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2017, Vol., No.57

  • 1.

    Educational Thought of Tao Xing Zhi Viewpoint on ‘I, here and now’

    Kim Dug-Sam | lee kyung ja | 2017, (57) | pp.1~24 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I tried to explore educational the thought of the Chinese educator Tao xingzhi(陶行知) by combining the viewpoint of the paradigm changes of Chinese education and the framework of ‘I, Here and Now’. The common point of educational incidents that changed the paradigm of education in the history is faithfulness to the inner demand voice from ‘I, Here and Now’. First of all, I studied the educational value of Tao xingzhi's thought from his individual life in the viewpoint of ‘I, Here and Now’. In the life of Tao xingzhi, his educational thought was extended from pre-school education to vocational high school education, from rural to urban, from farmers to factory workers, from children to adults, from popular enlightenment education to anti-war growth and democratic education. Tao xingzhi practised his educational thought focusing on demands from the viewpoint of ‘I, here and now’ rather than being fixed on the stable one point. In particular, it is because Tao xingzhi was faithful to the viewpoint of ‘I, here and now’ that he abandoned his wealth and honor, entering the rural areas, practicing and teaching directly while emphasizing the practice. Next, the educational value of Tao xingzhi’s philosophy was examined in connection with the framework of ‘I, here and now’. Tao xingzhi’s Life education he insisted is faithfulness to ‘I, here and now’ and extending ‘I, here and now’ to ‘You, There and Later’ to revive the true meaning of education. This leads to emphasis of the cohesion of teaching and learning(敎学合一). ‘Here and Now’ where we live and breathe are close to the concept of the life in Tao xingzhi stressed. Tao xingzhi insisted education needs to be focused on ‘I, here and now’, that is to say, the life itself. As stated above, the life and educational thought of Tao xingzhi shows the reasoning based on ‘I, here and now’ in all aspects. He tried to make the most appropriate choice based on the framework of ‘I, here and now’.
  • 2.

    Translation and Annotation of <Guan Zhong> in Tsinghua Bamboo Slips

    Lee Yeon-Ju | Chong- Li Zhang | 2017, (57) | pp.25~56 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Guan Zhong(管仲) is one of the five old documents contained in the 6th release of Tsinghua Bamboo Slips(清华简) - a collection of Chinese texts dating to the Warring States period acquired in 2008 by Tsinghua University. It contains the dialogue between the Duke Huan of Qi(齊桓公) and Guan Zhong(管 仲) as to how to govern a country, which consists of 12 dialogues in which the Duke Huan of Qi(齊桓公) asks and Guan Zhong(管仲) answers. It is a newly found manuscript produced in the mid to late Warring States period which is not shown in the current Master Guan(管子). In Guan Zhong(<管仲>), the Yin Yang(陰陽) and the five elements(五行) notion is clearly shown and some contents of this bamboo manuscript shows a direct linkage to and clear correspondence with those in the Great Plan (洪範, Hong Fan) of the Book of Documents, therefore attracting the attention of the academic society.
  • 3.

    The Co-occurrence of VRC and Progressive Aspect - Based on Aspectual Contour and Aspectual Construals

    Oh Youjeong | 2017, (57) | pp.57~80 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Verb-Resultative compound(VRC),which has an end-point and has no progress phase, is generally considered to be an achievement type according to Vendler(1967)’s 4-situation aspectual types, and only can co-occur with perfective viewpoint aspect, not with imperfective viewpoint aspect. However, there are various examples that VRC co-occurs with imperfective aspect, especially with ZhengZai(正在), Zai(在). Croft(2012) considers that situation aspectual type of a predicate is not fixed, but possesses the potential to be conceptualized as several aspectual types, in other words, an aspectual type is just one of the aspectual construals. The two/three-dimensional phasal analysis, which consists of Time(T) dimension and Qualitative states(Q) dimension(and causal chain), shows the foundation of aspectual construals of different situation aspectual types. An aspectual construal is confirmed through the composition at verb-level, verb phrase-level, clause-level. Therefore, achievement which is considered as the aspectual type of VRC, is only just an aspectual construal at the verb-level, and it can be changed to other types at further levels. These operations at different levels cause a sentence which has VRC as a verb to co-occur with different viewpoint aspect, including progressive aspect ZhengZai, Zai.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Temporal Continuous of Modern Chinese Adjective Predicate Sentence

