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2011, Vol., No.32

  • 1.

    A study on the effective method of Chinese character teaching by Korean Students' Errors

    한재균 | 2011, (32) | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    As one of the eldest characters in the world, Chinese character plays an important role in the development of Chinese society and Chinese language itself. On the other hand, as a unique kind of character, it also belongs to the important field on which we should concentrate while teaching Chinese language as a foreign language. Chinese character is an ideographical writing system, to express the meaning through ideography has its reasons, and there are morphological connections between characters. The analysis of the strokes, components and combinations of the characters, summing up the systematic features and arrangement, and to illustrate at the proper teaching stage would be helpful to accomplish the teaching task. This article will focus on teaching techniques of Chinese character as a foreign language.
  • 2.

    A Review of the Structure of "Bisyllable Verb+Zai"

    Kim Jong-Chan | 2011, (32) | pp.31~48 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    “단음절 동사+在” 구조는 이미 하나의 어법 단위로 비교적 인정되고 있는 추세다. 그러나 “쌍음절 동사+在”에 대해서는 아직 하나의 어법 단위로 인정하지 않는 학자들이 많다. 그러나 개사의 前附性은 “在”에만 적용되는 것이 아닌 전반적인 현상이고 또한 “쌍음절 동사+在”도 예외가 아니다. 吳爲善은 ≪漢語韻律句法探索≫에서 동사 뒤의 개사가 동사와 하나의 단위가 됨을 주장한다. 예를 들어 “戰鬪/在敵人心髒裏→戰鬪在/敵人心髒裏”에서 介詞 “在”가 이제는 “戰鬪”와 하나의 어법 단위로 되어 술어가 된다고 본다. 문제는 술어 “戰鬪在”를 어떻게 보느냐이다. 邢福義는 이를 動補구조로 파악하고 있다. 즉 개사 “在”가 前附性에 의해 “戰鬪”와 하나의 어법 단위가 되면서 개사성을 잃고 동사성을 회복하여 준동사로서 보어가 된다는 것이다. 그러나 필자는 이런 주장에 동의하지 않는다. 개사 “在”와 “於”는 그 용법에 있어서 차이가 있다. 그러나 그 뒤에 장소를 나타내는 사어가 올 경우에 한해서 그 용법이 유사하다고 볼 수 있다. 예를 들어: 1) a. 李思東生长在美國的東部(≪中國話(二)≫ 上 p40)b. 寧靜生长於貧窮的桂西山區(≪囚女≫ p269)2) a. 注意力集中在他身上, ……(≪復仇的小花≫ p132)b. 他們的音位學理論集中於語言成分的區別性特徵, ……(≪論民族語言調查研究≫ p92)3) a. flower的概念包含在tulip的概念中。 (≪現代英語語言學概論≫ p97)b. 這是指表示一般概念的詞包含於表示個別概念的詞中, ……(≪現代英語語言學概論≫ p97) 이상의 예에서 “生長在”와 “生長於”, “集中在”와 “集中於”, “包含在”와 “包含於” 등은 서로 치환이 가능하다. 만약 “○○+在”를 동보구조로 분석한다면 “○○+於”는 어떻게 처리할 것인가? 이것이 바로 동보구조설의 문제점이다. 필자는 “○○在”에서 개사 “在”가 개사성을 그대로 유지하고 있으므로 동보구조가 아닌 동개구조로 술어 역할을 한다고 분석하는 게 타당하다고 본다.
  • 3.

    A Study on Definition Information of Chinese-Korean Dictionary

    Wonyoung Doh | 2011, (32) | pp.49~74 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract PDF
    高丽大学民研≪中韩辞典≫初版于1989年,再版于2002年,是韩国中韩辞典中最有影响力的一部词典。但是近十年间语言的变化和信息处理的发展也在影响着辞典编纂界,≪中韩辞典≫急需改版的呼声越来越高。本文重点考察了中韩辞典的释义,跳开了仅仅罗列和批判辞典中存在的错误这样的简单方式,从释义的结构体系出发,分析了纸质辞典编纂时代无法充分考虑到的实际问题,并对今后改版的方向提出了一个宏观方案。本文首先考察了中韩辞典的辞典学特征,说明了释义部分在辞典结构中所占的地位。其次提出释义的信息化条件,即等价性、 明示性、 分段性、 系统性,并以≪中韩辞典≫和≪中朝大词典≫等重要辞书为例分析辞典的释义问题,如缺乏一贯性、 释义过难和释义错误等等。最后针对以上问题提出释义的原则和编纂指南的构成方案。今后研究和编纂的核心将是在保持≪中韩辞典≫优点的同时,及时预测辞典使用环境的变化,由此决定改版的方向,并且积极利用以信息处理为基础的电算词典学技术。
  • 4.

