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2015, Vol., No.49

  • 1.

    A Study on the Logic System and the Meanings of Chinese Fengshui Classic ≪Hwangjet'aekkyŏng(黃帝宅經)≫-Focus on Blue Dragon and Red Dragon of yīnyángèrzháitú(陰陽二宅圖)

    Zho, In-Choul | 2015, (49) | pp.1~24 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    ≪Hwangjet'aekkyŏng(黃帝宅經)≫ is the oldest book about Chinese architectural-fēngshui(建築-風水). If ≪jīngwūjīng(靑烏經)≫ and ≪jǐnnángjīng(錦囊經)≫ is the must read books for the tomb-geomancers, ≪Hwangjet'aekkyŏng(黃帝宅經)≫ is for the architectural geomancers. The basic theory of ≪Hwangjet'aekkyŏng(黃帝宅經)≫ is to divide yīnyáng(陰陽) for 24 orientations consisted of tiāngān(天干), dìzhī(地支) and bāguà(八卦). The first step to understand ≪Hwangjet'aekkyŏng(黃帝宅經)≫ is to investigate the division logic of yīnyáng(陰陽). So, this thesis is about yīnyáng(陰陽) division system in ≪Hwangjet'aekkyŏng(黃帝宅經)≫
  • 2.

    Reconsidering research on the meaning and characteristics of adverb jiu in Mandarin Chinese.

    허설영 | 2015, (49) | pp.25~50 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, following conclusions can be gotten as the result of reconsidering the meaning and function of adverb ‘jiu(就)’ through existing researches and BBC Corpus research. First, ‘jiu’ can be divided into time adverb, evaluation form adverb (speaker judges time, quantity, amount of time etc subjectively), conjunctive adverb, scope adverb, and modality adverb. Second, adverb ‘jiu’ becomes subjectivization from verb ‘jiu’, and metaphor mechanism is applied in the course. Also, through metaphor characteristics appeared in the grammaticalization process, adverb ‘jiu’ could be deduced as being derived like time adverb ‘jiu’, evaluation form adverb ‘jiu’, adjunctive adverb ‘jiu’, scope adverb ‘jiu’, and modality adverb ‘jiu’ in order. And, subjectivity strength of ‘jiu’ displays time adverb ‘jiu’ < evaluation form adverb& adjunctive adverb ‘jiu’ < scope adverb& modality adverb ‘jiu’ sequentially. In addition, grammaticalization process of ‘jiu’ shows uni direction instead of being spritted into two categories like quick connection and exclusiveness. Third, principle meaning contained in time adverb, that is quick connection, is insufficient to explain various aspects meant by remaining adverbs ‘jiu’. Exceeding psychological standard of the speaker which is subjective meaning derived from time adverb ‘jiu’ belongs to basic meanings of several form adverbs ‘jiu’. While degrees of grammaticalization regarding such subjective meaning of ‘jiu’ have been deepened, it has been developed to evaluation foam adverb, conjunctive adverb, scope adverb, and modality adverb respectively.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Teaching of Chinese Characters and Vocabulary with Chinese Characters Culturology : take some Chinese characters is related with women as an example

    Eun Young Jang | 2015, (49) | pp.51~77 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Chinese has a long history, through the contained cultural connotation of the chinese characters we can understand the ancient Chinese people's consciousness and idea etc. This paper described the feasibility and the teaching method of Chinese characters and Chinese vocabulary by using Chinese characters Culturology. By using of Chinese characters Culturology teaching Chinese characters, can not only help students understand the Chinese characters principle and the relationship between form and meaning, it is also helpful to understand the Chinese culture and the meaning of words. In order to indicate the specific teaching method, this paper selected some Chinese characters is related with women. these Chinese characters may be classified according to their meaning, Among these Chinese characters 8(53%) are relative to identity, 4(27%) are relative to marriage and birth, 3(20%) are pejorative. Through the interpretation of the source of Chinese characters and cultural contents of them, we can understand the relationship between form and meaning of Chinese characters, also can understand the social environment and ideas of the ancient people, and at the same time, by suggesting the Chinese words can be learned the Chinese characters and words are closely related in the meaning. This teaching method will certainly help improve students' interest in learning and teaching efficiency.
  • 4.