    GUO YI BIN | 2017, (57) | pp.81~119 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper first have “from the past to the present time continuous” into the realis world to inspect the cognitive domain. 1) The representation of continuous in adjective predicate is the event that precedes the reference time continues until the point of speaking by speaker standing the current point, and still have the effect of speaking the situation of the event, it is compound phenomenon of temporality and aspectuality. 2) Compared with the verb predicate sentence, adjectives that the expression of the speaker's subjective evaluation and judgment, as well as the mood of the function of the listener is very obvious. 3) The most typical member is the representation of Present Perfect which have strong continuous framing by adjectives and Sentence-Final le. Second, in the nonrealis world cognitive domain, we observed the “from present to the future time to continue”. We believe What kind of markers are selected when adjective as predicate should not depend on its own internal adjective situation type, but by the speaker's epistemic modality to be reached by taking into account the significance of the interaction effect of communication with the listener.
  • 5.

    Nominalization of Predicate Coordinate Structures in Modern Chinese

    Gijeong Jeon | 2017, (57) | pp.121~145 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the nature of predicate coordination and its nominalization in modern Chinese, which have been a field of limited research. In English and Korean, when a verb appears at the position of a subject or an object, it goes through a process of explicit nominalization by changing its form or adding a suffix, but in Chinese, it can come to the position of a subject or an object without a morphological change. This pattern also appears in the predicate coordination connected by multiple verbs or adjectives. In modern Chinese, the most common conjunctions used in predicate coordination structures are “而”, “並” and “和”, but their usages vary considerably. While the predicate coordinate structure using “和” could be freely positioned, the predicate coordinate structure that uses “並” or “而” can come to the predicative or adnominal position only but cannot come to the subject or object position. This paper finds that the verbal coordinate structure connected by “並” has verbal characteristics only, but the verbal coordinate structure connected by “和” has both noun and verbal characteristics, which makes the noun or verbal characteristics stronger or weaker depending on its position. In other words, the predicate coordinate structure connected by “和” has strong noun characteristics when it comes to the position of a subject or an object, and has strong verbal characteristics when it is in the position of the predicate. However, even if it comes to the position of a predicate, it does not lose its noun characteristics completely. Its verbal characteristics could manifest with the support of other supplementary elements, such as adverb, object, and complement.
  • 6.

    The Study on the Southern Dynasty Siyan Poetry

    Zhang Quan | Choi woo suk | 2017, (57) | pp.147~169 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Siyan poetry had been recognized as a standardized form of poetry from ≪Shijing≫ era of China until the Wei Jin Dynasty era. However, from the late Han Dynasty era, Wuyan poetry started to flourish, which led the sudden decline of Siyan poetry. This phenomenon had gone further in the Southern Dynasties era. This paper studied how Siyan poetry had been deteriorated throughout this Southern Dynasties. In the Song Dynasty era, comparatively various topics of Siyan poetry were explored. Meanwhile, the quantity of these poems decreased profoundly. The Qi Dynasty era observed a little increase of Siyan poetry; however, topics were limited to a certain range. These formatted poems dwindled almost vertically in the Liang Dynastry era and came to a dead-end in the Chen Dynastry era. As a result, Siyan poetry lost its position completely in the world of Chinese poetry.
  • 7.

    A Study of Literary Adaptations of Empress Wu’s Sexual Relationships with Male Attendants: East Asian Comparative Perspective

    Jeongsoo Shin | 2017, (57) | pp.171~195 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In pre-modern East Asia, power was equated exclusively with masculinity. On account of this reasoning, it was considered an anomaly when a woman emerged as a ruler. The best known female ruler is Empress Wu (675-705; r. 690-705). Between the Song and Qing dynasties, male literati despised the Empress, highlighting her supposed promiscuous life in their writing. Through readings of selected adaptations of her life focusing on sexual bias, this study examines how the some literati demonized her. In these works, I have analyzed their desire for revenge, their fear of the empress, and the phallogocentrism of their works. I have also broadened my perspective to explore the cases of Queen Seondeok (r. 632-647) and Empress Suiko (554-628; r. 592-628) in order to find similarities and dissimilarities in the literary treatments of female rulers in East Asia. Queen Seondeok was portrayed positively to some extent, while Empress Suiko was rarely mentioned in terms of gender or sexuality. The different mis/representations of the three female rulers in their own countries are considered to come from the three women’s different class and cultural backgrounds.
  • 8.

