Chuzhi(處置), zhishi(致使) and shiyi(使役) are representative voice of the Chinese, but they are also often confused so brought a lot of problems in grammatical research.
First, we looked at the different concepts of chuzhi and zhishi. The comparison between the typical chuzhi ‘ba’ construction and the typical zhishi ‘shi’ construction shows that the two constructions are completely opposite in terms of object, verb, etc.
Therefore, we also observed that both views of chuzhi as the lower category of zhishi and vice versa are problematic, particularly this classification can produce incorrect statistical results. However, in the case of zhishi ‘ba’ construction belongs to a common area of the two voices.
Next, zhishi and shiyi also belonged to the same Causative voice, but it was examined that there are other features, and in this process, ‘rang’ construction also has zhishi usages.
In short, the control of the relevant animated argument played the most important role in the chuzhi, zhishi, shiyi. This argument’s ability to control made a significant difference in the argument’s animacy, the verb’s transitivity, and the variation of the construction itself, eventually leading to a shift in voice.