    A New Study On Wang Wei's "Borrowing Fine Elements From Others' Poems"

    于友蘭 | 2015, (49) | pp.79~102 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Quite a number of scholars, among whom Chao Tien-ch’eng of Ch’ing Dynasty did the most work, pointed out Wang Wei’s borrowing elements from the poetry of previous dynasties. However, until this day not many T’ang literature researchers have studied how Wang Wei infused something more elaborate and speculative into the echoes from earlier poetry by juxtaposing his works together with them. In this paper, I attempt to enumerate the major echoes Wang Wei drew in and compare them with Wang Wei’s poems, to take a look into the evolvement trajectory of some echoes originating from as early as late Han to High T’ang and the process during which he merged the echoes with his own works and gained his poetic artifice. I have thus proved Wang Wei borrowed most elements from Hsieh T'iao and Yü Hsin, while Early T’ang poetry also exerted strong influence on him. As conservative as he was, what Wang Wei exhibited in his works is amazing ingenuity. It is reasonable to presume that for a mild bureaucrat who rarely gave poignant comments and never took the plunge to leave the political society and live a reclusive life as T’ao Ch’ien, it was fewer burdens to be creative in art works than to behaviorally challenge existent temporal rules, however much stress he might felt from them.
  • 5.

    The Diplomatic Cultural Meaning of Ming Envoys’s Signboards on Dongmyo(東廟)

    HONG, Youn-ki | 2015, (49) | pp.103~128 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Dongmyo(東廟) is a Temple that people enshrine the GuanYu(關羽) who is a hero of the Chinese ancient history and the novel. The Dongmyo temple is in Seoul of Korea, and it is a Korea's Treasure No. 142. There are 22 pieces of Horizontal tablets(懸板), and 28 pieces of Pillar-boards(柱聯). 22 pieces of horizontal tablets are divided into four types. The First, those that has been put up by envoys of the Ming(明) dynasty. The second, those that has been written by Kings of the Choseon(朝鮮) dynasty. The third, those that has been built by envoys and merchants of the Qing(淸) dynasty. The fourth, those that has been written by King of the Korean Empire(大韓帝國) and a nameless person. The object of this study is to research the 5 pieces of horizontal tablets to be made by envoys of the Ming dynasty concretely had been written by whom, when had been written, and what the diplomatic, cultural meaning had been contained. The contents of these horizontal tablets fundamentally had spoken for political, military, diplomatic, and cultural advantage of the government of Ming.
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  • 7.

    The Descent of Wang Wenxuan: A Comparative Study on Bajin's Cold Night,Gogol's Overcoat and Kafka's Metamorphosis

    Gaojian Hu | 2015, (49) | pp.161~183 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper conducts a comparison analysis on Wan Wenxuan's figure in Bajin's fiction Cold Night,the main character of Gogol's Overcoat and Kafka's Metamorphosis. It explores the descent of foreign literature integrated in the Cold Night, and makes a further discussion on the Wang Wenxuan's tragic character and the critical theme of this work from the traditional and modern significance. In this paper,I will attempt to examine the character of Wang Wenxuan in the Cold Night again by comprehensive analysis,and make a comparative study on the main character of the Cold Night,the Overcoat and the Metamorphosis:Wang Wenxuan,Agaki and Gregoire who are the "small potatoes",using the alienation theory,and eventually generalize a descent of alienation character from these three works.
  • 8.

    Ambivalent Perspectives and Characteristics of Diasporas represented in Chinese Literature by Chinese Diaspora

    Hyelim KOH | 2015, (49) | pp.185~213 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This is a study on what the Chinese Literature by Chinese Diaspora(CLCD) really stands for, unlike it is sometimes misunderstood as a radical ideology to overset and to deconstruct mainland Chinese literary environment. Should there are inside in the CLCD's literary works definitely are not unique or special cases just found in their article but they are regarded as universal and rather general examples to proceed to the global general instances, thus, the concept of CLCD and the characteristic of them is to attract more and more researchers attention. In this piece of work, some of representative novels written by Shih-kuo Chang and Li-hua Wu complied frequent description over intellectuals who are drifting both in their own homeland and in other countries about how deep the self-identity agony is and how complicated their status are. Also, in Hsien-yung Pai's novels I can recognize some of the portrait of intellectuals' anguish. At the same time, when they encounter some of non-intellectual people in the novel, the reactions and their way of realizations obviously stimulate reader's curiosity. At the last part of Hua-ling Nieh's novel, there is partially depicted how intellectual Chinese Diasporas live their lives. It is clearly discovered that the problems over how they accept their changed or yet-to-changed identities and to deal with them, these are the very closely related issues. Based on previous research outcome, I propose to go one step forward by analyzing aspects of intellectuals and gaze of non-intellectuals with characteristics of ambivalence and hibridity.
  • 9.