    A Study on the Ethnic Language Policy and the Phase of the Ethnic Language in China

    Choi, Kyeong-Bong | 태평무 | 2011, (32) | pp.75~113 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This study set out to investigate three major areas: first, how the Chinese government developed its language policies for minority races since its inception; secondly, what kind of impacts those language policies for minority races had on the status of ethnic languages; and finally, how the attitudes toward ethnic languages changed and what were their causes according to the current state of minority languages in China. For those purposes, the study examined the history of language policies for minority races and reviewed how those policies became sophisticated in what relation to researches on minority languages. In the process, the investigator figured out what was the transitional point in the history of language policies for minority races with regard to the development of modern Chinese history. In addition, the investigator traced changes to trends in researches on minority languages and examined the research trends in relation to changes to the language policies. With regard to the second and third research goal, the investigator objectively analyzed the current state of minority languages and discussed it in terms of the status and codification and further usage and education of written and spoken ethnic languages. As for the status and codification of written and spoken ethnic languages, first, written and spoken ethnic languages were categorized and their status was checked based on the internal and external conditions related to them; secondly, the logic of changes to the Letter Reform policies was explained by examining the usage patterns of letters and the codification of letters; and finally, the current state of codification of ethnic languages was examined to discuss the selection of the standard language in each ethnic language, publication of dictionaries for ethnic languages, and activities of policy agencies of written and spoken languages.
  • 5.

    The Study on Wang Anshi's Criticism and Reception of Laozi's Thought

    Oh, Heon-Pil | 2011, (32) | pp.115~134 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    王安石對於無爲之治的政治觀點, 顯然是不贊同的。但他對於≪老子≫一書頗爲欣賞, 對於老子的哲學觀, 卻持謹愼的分析態度, 幷未一槪予以否定。他撰有≪老子注≫一書, 此書今已亡佚, 只有一些片段內容散見於後人的≪老子≫集注之中。王安石汲取了老子道本原的宇宙觀, 形成了道有體有用的宇宙觀。在天人關係上, 王安石對老子人道無爲的觀點進行了分析和批判, 他認爲天道與人道的本末之辨, 人道旣不能混同於天道, 則天道之自然無爲必不能作爲現實政治無爲的依據或借口, 而現實政治之有爲, 乃在於對禮樂刑政進行調整。王安石把世界分成無爲有爲兩大塊, 爲儒學禮樂刑政的治國之道找到了依據, 從而批評了老子的觀點。但是, 他對於老子幷非全盤否定, 而是認眞吸收了老子的政治智慧來豊富、發展傳統儒學。他論述君主的統治方式時, 追求無爲與有爲的中間狀態, 實際上是要將老子的順應自然與儒學的禮樂刑政結合起來, 是一種儒、道兼綜的政治哲學。
  • 6.

    The Research of Comment on <the Red Leaf Transmits Sound Anthology

    요대용 | 2011, (32) | pp.135~152 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    청대 화가 주당(周棠)은 그림뿐만 아니라 시문에도 능통하였다. 일찍이 조선 학자 윤정기(尹廷琦)의 ≪홍엽전성집≫에 대해 심도 있고 상세한 평점을 달고 비평첨삭을 하였다. 한국의 문사들은 윤정기의 ≪홍엽전성집≫에 대한 평점과 비평첨삭에 대해 다시 평론을 덧붙였다. 여기에는 긍정과 부정의 입장이 공존하였다. 윤정기는 시를 모아 시집을 낼 때 갖가지 평론들을 모두 보존하였다. 윤정기의 시작품에 대한 여러 문인들의 평점은 요점이 복잡하지 않고 매우 명확하고도 정확하여 당시의 창작 경향과 비평 사조를 반영하고 있다. 이는 문학비평사에 있어 중요한 자료이자 중․한 양국 문인들 간의 문학 교류의 역사적 증거라고 할 수 있다.
  • 7.

