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2018, Vol., No.62

  • 1.

    A Study on Sushi’s Emotional Ethics of “Dongpo’s Commentary of Book of Change”

    youngik cha | 2018, (62) | pp.1~26 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Sushi is a writer, politician, and scholar of painting who represents the repatriation. Therefore, studying him only in the literary and artistic fields is not enough to examine his overall status. In particular, looking at his academic inner characteristics is an important requirement to examine the academic trends and historical characteristics of the time he was sent back to Korea. In this paper, we examined his theory of promotion based on the reversal of news. Ethics refers to the theoretical establishment of a moral framework that implements the good for personal moral culture and the governance of the nation’s society. In this paper, he tried to identify the emotional qualities of his ethical theory. To summarize his ethical character, first of all, the denizelogists look down on nature and value only metaphysical nature. This kind of affection has a natural and practical meaning compared to the philosophy of human nature, which forces us to achieve a grand order of nature and culture. Second, it is the adult choice, the universal character and personality of the whole nation. Therefore, the nature and good are not transcendental but acquired experience characteristics that are determined through social practice. Third, to the news, the good seems to be derived not from a transcendental, but from a concrete experience of daily life. In addition, in terms of the practice of good, he sought to find the basis of good manners from concrete human feelings, not from a thousand, and had more practical characteristics. It also gave birth to a “Seong(誠)” education which is practice-oriented by sedentary scholars while they value “Sir”. It also gave birth to “Seong(誠)” education, a study that emphasizes practice, while Seonglists place great importance on the “Gyeong(敬)”. The science of Sushi is characterized by the era of republicanism along with the study of human dignity that was being formed at that time. As his Student Jin-kwan mentioned, the psychological characteristic of Sushi was more important than the literature community at that time. In this respect, it is very important to look at academic inner meaning before examining literary and artistic characteristics. And for intellectuals of East Asian Confucian culture, who had ideals that included ‘the true, the good and the beautiful’, the literature and art fields were closely linked to the realization of truth or practice of virtue. Considering this point, we can not overlook the ideological aspect of writers, including the news. This paper was designed to look at the ideological side of the news in a psychological writing called ≪Dongpo’s Commentary of Book of Change≫, under the intention of the overall project.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Function of ‘Hen’ in Adjective Predicate Sentences in Modern Chinese: Focusing on the Contrastive Linguistic Approach

    Shin-Hye Choi | 2018, (62) | pp.27~50 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper focuses on the phenomenon that appears with ‘Hen’ when Chinese adjectives function as predicates and examines the causes of these features in Chinese, as opposed to other languages, from a contrastive linguistic point of view. Adjective predicate sentence is divided into positive predication and comparative/contrastive predication. In Chinese, if the positive predication with no degree of intensification is ‘NA’, it can be understood as a comparative /contrastive meaning because it has morphological identity with comparative /contrastive predication ‘NA’. Therefore, it is considered that the ‘Hen’, which is especially frequently used among degree adverbs, is added to indicate that the description is a non-comparative/contrastive predication in the form of ‘N Hen A’. That is, ‘Hen’, which appears in positive predication with no sense of degree enhancement, functions as a ‘non-contrast mark’. Thus, it was found that whether or not adjective predicate sentence has a contrasting meaning is implemented by mark after subject in Korean, and it is implemented in adjective in Chinese. We also note that the appearance of ‘Hen’ in the adjective predicate sentence is related to the realization of the attribute concept represented by the adjective in the actual language, specifically related to the non-constancy of attributes, implementation of degree, non-contrast mark.
  • 3.

    A Study on The Structure and Method of Description of Guitianlu(歸田錄)

