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2009, Vol.36, No.1

  • 1.

    An International Comparative Research on the Structure and Change in Sustainable Development among Islands

    Dai-Yeun Jeong | 2009, 36(1) | pp.1~33 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this paper was to compare sustainable development and change among Jeju, Tasmania, and Hawaii, using a set of 33 identical ten-year time series sustainable development indicators (SDIs) from 1996 to 2005. The 33 SDIs were grouped into ten categories as composite variables. The comparison was done in terms of the structure and change in sustainable development as an integrated reality. The structure of sustainable development was compared in terms of the explanatory power of the 33 SDIs on sustainable development as a whole reality and their relative importance as the determinants of sustainable development. The relative importance was compared in terms of both individual SDIs and their categories. The change in sustainable development was compared by category in terms of the process of sustainable development having been determined throughout the ten years, using their change in the position of sustainability on the basis of their relative deviation index. The explanatory power of the SDIs and their relative importance were different among the three islands. However, overall, the factors related to economic development and/or those resulted from them, a priori and/or expost facto policies, and the conservation of nature contribute to sustainable development. Interestingly, the impeding factors were different among the three islands. The sustainability level of the ten categories has changed significantly throughout the ten years in all of the three islands. To determine the structure and change in sustainable development, assumption would have to take into account a long list of more parameters. The results cited in this paper are based on a limited number of parameters in terms of SDI and time-series as well. However, the methods for analyzing the structure and change in sustainable development has been partially developed in this paper. Further development of this model will prove useful for policy formation and management for sustainable development.
  • 2.

    Influence of Strategic Alliances on Product Diversification: Evidence from the U.S. Corporations

    YONG-SIK HWANG | 2009, 36(1) | pp.35~59 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    During the last two decades, corporations have been combining resources through strategic alliances in record numbers. A firm’s previous alliances may help the firm to create new products based on existing skills and resources. This research analyzes the effects of strategic alliances on the degree of product diversification by using a sample from the S&P 500. This study found that a firm’s strategic alliances have a positive impact on product diversification. In addition, this study found that both exploration and equity-based alliances have a positive impact on a firm’s product diversification levels. This work also found that specific learning effects from exploration and equity-based alliances are strong when firms require technology and knowledge transfers.
  • 3.

    Four Sources of Trust and Life Satisfaction for Korean Elders

    Gihong Yi | 2009, 36(1) | pp.61~92 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This research investigates the roles of four major trust sources, including their mutual influences, in explaining life satisfaction of Korean elders by analyzing a survey data. It uses voluntary organization membership, network, community trust, and institutional trust as major trust sources influencing life satisfaction based on a theoretical reformulation of previous empirical conclusions. According to analysis results, voluntary organization membership and community trust positively affect life satisfaction among the four trust sources in addition to generalized trust, through direct and indirect paths. Network and institutional trust turned out relatively ineffective or statistically not significant in so doing. Analysis on the mechanism of mutual influence among the trust sources also suggests the institutional factor is less effective in enhancing life satisfaction. Network influences life satisfaction only indirectly, through voluntary organizational membership or community trust in most analyzed subcategories of the surveyed elders. Overall, community trust shows strong effects on life satisfaction. Based on the results, suggestion of further research and policy implications are mentioned.
  • 4.

    Constructive and Blind Patriotism: Relationship to Emphasis on Civil Liberties, National Security, and Militarism in a Korean and an American University

    Eun Jung Oh | Robert L. Williams | Stacy L. Bliss and 1other persons | 2009, 36(1) | pp.93~121 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study was to compare the relationship of two forms of patriotism to important sociopolitical values in a Korean and an American University. Constructive patriotism represents a commitment to the ideals of one’s country and a willingness to question current societal actions in a society that appear inconsistent with those ideals. On the other hand, blind patriotism reflects allegiance to the current policies of one’s government, irrespective of their lack of consistency with the ideals of that country. The two measures of patriotism were correlated with emphasis on civil liberties, national security, and militarism. The latter values have been heavily emphasized in American society since the occurrence of 9/11. In the current study, college students in an American University (n = 222) and a Korean University (n = 215) were administered a 50-item survey measuring five sociopolitical dimensions: constructive patriotism, blind patriotism, respect for civil liberties, emphasis on national security, and militarism. The two samples obtained similar means for emphasis on national security and constructive patriotism, but the American sample scored significantly lower (p < .001) on respect for civil liberties and higher (p < .001) on blind patriotism and militarism than the Korean sample. Although the correlations between patriotism measures and the remaining sociopolitical constructs were directionally consistent across the two samples, the correlations were substantially stronger in the American sample. Few gender differences were evident in the findings for either sample.
  • 5.

    The Influence of Psychotherapists’ Personal Life on General Therapeutic Practice: In the Case of Korean Therapists

    Joo Eunsun | Sunyoung Park | 2009, 36(1) | pp.123~146 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Psychotherapy is a demanding profession, striving to provide high-quality services to others while maintaining personal wellness. Many psychotherapists experience difficulty in balancing their professional and personal life. Though researchers slowly recognize the importance of the therapist variable in psychotherapy research, little is known about influence of therapists’ personal life on therapeutic practices. As part of the “International Study of Development of Psychotherapists” (Orlinsky & Ronnestead, 2005), this study explores the influences of personal life on the therapeutic practice of Korean psychotherapists. 166 Korean psychotherapists who work in various settings are examined. In this study, personal life is explored in three different areas: personal therapy, life satisfaction and everyday life practices. The main research questions are: 1) Do therapists who are in personal therapy differ from therapists who are not in personal therapy in their therapeutic practice? 2) Do therapists who report to be highly satisfied in life differ from therapists who are low in life satisfaction in their therapeutic practice? 3) What are the variables related to everyday life that influence therapists’ role confidence as therapists? Based on the results, implications for the education and training of the psychotherapists are discussed.
  • 6.

    Foreign Correspondents and Their News Frames: A Study of News Contents on North Korea

    Lee Byung Jong | 2009, 36(1) | pp.147~175 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    News contents about foreign countries can be misleading because they are often shaped by government policies related to national interests. But individual journalists’ attitudes and news organizations’ ideologies also affect news contents about foreign countries. In the case of foreign correspondents dealing with international news, how do these three factors — government policy, corporate ideology and individual attitude — affect their news coverage? To answer this question, the paper analyzed the news frames of foreign correspondents based in Seoul as pertaining to their news stories about North Korea’s nuclear issue. Eight newspapers from five nations with high stakes in the issue — the U.S., the U.K., Russia, Japan and China — were selected for the analysis. In-depth interviews with the Seoul correspondents of these newspapers were also conducted. The results show that government policy is a main factor deciding their news frames. But the role of individual attitudes increases in relation to the capabilities of the individual correspondent. That is, those correspondents with longer experiences and better knowledge of local culture or language were found to have more control in their news frames.