    Educational activities of missionaries in Late Ch'ing China

    lee kyung ja | 2015, (49) | pp.215~240 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Late Ch'ing China after the Opium War is a time there was a movement of externally aggression of Western powers and internally of China's reform against feudal society. Such a movement was exercised by Western forces, so Late Ch'ing China could be called also a time of Western powers advancing toward East Asia(西勢東漸). Western forces, especially represented by Western Studies(西學) introduced by missionaries shook up the Chinese traditional education and it leaded to intellectuals of Chinese seeking an alternative of these new movement. Missionaries not only evolved evangelism, but also provided China an opportunity to convert to modern education from traditional education by propagating the Christian doctrine by . In this paper education of Late Ch'ing China is examined. In this paper Late Ch'ing China is defined as times from the Opium War (1840) to foundation of the Republic of China in 1911. To this end, firstly the establishment of school and secondly educational activities through the translation and publication by missionaries was investigated. In the case of the former, it was examined focused on higher education institutions, medical school, a girls' school. At that time missionaries spreaded modern education in China by establishing a school, and propagated the Western studies(西學) through the translation and publication. In particular, establishing higher education institutions, medical schools, a girls' school could promote a new leadership training of China, the introduction of Western medicine, and the development of women's education. The latter case is studied focused on translation agencies such as Guǎngxuéhuì(廣學會), Jiāngnánzhìzàojú(江南制造局) and Jīngshītóngwén guǎn(京師同文館). In late Ch'ing China through these translation agency many literatures of the West was translated and the textbook was compiled. Such a widespread and translation of western knowledge gave a change in the traditional values of China. In particular, the publication of science and technology books lead to reflection on the past traditional Chinese education‘s weak point overlooking science. It also played a major role in Chinese strive for science education and give birth to many scientists of China. Whether successful educational activities of missionaries came from by missionary purposes or not, it is not possible to exclude that comes from the situation and circumstances of China at that time.
  • 10.

    The Effects of National Identity and Multicultural Acceptability: Focusing on High School Students in South Korea and China

    Lu Tansheng | 2015, (49) | pp.241~266 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The goal of this research is to explore the relationship between Ethnic Identity, Civic Identity, and Multicultural Acceptability of the high school students in South Korea and China. For this purpose, a survey questionnaire was given to 476 students from four high schools located in Jiang-Su Province of China(240 people) and seven high schools located in Daegu-Gyeongbuk Region of Korea(236 people). The collected data was analyzed through SPSS 22.0 which applied factor analysis, frequency analysis, t-test, and multiple regression analysis. The results indicate the following findings. Firstly, civic identity of Chinese and Korean students was higher compared to ethnic identity. In the Korean students case, their ethnic identity tended to be higher. And Chinese students tend to consider civic identity as a important related thing more strongly than Korean students. Secondly, ethnic identity of the Chinese and Korean students was negatively correlated with multicultural acceptability, and civic identity of the Korean students had a positive influence on multicultural acceptability, but civic identity of the Chinese students was didn't have correlation with it. The findings of the study suggest many prospective research topics to be investigated in the future.
  • 11.

    An Analysis of the Reasons for the Outbreak of Sichuan Railway-Right Protecting Movement and its Going out of Control

    曾光光 | 杨兆贵 | EUNSANG CHO | 2015, (49) | pp.267~281 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    An Analysis of the Reasons for the Outbreak of Sichuan Railway-Right Protecting Movement and its Going out of Control The outbreak of Sichuan Railway-Right Protecting Movement and its going out of control was closely related to the mutual estrangement between the imperial court and local bureaucracy in dealing with the local incident. Such estrangement could be seen not only in the central government’s ignorance of the local interests during their decision-making, but also in their hawkish attitude and over-dependence on the central bureaucrats in their dealing with the local and collective event. The imperial power didn’t agree with the local officials on spot of the incident who took a compromising policy to pacify the movement. The central commissioners appointed by the imperial court, although they were far away from the event and lacking the necessary information about the reality and the change of the movement, had directly influenced the central government’s estimation and decision of the whole event. What’s more, there were other missteps and oversights of the central government in appointing the commissioners, arranging the military defense, and choosing the contingents measures etc. All of these made their contributions in turning a local and collective event into a revolution that had led to the final overthrow of Qing Dynasty.
  • 12.