    Leeseungshin | 2018, (62) | pp.51~67 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This article analyses the Structure and method of description of Guitianlu(歸田錄). Ouyang Xiu(歐陽修) wrote politics , society, culture of Song(宋) dynasty in Guitianlu(歸田錄). Ouyang Xiu(歐陽修) is an excellent writer and a great historian. But Ouyang Xiu(歐陽修) refused to be an objective historian. He refused to criticize other people’s evil doings while focusing on their positive sides in Guitianlu(歸田錄). Ouyang Xiu(歐陽修) took Li Zhao(李肇)’s Tang guoshi bu(唐國史補) as a model, except that he did not write badly about the persons mentioned. Ouyang Xiu(歐陽修) has included a lot of things he personally had experienced as member of the court officialdom. For this reason his book has also a historiographical value. It is due to the censorship who emperor of that time, Shenzong(神宗) did. Ouyang Xiu(歐陽修) deleted some records and added the other records for the censor before publication. Also, He used the methods called Hujianfa(互見法) and dialogic style and Vivid speech that Simaqian(司馬遷) used method of description in Shiji(史記). Ouyang Xiu(歐陽修) tried a new writing style of Chinese Classical Prose by writing Guitianlu(歸田錄) that inclued the history of those days, Northern Song Dynasty. Guitianlu(歸田錄) is rich in literary value and historicity value.
  • 4.

    Socialist Ideology and Ideal Norm of ‘Love’: Focused on Zhao Shuli’s “Xiao Erhei’s Marriage”

    Kim Yun Su | 2018, (62) | pp.69~89 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In the early 20th century, when ‘love’ spread in China, ‘free love’ was a term meaning free love between men and women and emerged as a means of institutional reform against the patriarchal traditional society. However, at the time of the revolution, a large number of Chinese intellectuals began to look for the theory of ‘love’ newly in the light of socialist love. Particularly, in the Yan’an era, ‘love’ was placed in the public domain, not the private domain, in order to establish the ‘love theory’ in line with socialist ideology. Originally, ‘free love’ was the exclusive property of the intellectual class, but in the Yan’an era, it was intended to establish a new social order by spreading ‘free love’ to the peasant class. The ‘love’ of the male and female characters in Zhao Shuli’s “Xiao Erhei’s Marriage”, which caused a great sensation in Yan’an era in 1942, was different from the ‘love’ in existing works. ‘Free love’ was the exclusive property of the intellectual class, and although the marriage law was enforced, love for farmers was just vague and abstract. This work allowed the farmers to naturally accept modern marriage culture by clearly showing the way how the two young man and woman love and marry eventually. And “Xiao Erhei’s Marriage” shows the process of the collapse of ‘father’-oriented family order according to socialist ideology by the medium of Xiao Erhei and Xiao Qin’s love and marriage. The success of their marriage, based on new ‘father’ centered on the village headman, socialist ideology, shows that the socialist ideology penetrated into the space called ‘house’, a private domain separated from the national system.
  • 5.

    The Study on Zhang Xiaotian’s Novella The Open Internal

    Kim, Jong-Seok | 2018, (62) | pp.91~120 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As a contemporary writer and realist, Zhang Xiaotian contributes great amount of charistaristic works to the contemporary literature with his profound grounding in surprising skill and his outstanding literary talent. He gained achievement in various novels, which characterized specialties, especially in the creation of novella which was burst with unceasing exploration in life and art. The richful aesthetic image and profound thoughts composite his unique perspective in novella creation. In 1982, he published The Open Internal in the first issue of the literature publication Contemporary. This novella was quickly spread to young generation and gained great popularity. There was a different strong sensation with both good reviews and criticism among the readers. This work was regarded as a controversial work in the 1980s, but as time goes by, it was forgotten for a long time. This paper aims to analyze the significance of this novella and investigate the thought of personages, that is created by him, in the social reality of the historical revolution. Furthermore, this paper aims to analyze why it has been neglected and criticized. After analysis, found that Zhang Xiaotian was focusing on the performance of human nature, portray psychological, grasping live detail. He portrayed these personages with blood and flesh and distinctive individual character. He overcame the trammels of literary works which tend to over simplify and generalize, and he portrayed the personages from life and emotion details.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Inscriptions of Go, Doyeol and His Wife in Beiwei Dynasty