    The relationship between Si-Ku-Quan-Shu-Zong-Mu-Ti-Yao and Chinese literature research in the 20th Century

    온경신 | 2011, (32) | pp.153~171 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    According to the Recognition of traditional culture based on psychology and “Jing Shi Zhi Yong”(经世致用)purposes, Huang Ren “Chinese literature history” was absorbed in the Criticism and the Critical Methods of the Si-Ku-Ti-Yao. This absorption is mainly reflected in the spiritual level and value level of similarity among the concepts. And because of the varied situations in late Qing dynasty, Huang Ren rendered a selective development of Si-Ku-Ti-Yao. Therefore, due to the Si-Ku-Ti-Yao significant role in the early history of Chinese literature, it could be one important way with an in-depth a grasp of the literary history of the early 20th century compilation.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Sun Guangxian's Ci(詞)

    Kim Bo-kyung | 2011, (32) | pp.173~198 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    孫光憲是花間派的一位重要詞人。 ≪花間集≫收其詞61首;≪尊前集≫另收23首, 共有84首傳世。 此數量在花間詞人中居第一位;在整個五代詞人中列馮延巳後居第二位。 而詞學界對其作品的重視及硏究, 與温庭筠、 韋莊相比, 却遠遠不够。 近代以來, 有些學者爲了孫詞在詞史上地位的提高, 做出了努力, 其中有些人認爲孫詞堪與温、 韋鼎足而立。 但是, 這種看法尚未獲得詞學界的公認。 以往的硏究大都對孫詞在花間詞題材方面的開拓以及其獨特的藝術风格的體現, 給予了充分的重視。 因此, 本文筆者也從這兩個方面着手, 重新考察孫詞的藝術成就, 并對孫詞的界限也進行討論, 以期分析孫詞的歷史地位總不如温、 韋的原因所在。
  • 9.

    The birth of subject and moving in Manbaoshan

    최정옥 | 2011, (32) | pp.199~221 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    ≪萬寶山≫是以1931年7月發生的萬寶山事件為題材寫成一篇小說。 所謂萬寶山事件是繞着朝鮮農民的水田化作業, 兩個民族之間發生的一個衝突和武力鬪爭。 可是兩個民族的背後存在日本帝國主義的奸計。 看破了日帝的野心, 两個民族合心一體地對抗了日帝的侵略。 在中國現代文學史上看來, ≪萬寶山≫是以東北為背景的一個獨特的作品。本论文以下两個角度来检讨。 第一, 认为把‘东北’这個地域概念的诞生作为幾個势力之间的竞争。 这幾個势力就是人间移动有关。 第二, 想要联繫地域和當地活着的人们之间的紧密关係。 特别本论文重视在东北地区上活着的人们的自己劃定。 他们如何决定自己的身份, 就是我是谁。 检查以上举的两個部分以後具體地要进行分析≪萬寶山≫小说跟‘萬寶山事件’有什麽样的关係, 有没有差異。
  • 10.

    A Study on Reality Awareness of Novel & Drama of Revolutionary Group Journal ≪JUEMIN≫ in Modern China

    Deuk-Chang Cho | 2011, (32) | pp.223~245 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    1903年11月南社創始人之一高旭與高增、 高燮發刊了雜誌≪覺民≫。 ≪覺民≫反對淸王朝腐敗統治、 反對列强侵略、 主張社會改革、 主張排滿革命、 鼓吹民主。 本論文以≪覺民≫的小說、 戱曲爲硏究對象, 探討了反映在≪覺民≫的小說、 戱曲裏面對當時現實的認識。本論文的硏究方向主要從四個方面進行。 一是對時局動蕩的危機意識與啓蒙。 當時中國雖被列强瓜分, 可淸朝統治者與官僚不管國家安危, 只知個人貪圖安逸。 對此, 作者譴責了他們的腐敗與無能, 要通過啓蒙與自己犧牲, 挽救國家與民族。 二是排滿革命的主張。 作者們認爲淸朝只有媚外, 便不能反帝, 因此, 主張排滿革命、 打倒淸朝。 三是對淸末官僚的譴責。 淸末時期譴責官僚的文學作品出現得很多。 這是因爲當時官僚的腐敗太嚴重、 太頻繁, 所以許多人都關心它。 當時有人謀官之道, 要通過不正的方法, 當官。 這種人假使當了官, 籠絡革命人士, 甚至緝拿革命人士, 妨碍排滿革命活動。 作者們揭露了這種官僚只求富貴功名, 不顧國家安危。 四是對西方的認識。 當時“向西方學習”風潮也影響到革命派。 作者們借鑑華盛頓、 克林威爾、 瑪志尼等人士的民族民主革命事跡, 謀求國家的富强, 又在進化論的影響下, 根據優勝劣敗與適者生存, 主張了排滿革命。 ≪覺民≫的小說、 戱曲雖有時代的意義, 從藝術性來說, 難免粗陋。 但我們從對≪覺民≫的小說、 戱曲的考察, 可知當時革命派把小說與戱曲作爲一種思想啓蒙的工具, 進一步作爲政治鬪爭的工具。
  • 11.