    Study on Li Yu’s Dress Ideology

    Park sung hun | 2017, (57) | pp.197~219 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Li Yu, who lived between Late-Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty, was a famous drama theorist, writer, thinkers, aesthetician in Ming and Qing Dynasties. “Xian Qing Ou Ji(≪闲情偶寄≫)” was one of the most important works in his life. Li Yu’s “Xian Qing Ou Ji” has been paid attention since being published. The discussion of its opera theory in certain chapters in which Ciand Qu Department(<词曲部>), Exercise and Performance Department (<演习部>), and Voice and Appearance Department (<声容部>) is fine and original, insightful and they have a far-reaching impact. Li Yu’s thought of dress aesthetics is mainly concentrated in Voice and Appearance Department (<声容 部>). From the dress ideology in “XianQing Ou Ji”, with times and environment which this book is published and author’s special life experience. The full text is divided into three parts: foreword, text, and conclusion. The foreword mainly introduces the significance of the subjects for this article, the research angle. Beginning with the problems he put on dress is of rich and deep the classical dress aesthetics. In his thoughts, human plays a leading role in dressing. Dress will never be independent system beyond body. It is beautiful only when it is matched with skin color, figure, and social status. In Li Yu’s opinion dress ideologies are natural and harmonious. According to his views, beauty lies in naturalness. The more nature the women appear to be when they’re wearing the clothes, the more beautiful they are. What’s more, this beaut still can properly conceal the fault of the women dressed, which make more contribution to the creation of the women’s natural beauty. Also he proposed a principle on ladies elegant and fit made an aesthetic analysis of black color. Li Yu especially admired the color of cyan, which he thought was proper for the rich or the poor, the old or the young, the dark or the fair skin. From the whole view his dress aesthetics are moderate and harmonious and natural. The conclusion excavates Li Yu’s unique contribution to the dress aesthetics theory. And summarizes the characteristics of dress ideology theory in “XianQing Ou Ji” and explores its influence on the dress theory of later generation and points out its limitation.
  • 9.

    Litterateur Hong Kil-ju’s Notions about the Six Classics — Focusing on the References Relating to Its Literary Style

    Kim, sookyoung | 2017, (57) | pp.221~255 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper is to discuss Hong Kil-ju’s understandings on the Six Classics’ literary style. That is to say, we take the Six Classics’s style as our discussion’s key intermediation, and investigate how Hong Kil-ju reflects his perspective of a literary style in his literary writing and creating theory. We ultimately want to observe the way a writer creates his own literary style through exploiting the Six Classics. That is why this paper try to Hong Kil-ju’s literary style by way of examining his understanding on the Six Classics literary style. We believe that it can not only remind us the various roles of Confucian classics in the creation of the application, but also help us find a certain phenomenon that the Confucian Classics plays diverse parts at the creation development in different periods or different areas. This study finds out that, there are at least three categories in the Hong Kil-ju’s understanding on the Six Classics: a traditional Confucian category, a category covering the Analects of Confucius, the Mencius, even the Primary Learning and a category called as “new” Six Classics relating to the present time. Hong Kil-ju’s use of the word the Six Classics is usually not a traditional notion, but referred to the considerably generalized Confucian classics. This can also be a proof that we should examine the theory of Hong Kil-ju’s literary theory not from the view of restricted Confucian school, but from the view of literature. This paper also examines that the fact that Hong Kil-ju emphasizes the Six Classics’ contemporary characteristics and its languages’ naturalistic characteristics, not only becomes a significant part of Hong Kil-ju’s understanding on the Six Classics, but also consists a core ground for his creation. In addition, this paper introduces various articles that Hong Kil-ju discusses the Six Classics from the literary point of view and his several work pieces parodying the Six Classics. Based on this study result, we hope further deepen the understanding of the Six Classics’ various roles in the stylistics and creation fields.
  • 10.

    A Proposal for Educational Content of Literary Chinese Course: Focusing on the Departmental Courses Offered by Chinese Language and Literature Department

    YOONSOONIL | 2017, (57) | pp.257~284 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, we have investigated the students’ satisfaction in educational content of literary chinese course as a major course of chinese lnaguage and literature department. We analysed three types of teaching material and conducted a survey among 74 students. The conclusions are as follows:(1) The introductory course of literary chinese should be centered on language education. (1)The introductory course of literary chinese should be centered on language education. (2)Educational content should include in as much detail as possible about the interpretation of texts. (3)Educational content should include information about the linguistic theories of literary chinese and cultural knowledge of ancient china. (4)Teaching material should only provide essential content, with which students can easily understand and learn about literary chinese.
  • 11.

