The Society of Korean Literature is an academic research organisation that was founded for the purpose of research related to Korean classical literature. It is aimed towards comprehensive research that encompasses adjacent subject areas such as modern literature and history. Korean literature played a large role in sustaining the Korean national spirit and enhancing its capabilities when the country was stripped of its sovereignty during the Japanese colonial era. Research related to classical literature, which preserves the cultural and historical traditions of Korea, was central to this. This is supported by early writings such as Jo Yun Je’s 'Korean Literary History' and Lee Byong Ki’s 'Whole History of Korean Literature'. Our academic association has kept the title ‘The Society of Korean Literature’ to uphold the dignity and critical perspective of these early researchers. However, it also strives to overcome the problems that arise from the separation, or differentiation, of classical literature research and modern literature research under the title ‘The Society of Korean Literature’, from a classical literature researcher’s perspective. The Society of Korean Literature has held a total of 90 academic conferences since its establishment in June 1983. In July 1997, it published the first issue of its academic journal, ‘Journal of Korean Literature’; this journal continues to be published biannually, once at the end of May and once at the end of November. In addition to a current total of 42 journals, The Society of Korean Literature has also published 11 research books. Through these publications, while living up to the purpose of its foundation by retaining primary focus on classical literature, the association also embodies its aim of conducting research that both investigates the connection between classical literature and modern literature and explores the present-day significance of classical literature.
This article examines how the Qing Dynasty general YongGolDae(1596-1648), who was at the center of the ByeongJaHoRan, was embodied in the narrative literature of the late Joseon Dynasty. As is well known, the YongGolDae is the main character of the ByeongJaHoRan, the one who inflicted great wounds on Joseon. To the Koreans, he was the object of fear. However, in Korean classical narrative literature, he is not only portrayed as a threat. By bringing historical events to the stage of the narrative, the victorious general YongGolDae is replaced by the defeated, and he is portrayed from a perspective other than the winner and loser composition. This proves that the figure of the YongGolDae has changed in a variety of ways within the broad spectrum of narrative literature of empirical and fictional narratives, and that the perception of YongGolDae and war has changed in the process. In order to examine this aspect, in this article, the characteristic aspects of the works in which the YongGolDae appears, ranging from works that correspond to empirical narratives to classical novels and tales have been derived.
This paper deals with the issue of 'recovery after disaster' based on various literature of the late Joseon Dynasty. The disaster situations mainly dealt with in this paper include the occurrence of wandering people due to famine and the occurrence of large-scale casualties due to infectious diseases. This paper explores how a country called Joseon worked in the event of a disaster and how the controlled class of Joseon Dynasty exercised its own agency and used survival strategies in a situation where the national response to the disaster was not very effective. Therefore, ultimately, the relationship between the state and individual agent emerges as an important issue in relation to 'recovery after a disaster'. For this reason, this paper concludes the discussion by intensively analyzing how the attempts of the controlled class of Joseon Dynasty to break away from the state's ruling system are represented in the literature of late Joseon Dynasty. This paper examines the issue of 'recovery after disaster' from a comprehensive perspective, and aims for interdisciplinary research that traverses social history, history of ideas, and political science based on the study of Korean classical literature.
War is the greatest disaster that includes death, separation, famine, and disease. Paradoxically, war becomes an important subject of literature because it ravages the mind and emotions of people. This paper aims to clarify that creating literary works is one of the efforts to cure the aftereffects of the war by examining the Sino-Korean poetry created by poets who experienced the Imjin[壬辰] War in person.
Sino-Korean poetry containing the experiences and memories of the Imjin War is divided into three main categories. The first is to express the horrors of the war. These poems show the aspect of using the method of contrasting the immutable natural objects with the ruined human traces, and the method of reusing the expressions of the former works that dramatically visualized war experiences such as Dubo[杜甫]’s poems.
The second category is the literary works that commemorate the dead and the victims of Imjin war. Although many are dedicated for military commanders and soldiers who have died after establishing distinguished war service, some poets commemorated the unknown soldiers, virtuous women, filial offsprings who sacrificed for their country and family.
The third category is the literary works that contain the desire for getting back to normal life. In these works, there is a sense of security of survival, unfamiliarity with the new home and surrounding, which is different from the past, and anxious hopes for the future.
The above three types of works can be understood in various ways to heal the pain caused by war. It is necessary to record the horrors of the war to avoid repeating the same tragedy in future generations, and to commemorate the victims of the war is an essential element for the maintenance and development of the community. The recognition that building a new base of life is at least a responsibility for the victims can also be seen as part of an effort to overcome the sadness of war.