    閔庚三 | 2018, (62) | pp.121~148 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The Dynasty of BeiWei(北魏) has made great changes in the history of East Asia, and it is also very valuable in academic history. Since the dynasty was founded by the Northern immigrants, not by the Han(漢) Chinese regime, it was very dynamic in relations and exchanging with neighboring peoples, and it was not very resistant to the absorption of neighboring countries. The data that introduced in this paper are the epitaph of Go, Doyeol(高道悅) and his wife who are presumed to be from Goguryeo(高句麗) in the BeiWei period. These two pieces of epitaphs were not recorded, as were the other signs of the writing, transcribed, and carved on the stone. Because it was the original purpose of defending the loss of the graveyard and honoring the virtue of the deceased, it would not have made much sense to reveal the name of the person who wrote it. The following are some of the things we have introduced. First of all, we revealed the characteristics of the two areas, including the originator and current collection place through bibliography. Based on the name of the place, official name, and place of origin, the research introduced a clues that could be assumed to have migrated from Goguryeo to China or were at least vigilant at Goguryeo. The following analyzes were conducted in terms of historical value, literary value, and artistic value. As the historical value, the research was reviewed to identify the records of the existing librarian and to fill the gaps. It is about the life review and the family system of the Go, Doyeol family, the frustration of the reform and the killing, the moving of the cemetery, the text correspondence and supplement of the history book. In the literary value, we examined the style and formalization of the epitaph sentence style at that time. In other words, it was looked at the development of sentences, the use of the idioms, and the customs of sentences related to character’s poach. As for artistic values, it was examined aesthetic aspects of sculpture art through the landscape of calligraphic shapes and exploration of meteorology. As a research on the aesthetic value of the calligraphic arts, I introduced the general style of the BeiWei calligraphic arts and take the terms used in the commentary on the BeiWei epitaph of the writers and the methods of the investigation. In addition, these two pieces of epitaphs can provide a variety of primitive data for the study of history of cultural exchange between Korea and China.
  • 7.

    An Annotation and Translation of Datangsanzangqujingshihua

    Jung, Yousun , SONG JUNGHWA | 2018, (62) | pp.145~272 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Datangsanzangqujingshihua is also called Datangsanzangfashiqujingji and it is the earliest Buddhist scripture that still exists today. The author is unknown and it is comprised of three books and parts. This book is about the story of Buddhist Priest Xuanzang of Tang China and his quest to the west to bring back the Tripitaka from India. This is the first time that Houxingzhe, which is the original Sunwukong, appears and where Xuanzang first defeats Shensha shen, which is the original form of Sha Wujing and it is viewed as the original format of the Ming China novel on gods and demons ‘Journey to the West’. Datangsanzangqujingshihua impacted the Jin Dynasty plays ‘Tang Sanzang’ and ‘Feast of Peaches’ and the Yuan China plays, ‘Tangsanzangxitianqujing’ by Wu Changling. ‘Erlang Shen Captures Qitian Dasheng’ by author unknown and the ‘Xiyoujipinghua’ by Yang Jingxian, and it became the basis for the novel Journey to the West. Datangsanzangqujingshihua is an important text for examining how a historical case in which a trip to obtain the Tripitaka during the Tang Dynasty was transformed into a fabricated story. Furthermore, as it maintains the oldest form of the Chinese ‘Shihua’, it also has significant value for research in terms of literary history. Therefore, this study disassembled the Datangsanzangqujingshihua that has important historical significance to finds its value and parts that were the most fantastic and that were associated with the novel were translated.
  • 8.

    How Was the Series of ≪Toward Future(走向未來)≫ Published?: A Study on Mechanism of Emergence of New Intellectual Trends

    Kim Dokyung | 2018, (62) | pp.149~173 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As can be inferred from The Anti-Spiritual-Pollution Campaign(清除精神污染) of 1983, the political atmosphere of China in the early 1980s was still preventing the emergence of new intellectual trends in Chinese society. Nevertheless, the series of Toward Future(≪走向未來≫), influential in the 1980s Chinese society, was edited by Jin-Guantao(金觀濤) and published by Sichuan People Publishing House(四川人民出版社) in 1983. This article explores how the series could be published. By comparing Toward Future and Youthful Manuscripts(≪靑年文稿≫), another series published in 1980 but soon banned by political force, the author claims that the political resource of alliance(挂钩) was crucial to the publication of Toward Future. However, according to the author’s explanation, it was not because of Jin-Guantao’s and his colleagues’ ability to mobilize resources that they were able to acquire this political resource. Rather, the political resource were given to them from outside of them, and in that sense, it was more like an opportunity structure. More importantly, such an opportunity structure continued to grow in Chines society in 1980s. It was an opportunity structure, this article suggests, that fostered new meetings and new businesses in 1980s China and led to the emergence of new intellectual trends.
  • 9.