    From Dilemma to Harmony — Research on New Governance Model of Mobile Vendors in Wuhan, Hubei

    陈刚华 | 唐林 | 黄诗凡 | 2017, (57) | pp.285~309 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the context of modern urban governance, urban governance model has become an important engine to promote urban development. But the problem of mobile vendor governance as a treatment for urban governance directly affects the city's image and development. This would impose higher and stricter requirements on urban governance in the transitional period. This article focuses on the behavioral dilemma of urban management personnel and mobile vendor. It describes the change of urban governance model from the government supervisor to the pluralistic co-governance, and summed up the multiple characteristics of urban governance in the process of the flow. Finally, on the basis of order theory, the author puts forward the new model of urban governance, which demands all citizen's autonomy under the coordination of government.
  • 12.

    The Signifier and the Signified of Revolution – Research on ‘Li Yizhe Big Character Poster’ and Its Logic of Transition

    Pi, Kyunghoon | 2017, (57) | pp.311~340 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The results of the Cultural Revolution were devastating. Countless people died, and the system of the whole Chinese society had been destructed. After these catastrophic disaster, some Chinese intellectuals had come to know that the class struggle, which means that the proletariat should exterminate their class enemy bourgeois, led their society to that catastrophic state, then they finally started to reflect on the fundamental problems beneath the Cultural Revolution. As a result, some intellectuals, such as so called ‘the group of Li Yizhe’, whose member included Li Zhengtian, Guo Yiyang and Wang Xizhe, posted the big character poster(大字報) on the street of Guangdong Province. This poster’s title was “On Socialist Democracy and the Chinese Legal System.” In this poster, Li Yizhe group had fiercely criticized so called Lin Biao’s system and insisted that the real problem of Chinese Socialism was not the class struggle, but the re-construction of legal system. Then they offered the propositions to the CCP leaders. At first, Li Yizhe group’s purpose was integrated: the guarantee of citizen’s legal rights. But after the ‘April Fifth movement’, which was to venerate the death of prime minister Zhou Enlai, the perspectives about the task of Post Cultural Revolution had been ramified. Li Zhengtian, one of the member of Li Yizhe group, claimed that the most important task after the end of the Cultural Revolution was to overcome the dogmatic principle of Proletariat Dictatorship, and the independence of juridical branch. In other words, for Li Zhengtian, the main task of reform after the Cultural Revolution should be proceeded within the realm of CCP’s authority and legitimacy. On the other hand, however, Wang Xizhe, who was also the member of Li Yizhe group, claimed that the aim of the reform was to problematize the political system itself, so the legitimacy of CCP should become an political issue, then, Wang Xizhe proposed the need for the ‘general election.’ We could say that this difference between Li and Wang sharply showed the different attitude of the Li Yizhe group members toward the dictatorship and its legitimacy of CCP. The meaning of ‘Li Yizhe Big Character Post’ could be said as a knotenpunkt of the transition from the socialism China to the post socialism China. This article’s purpose is to read ‘Li Yizhe Big Character Post’ and the statements of Li Zhengtian and Wang Xizhe, then re―politicize the meaning of post socialism China.
  • 13.

    The Need of Humanistic Study on China

    Lee, Hyun Bok | 2017, (57) | pp.341~365 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    On 8th July, 2016, Korean government decided to deploy THADD to the South Korea. This decision created the tension between Korea and China for both the people and the government. What makes these situation worse and makes the solution of these problem difficult is the fact that we, Koreans are blinded by internalized idea from the West, represented by the United States. The modern world was constructed by the West, and we have been taking China as just one stated of this modern world. In this idea, we take it for granted that China is inferior to the United Stated and the West, so we look at matters from a biased point of view and make decisions biasedly. But now China have entered the stage to reconstruct the World under their own traditional view of world, that is the view of Tianxia(天下). Under this circumstance, we have to study China in the humanistic way in order to understand matters precisely, to make our own view and to resolve problems autonomously. This study includes two fields, one is Chinese traditional view of world and their cultural tradition, the other is socialism in China, which have made their modernized tradition.
  • 14.