    Reading meanings of Feng Xiao gang's Night Banquet

    김명석 | 2011, (32) | pp.247~266 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    ≪夜宴≫(2006)是馮小剛改编莎士比亚≪哈姆雷特≫而监制的历史情节片。该片在馮小剛的商业主义影片中特别具有艺术性应该嘉许的。本书稿以與原著≪哈姆雷特≫的互文性为前提, 探讨≪夜宴≫作为中國历史情节片被观众“混杂化”而解釋理解, “挪用”的局面。为此, 我试图解释由五代十國的前现代压迫的隔阂可以看出的後现代越轨的含义。皇后的越轨让女性自己摆脱前现代的压迫, 暂时进入後现代的想像世界。其局面指出前现代的压迫與後现代的想像的拮抗關係。≪夜宴≫以婉兒(皇后), 無鸞與皇帝的三角關係为中心, 提起生與死,爱情與權力的欲求。以皇后與無鸞的令人痛苦的爱情为中心, 皇帝與靑女被牵连进去的構图成为雙重三角關係。观看≪夜宴≫的观众的想像力不能摆脱由“父亲缺席”的时代逃出的集體裡的大衆心理。馮小剛的賀歲片始终没有洗雪掉老套子, 两分法, 偶然性與文本的感情过剩问题等, 但≪夜宴≫实现克服它的成果。将莎士比亚戏曲中國化(改编)而再解释的是主要监制浪漫喜剧片的馮小剛的果敢的實驗。那麽, ≪夜宴≫可以说是馮小剛树立商業主义影片的新公式的核心文本(core text)。
  • 12.

    Chinese Political Elite's Thoughts on Democracy : The Influence and Limits of Confucian Political Culture

    Bongsu Shin | 2011, (32) | pp.267~292 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The existing studies of Chinese regime transformation in politics focus to the casual relationship between economic development and western liberal democracy, that is, whether the latter is affected by the former or not. These studies depended on the western epistemological tradition were so articulated scientific laws that value was forced into belonging to the domain of religion and epistemology into belonging to the domain of science. The reason of absenting such epistemological tradition in China, contrary to the western, is related with Confucianism. Because it has moral and normative nature, so that it is contrary to western epistemological tradition which has separated value and fact. This paper explores influences and limits of Confucian political culture which has affected the Chinese political elites' thinking on democracy. In sum, it concludes that China's political elites have understood democracy based on not institutional but moral fact.
  • 13.

    The Concept of de(virtue) in the Analects

    김형중 | 2011, (32) | pp.293~324 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    'De(德)' and its particulars take a central position in Confucian moral theories because Confucianism stresses the completion of moral character by cultivating the mind of individuals. In addition, 'de' is generally understood as 'morality' or 'mature moral character'. However, 'de' in the Analects should not be limited to only these meanings. The concept of 'de' in the text includes different connotations as often seen in the conceptual transitions of a term. Therefore, an attempt to catch the meaning of 'de' within moral metaphysics may cause us to lose its various connotations and what is worse, to bring ambiguity to its definition. Accordingly this essay intends to disclose the different meanings of 'de' in the Analects by examining its origin and the changes in its meanings found in texts preceding the Analects. First of all, I shall analyze how the concept of 'de' underwent changes in works prior to the Analects from both value-neutral and value-oriented perspectives. Next, I shall analyze the concept of 'de' in the Analects and compare them with those of the prior texts in order to reveal what meanings of de are preserved or transformed. Lastly, I shall what meanings Confucius attributed to the term 'de.' This research will show the process by which 'de' referred first to both value-neutral and value-oriented behaviors and later to moral connotations through encompassing different senses.