    The Political Legacy of Heaven(天) in the Mencius : Theorizing the Rule through Virtue

    Kim Giyeon | Park, Hong Kyu | 2015, (49) | pp.283~314 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The political philosophy collection of dialogues, debates and sayings, the Mencius, emphasized the rule through Virtue according to which a King shall rule in benevolence(仁) and righteousness(義), not for profits(利). Mencius, while describing the ancient Chinese emperors in his book, refers to the notion of Heaven(天). It is interesting that Mencius, self-identified as a follower of Confucius deliberately uses the notion of Heaven, notion that Confucius himself was reluctant to use. This paper claims that in order to convince the rule through Virtue in a different way from Confucius, Mencius adopted the notion of Heaven which actively intervenes in the affairs of men. Rather than adopting a normative approach(e.g. 'a King must do so' or 'doing so is right'), Mencius attempted to generalize and bestow social regularity. Mencius thus struggled to theorize the rule through Virtue and the notion of Heaven played a salient role in this process. While the previous studies focus on the continuity from Confucius to Mencius since they both argued for the rule through Virtue, namely also the benevolent rule(仁政) or the rule of the righteousness(王道), it is however necessary to pay attention to the discontinuity between the two philosophers in their different way of claiming the rule through Virtue, which leads us to read the Mencius afresh. The legacy of Heaven in the Mencius can be thus understood as placed intentionally in order to theorize the rule through Virtue.
  • 13.

    The Case Study of Post-80's Generation from Northeast China

    邢瑶(Xing Yao) | JaeYoun Won | 2015, (49) | pp.315~344 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the characteristics of the “post-80’s generation” in Northeast region in China. The “post-80” generation means the new cohort of the Chinese who were born between 1980 and 1989. The “post-80’s generation” is generally considered as a spoiled generation without maturity, humility and responsibility. They are also regarded as individualistic risk takers. Since China’s reform and opening up, the “post-80’s generation” have been benefited from the expansion of higher education enrollment, as the product of “the one child” policy. This study attempts to analyze the characteristics of the “post-80’s generation. In comparison with the coastal south region, the northeastern region owes a more distinguishing feature of the planned economy and the strong legacy from socialism. Shenyang and Yingkou were chosen as the study areas, and with qualitative data, this study tries to offer a new understanding of this generation.
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    n/a

    定明捷 | 陳剛華 | 2015, (49) | pp.345~368 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    On December 28, 2013,the Lao Jiao system was finally terminated through legal procedures. People wonder why it could run more than 50 years, though it violated the rule of law, human rights and other values obviously. From the view of Punctuated-Equilibrium theory, the policy image and policy institutional venues interacted, which made the policy equilibrium or policy punctuation. The research shows trajectory on the termination of Lao Jiao policy is consistent with the theory of punctuated-equilibrium,taking on the form of equilibrium-punctuation-equilibrium-punctuation. At the same time,the termination of Lao Jiao policy can also be attributed the interaction between the policy attributes、policy environment and constraints. In these factors, the political ideology play an important role in the policy termination.
  • 15.

    Translation and annotation of <Zhougong zhi Qinwu(周公之琴舞)> in Tsinghua Bamboo Slips

    Lee Yeon-Ju | 張崇禮 | 2015, (49) | pp.369~399 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Zhougong zhi Qinwu(<周公之琴舞>) is one of the ten old documents contained in the 3rd release of Tsinghua Bamboo Slips(清华简) - a collection of Chinese texts dating to the Warring States period that were acquired in 2008 by Tsinghua University. It contains 19 newly discovered poems (across 10 chapters) of the pre-Qin period by Zhougong(周公) and King Cheng(成王), among which one is almost identifical to an ode in the Zhou Hymns(<周頌>) section of the Book of Odes(《詩經》). And it shows a complete form of a movement of music and has notes like “啓(opening)” and “亂(ending)”. This papers introduces the content and meaning of Zhougong zhi Qinwu(<周公之琴舞>) and makes an exergesis of it. Zhougong zhi Qinwu(<周公之琴舞>) is a very important document in studying the tradition of music and dance of the pre-Qin period. In addition, its discovery lets us to recognize anew the use of Hymns in the Book of Odes and its relation with music and dance, while directing our attention again to Sima Qian's claim that the Book of Odes was compiled by Confucius.
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    The bibliographical introduction and translation of Ji-kang's 《Sages and Men of Virtue Biography》

    Choi Sae-yoon | 2015, (49) | pp.401~440 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Ji kang, who had great achievements in the field of literature, philosophy, aesthetics, is an valuable writer and artist in Wei-Jin dynasty. He wrote a lot of great literary works, and his remarkable work, 《Sages and Men of Virtue Biography》 is the most important achievement which is concerned about ‘Personalia’ at that time. Ji kang’s 《Sages and Men of Virtue Biography》 is the first biography which is named ‘sage’ in Three-Countries biography. In order to protect and reveal his idea , Ji kang collects fable and hypothesis about sages and men of virtue, it gives us general ideas of the development of hermit culture and concept of hermit, so the work can be pitched clearly in the history of hermit culture. It has stronger influences to later biography. These people are the hermits who live eagerly, are revealed Ji kang’s hope. Also these people were selected on the basis of particular criteria, Ji kang really wants to live like these people, to expresses his own self-consciousness.
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