    Diachronic Study on ‘Yellow’ in the Chinese Culture

    Kim Soonjin , Han, Yong Su | 2018, (62) | pp.175~197 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Color word, ‘Yellow’ has been closely related to the origin of Chinese people and developed as the symbolic meanings such as emperor, gold, and so on from ancient period. The symbolic meanings developed in the modern times, ‘vulgar or sensational’ might be related to the inflow of western culture. Considering the usages of ‘Yellow’ in ancient and modern meanings as the corpus linguistic angle, vocabularies symbolizing ‘Chinese people’ were dominant in the usages, which reveals the background to empathize the origin of ancient Chinese civilization that had realized high level of economic growth since Chinese Reform. In addition, the vocabularies symbolizing ‘vulgar, sexual, or sensational’ were used relatively frequently in the modern times, which reveals the Chinese values to accept the western culture in the global world. With respect to collocation analysis with ‘Yellow,’ the most active words with co-occurrence upon collocation with ‘Yellow’ were -to, ‘ha, and so on, and the words of ‘Yellow color’ types were co-occurred actively with those, like -literature, - novel, newspaper, movie, and so on. ‘Yellow’ in this study has multiple symbolic meanings which were analyzed by the origins with ancient and modern times. Upon analysis of its usages for the ancient and modern times meanings in the corpus linguistic angle in the modern times, it can assist to study the reasons of formations for its symbolic meanings and changes, and also help to understand the changes of ancient Chinese lives and their values.
  • 10.

    Translation and Annotation of <Zheng Wengong wen Taibo(鄭文公問太伯)> in Tsinghua Bamboo Slips

    Lee Yeon Ju , Chong- Li Zhang | 2018, (62) | pp.199~225 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    Zheng Wengong wen Taibo(鄭文公問太伯) is one of the five old documents contained in the 6th release of Tsinghua Bamboo Slips(清华简) - a collection of Chinese texts dating to the Warring States period acquired in 2008 by Tsinghua University. It contains the dialogue between the Duke Wen of Zheng(鄭文公) and Taibo(太伯), the prime minister, and adopts the form of Duke Wen inquring after Taibo’s health and Taibo expostulating with Duke Wen concerning governing the nation. The document describes the early history of Zheng in a condensed manner and, in doing so, illustrates the situation of the East Zhou period around the eastward evacuation(東遷) of the royal house. Therefore, it is considered to be an important document in the study of history and state of the nation at that time. It is also an interesting document in the light of the tradition of expostulation during the Zhou dynasty. This paper makes an exegesis of the document with some explanatory notes.
  • 11.

    A Translation and Annotation of Li bai’s “Here I write a preface by sending Caishi from Jiangxia to Yunmeng in the early spring.” and “Here I write a preface by sending Wangzangong, Jiashaogong, who live in Yangquxian and Yinshaogong, who live in Shiaixian, going from Taiyuan to the capital under the recommendation in the fall.”

    cho sung chun , Deuk-Chang Cho | 2018, (62) | pp.227~243 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper translates and explains two prose of Li Bai(李白). The first prose is “Here I write a preface by sending Caishi(蔡十) from Jiangxia(江夏) to Yunmeng(雲夢) in the early spring.”. This prose consists of three paragraphs. The first paragraph describes the personality of Caishi, the interacts of Li bai and Caishi in the past and farewell of Li Bai and Caishi. The second paragraph describes the beautiful scenery on Caishi’s return to his hometown and Li Bai’s longing for his hometown. The third paragraph urges to keep a promise that Li Bai asks Caishi to go on a trip together in the fall. The second prose is “Here I write by sending Wangzangong(王讚公), Jiashaogong(賈少公), who live in Yangquxian(陽曲縣) and Yinshaogong(尹少公), who live in Shiaixian(石艾縣), going from Taiyuan(太原) to the capital under the recommendation in the fall.” This prose consists of five paragraphs. The first paragraph describes the significantly important geographical position of Taiyuan. The second paragraph describes the learning of Wangzangong, the writing skill of Jiashaogong, and the speaking skill of Yinshaogong. The third paragraph states that Wangzangong and Jiashaogong will go to the capital and take the test. The fourth paragraph describes Lishu(李舒), a cousin of Li Bai, held a banquet at a bar in Nanzha(南柵) and took farewell of three people. The fifth paragraph says that the preface has already been completed and asks to present the poem.