The objective of this paper was to compare sustainable development
and change among Jeju, Tasmania, and Hawaii, using a set
of 33 identical ten-year time series sustainable development indicators
(SDIs) from 1996 to 2005. The 33 SDIs were grouped into ten categories
as composite variables. The comparison was done in terms of the structure
and change in sustainable development as an integrated reality.
The structure of sustainable development was compared in terms of
the explanatory power of the 33 SDIs on sustainable development as a
whole reality and their relative importance as the determinants of sustainable
development. The relative importance was compared in terms of
both individual SDIs and their categories.
The change in sustainable development was compared by category
in terms of the process of sustainable development having been determined
throughout the ten years, using their change in the position of sustainability on the basis of their relative deviation index.
The explanatory power of the SDIs and their relative importance
were different among the three islands. However, overall, the factors related
to economic development and/or those resulted from them, a priori
and/or expost facto policies, and the conservation of nature contribute to
sustainable development. Interestingly, the impeding factors were different
among the three islands. The sustainability level of the ten categories
has changed significantly throughout the ten years in all of the
To determine the structure and change in sustainable development,
assumption would have to take into account a long list of more
parameters. The results cited in this paper are based on a limited number
of parameters in terms of SDI and time-series as well. However, the
methods for analyzing the structure and change in sustainable development
has been partially developed in this paper. Further development of
this model will prove useful for policy formation and management for
During the last two decades, corporations have been combining
resources through strategic alliances in record numbers. A firm’s
previous alliances may help the firm to create new products based on
existing skills and resources. This research analyzes the effects of strategic
alliances on the degree of product diversification by using a sample
from the S&P 500. This study found that a firm’s strategic alliances
have a positive impact on product diversification. In addition, this study
found that both exploration and equity-based alliances have a positive
impact on a firm’s product diversification levels. This work also found
that specific learning effects from exploration and equity-based alliances
are strong when firms require technology and knowledge transfers.
This research investigates the roles of four major trust
sources, including their mutual influences, in explaining life satisfaction
of Korean elders by analyzing a survey data. It uses voluntary organization
membership, network, community trust, and institutional trust
as major trust sources influencing life satisfaction based on a theoretical
reformulation of previous empirical conclusions.
According to analysis results, voluntary organization membership
and community trust positively affect life satisfaction among the four
trust sources in addition to generalized trust, through direct and indirect
paths. Network and institutional trust turned out relatively ineffective
or statistically not significant in so doing.
Analysis on the mechanism of mutual influence among the trust
sources also suggests the institutional factor is less effective in enhancing
life satisfaction. Network influences life satisfaction only indirectly,
through voluntary organizational membership or community trust in
most analyzed subcategories of the surveyed elders. Overall, community
trust shows strong effects on life satisfaction. Based on the results, suggestion
of further research and policy implications are mentioned.
The objective of this study was to compare the relationship
of two forms of patriotism to important sociopolitical values in a Korean
and an American University. Constructive patriotism represents a commitment
to the ideals of one’s country and a willingness to question current
societal actions in a society that appear inconsistent with those
ideals. On the other hand, blind patriotism reflects allegiance to the current
policies of one’s government, irrespective of their lack of consistency
with the ideals of that country. The two measures of patriotism were
correlated with emphasis on civil liberties, national security, and
militarism. The latter values have been heavily emphasized in American
society since the occurrence of 9/11.
In the current study, college students in an American University (n =
222) and a Korean University (n = 215) were administered a 50-item survey
measuring five sociopolitical dimensions: constructive patriotism, blind
patriotism, respect for civil liberties, emphasis on national security, and
militarism. The two samples obtained similar means for emphasis on national
security and constructive patriotism, but the American sample scored
significantly lower (p < .001) on respect for civil liberties and higher (p
< .001) on blind patriotism and militarism than the Korean sample.
Although the correlations between patriotism measures and the remaining
sociopolitical constructs were directionally consistent across the two samples,
the correlations were substantially stronger in the American sample.
Few gender differences were evident in the findings for either sample.
Psychotherapy is a demanding profession, striving to provide
high-quality services to others while maintaining personal wellness.
Many psychotherapists experience difficulty in balancing their professional
and personal life. Though researchers slowly recognize the importance
of the therapist variable in psychotherapy research, little is
known about influence of therapists’ personal life on therapeutic
practices. As part of the “International Study of Development of
Psychotherapists” (Orlinsky & Ronnestead, 2005), this study explores the
influences of personal life on the therapeutic practice of Korean
psychotherapists. 166 Korean psychotherapists who work in various settings
are examined. In this study, personal life is explored in three different
areas: personal therapy, life satisfaction and everyday life
practices. The main research questions are: 1) Do therapists who are in
personal therapy differ from therapists who are not in personal therapy
in their therapeutic practice? 2) Do therapists who report to be highly
satisfied in life differ from therapists who are low in life satisfaction in
their therapeutic practice? 3) What are the variables related to everyday
life that influence therapists’ role confidence as therapists? Based on the
results, implications for the education and training of the psychotherapists
News contents about foreign countries can be misleading
because they are often shaped by government policies related to national
interests. But individual journalists’ attitudes and news organizations’
ideologies also affect news contents about foreign countries. In the case
of foreign correspondents dealing with international news, how do these
three factors — government policy, corporate ideology and individual attitude
— affect their news coverage? To answer this question, the paper
analyzed the news frames of foreign correspondents based in Seoul as
pertaining to their news stories about North Korea’s nuclear issue. Eight
newspapers from five nations with high stakes in the issue — the U.S.,
the U.K., Russia, Japan and China — were selected for the analysis.
In-depth interviews with the Seoul correspondents of these newspapers
were also conducted. The results show that government policy is a main
factor deciding their news frames. But the role of individual attitudes
increases in relation to the capabilities of the individual correspondent.
That is, those correspondents with longer experiences and better knowledge
of local culture or language were found to have more control in
their news frames.