The purpose of this paper is to examine the experience of Nam Gongcheol(1760～1840) when he visited the Qing Dynasty in 1807 and the perception of the Qing Dynasty of him. In the course of 1807, Nam Gongcheol received his preface to prominent figures of the Qing such as Cao Jiang曹江, Li Linsong李林松, and Chen Xizu陳希祖, and was included in his collection of works published in 1815 by himself. Among them, especially, Cao Jiang was already known among the intellectuals of Joseon, so Nam Gongcheol visited Cao Jiang without hesitation. In Beijing, too, Nam Gongcheol met directly with the Zhu Yuren猪裕仁 and Wu Siquan吳思權. He also left a record of the meeting with Ryukyu琉球 ambassadors.
Because all of the preface was wrote by descendant of the people of Ming明, Nam Gongcheol set them in his anthology as a preface. In addition, Zhu Yuren褚裕仁 and Wu Siquan吳思權 were all descendants of the Ming明, Nam Gongcheol felt strong sympathy for them. Such consciousness of conscience was expressed by the discrimination against Man people滿人 and Han people漢人.
It is surprising to note that Nam Gongcheol, who was once enthusiastic with the school to learn the Qing Dynasty such as Park Jiwon, Yu Deukgong, and Park Jaega, however, he basically was lied in the background of the family and the political background that can not throw up the Daemyung loyalty大明義理論. It was perhaps natural that his father, Nam Yuyong, had written a history of Ming明, and that emphasized the faithful to Daemyung loyalty. In addition, most of the Joseon intellectuals at that time, in spite of the craze to learn the civilization of Qing Dynasty, could not deny the Daemyung loyalty actively. Yi Dukmu who closely cooperated with Nam Gongcheol, also had a great interest in the descendant of Ming people.
As well known, Nam Gongcheol was a eclectic for Han Methodology漢學 and Song Methodology宋學. However, accepting the merits of Han Methodology漢學 is to relativize Song Methodology宋學, which is contradictive to the Daemyung loyalty, which had been weakened from the beginning. The reason why Nam Gongcheol, who had this self-contradiction, did not give up the Daemyung loyalty until the end was the courtesy to Ming people and the compassion for them through discrimination.
In the late Chosun dynasty, the Daemyung loyalty can be said to show the deep self-contradiction of the intellectuals who could stand up at the final stage of Daemyung loyalty in the early 19th century. They acknowledged the merits of Han Methodology漢漢, which was to relativize the orthodox Neo-Confucianism. However, as the Daemyung loyalty was based on the orthodox Neo-Confucianism, they did not give up the that by expressing sympathy for the descendant of the people of Ming明. Because of his family background and political status, it seems that Nam Gongcheol was forced to ignore the advanced artifacts of the Qing Dynasty while experiencing the journey to the Qing Dynasty.