    A Study on THAAD through ≪环球时报≫(Global Times)

    Eunyoung Kwon | 2017, (57) | pp.367~389 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Global Times(環球時報) is The People's Daily-affiliated mess media organization, but it is the representative newspaper company that has more freedom from the control of Chinese government regarding various international relationships. It tries to view matters multilaterally rather than from simple relationship between two countries. In addition, it mostly represents China’s own interestpatriotically. In this manner, it seems to play a role as a mess media in suggesting China centered policy directions as possible by citing scholars’ opinions in the international policy. While THAAD was being discussed, Wang Yi, the Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China, strongly opposed to it by saying ‘THAAD is the US’s sword dance towards China’. Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, also spoke out against THAAD at a summit meeting right before Nuclear Security Summit held in Washington DC. Therefore, the THAAD deployment became a very important international issue by China as well as one of agendas about strategic competition between the US and China. The issue might be a chance to consider the fundamental limit of the China– South Korea relations, which was overlooked. China is very close to North Korea and plays an important role in the South Korea- North Korea relations. China is the only country that can control North Korea, but it has strong relationship with North Korea, so it is a contradictory cooperator that can be opposed to us. The issue of THAAD has been discussed for years, and it can’t be denied that it is an important key word of the China–South Korea relations. China often seems to encourage anti-Korean sentiment through provocative headlines of Chinese Global Times, but the country understands that making strong relationship with South Korea is more important for the country’s interest. However, China focuses on maximizing its power in Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia through continuous pressure by emphasizing that South Korea is responsible for changes due to South Korea’s decision in the matters of the Korean Peninsula. We need to find solution that is more favorable to us while keeping China in countenance without conflict between the two countries. In addition, positive effects of the Moon Jae-in government’s policy towards China are currently expected, so the tone of Chinese Global Times about the South Korea-North Korea relations expected to be more positive.
  • 15.

    A Study on the Korean Media’s Perception of China’s OROB Initiative

    YANG CHUL | 2017, (57) | pp.391~409 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines how Korean media has become aware of ‘One Belt, One Road(OBOR)’ initiative, by analyzing the trend of press release in Korea about ‘OBOR’ initiative which is the China's national strategy in the Xi Jinping era. The importance and the understanding of ‘OBOR’ initiative are rising in the international community as various activities in China have been held to support ‘OBOR’ initiative. Despite the circumstance, the volume of Korean press release on ‘OBOR’ initiative had plummeted, and now seems to be increasing as the relationship between Korea and China is expected to recover after the inauguration of new government in Korea. This paper utilized the second level agenda-setting theory to analyze a correlation between the political science and media. It analyzed the keywords extracted from the news articles of 60 media in Korea from September 2013 to May 2017 that are related with ‘OBOR’. This paper is significant to confirm the areas of interest and the change of perception of Korean media on ‘OBOR’ initiative by discovering the regional keyword, the change of keywords in each sector, and the current state and the growth rate of press release in each sector and type of media. Furthermore, This paper is significant in that the change in the perception of bilateral media on different issue such as THAAD deployment can enlarge extensionality on study.
  • 16.

    Annotating and Translating Wanli Yehuo Bian by Shen, Defu(Ⅲ)

    SONG JUNGHWA | Leeseungshin | CHAE, SU MIN | 2017, (57) | pp.411~436 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Wanliyehuobian, written by Shen, Defu who is a writer of Ming Dynasty, describes laws and regulations, races and diplomatic relations, natural environment, religions and cultures in the way of an essay, Biji. This paper selects five articles of The Chronicles of Emperors: Sibaiguanshi: Bestowal food on officials, Guochushilu: Annals of the beginning of dynasty, Jianxiushilu: Supervision of the annals, Bihui: Naming taboo, Xiwen: Signature of the Royal seal. We translated and annotated these five articles in Korean. Wanliyehuobian is worth discussing from the historical and literary perspectives. Especially The Chronicles of Emperors has distinct historical values. Guochushilu and Jianxiushilu show us the way Shen, defu thinks about authentic history and criticize history distortions done by official historians. Sibaiguanshi describes memorial holidays, official ceremonies and the variety of food provided by Emperors. Bihui explains specific cases about naming taboo, for example the First Emperor Zhu, yuanzhang made a special rule for naming taboo to discourage the use of the emperor's given name and those of his ancestors. Also, he made it to avoid confusions of names of his direct descendents. Xiwen describes how the royal seals were made and the sentences were engraved.