevelopmental state.
  • 4.

    Korean Psychotherapist's Self-report on Strengths and Limitations in Practice :An Exploratory Qualitative Study

    Joo Eunsun | Sue H. Bae | David E. Orlinsky | 2005, 32(2) | pp.71~90 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the professional strengths and limitationsof psychotherapists in South Korea as reported by themselves. Open-endedresponses from 371 Korean psychotherapists from the Collaborative ResearchNetwork: International Study of Development of Psychotherapists (CRN:ISDP) (Bae, Joo, & Orlinsky, 2003; Joo, Bae, & Orlinsky, 2003; Orlinsky et.al., 1999) were analyzed using the consensual qualitative research (CQR)methodology developed by Hill, Thompson, and Williams (1997). Responsesto two questions, 1) What do you feel is your greatest strength as a therapist;2) What do you feel is your most problematic limitation as a therapist? wereexamined. From the answers to each of these questions, themes and core ideaswere obtained. Several suggestions for the development of psychotherapistsare offered.
  • 5.

    The Influence of Efficient Consumer Response on Retailers Competition

    Kyung do Park | 2005, 32(2) | pp.91~106 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    We examined the implications of a new grocery industry strategy, ECR, on retail competition and channel management in the context of a simple game theoretic model. Our main finding can be summarized in two results. First, we find that when two retailers are competing with each other, the introduction of ECR by both retailers is a Nash equilibrium. Thus, ECR, which is currently at an introductory stage, will be a prevalent strategy in the grocery industry. Second, we find that by introducing ECR, not only retailers but also manufacturers will get the benefit from ECR. This result justifies cooperation between manufacturers and retailers in the introduction of ECR.
  • 6.

    The U.S as a War Maniac State vs. North Korea as a Rogue State: An Analysis of Mutual National Image-making Based on the Examination of NYT and Rodong Shinmoon, 1994-2004

    Tae youl Paek | 2005, 32(2) | pp.107~139 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Since the conclusion of the nuclear accord in 1994, the United States and North Korea have made a continuous contact through a number of channels. Despite these diplomatic exchanges, it seems that both nations fail to maintain friendly and amicable relations. This raises a significant question of how they see each other. This paper aims at exploring the U.S. image of North Korea and vice-versa through media coverage. To this end, the author adopts the content analysis of news coverage as a way of analyzing effectively the mutual national image between the two nations. More specifically, this work chooses the New York Times and Rodong Shinmoon to investigate North Korea’s image of the U.S. and vice-versa during the period from October 1994 to October 2004. One of the major findings from our discussion is summed up this way. The American newspaper portrays North Korea as a nation of closeness, unreliable country, describing its society as suffering severe hunger and economic misery. In the meanwhile, the North Korean newspaperattacks the U.S. as a war mongering state, evil empire, and aggressor. Also, this paper does not hesitate to appraise American society as having the racial discrimination, economic disaster, and widespreadviolence. In short, the Rodong Shinmoon deals more with negative news coverage than positive one in the period under review, while the New York Times focuses primarily on straight news coverage. North Korea’s nuclear program has greatly affected the mutual national image and will do unless this issue remains unresolved.