Cheonguagudemengi, the deities of Najugiminchang-josangbonpuri and Tosanyodret-Dangbonpuri, which represent Jeju Island's snake faith, is not a straightforward snake itself, but is close to a dragon Deity. This article unravels the reason by examining the origin of the two faiths in connection with the Dragon faith in the Naju-mok area. The process of revealing the reality and full picture of the Dragon faith involved in the formation of each faith compared historical, folk, and literary materials related to this based on the space described in Bonpuri and the unique attributes of Deity.
First of all, Najugiminchang-josangbonpuri and related beliefs prioritized the explanation of the characteristics of the deity, which are ancestral gods and have the appearance of you and the god of sea. Jechang-Village in Anchang-dong, where Naju Jeminchang was established, has been a place where the faith of the dragon Deity, centered on Ang-am and Yongjindan, has been highly revered since the Goryeo Dynasty. This traditional and indigenous Dragon faith was derived and differentiated faithfully in relation to JeMin-chang, Gwan-chang, water transport, and trade in future generations, and served as the origin of Najugiminchang-josangbonpuri and related faith. In addition, the sea god festival, which was held when ships carrying Ijingok to Jeju entered and departed, also served as the basis for formation, leaving Bonpuri as a trace in the narrative.
Tosanyodret-Dangbonpuri and related beliefs revealed the religious origin of dragonthrough an explanation of the transformation of God, that is, the correlation between Cheongu- Agu-demeng-i and baduk stone. It found clues in the special first half of the story, the story of Dae-mang contained in Eouyadam, the anecdote of Shin Sook-ju, and the folk belief of Geum-an-Village. Tosanyodret-Dangbonpuri are related to the long-cherished desire to become a dragon due to your greed for cintamani, and at the same time, you have a marine attribute that presides over the wind and clouds. As a result of examining the connection between Shin Sook-ju and Naju's indigenous forces and the relationship between the folk faith and the dragon faith in Geumseongsan Mountain in Naju, This suggests that the belief in Geumseongsan Mountain in Naju was already achieved in the form of a combination of dragon and snake faith at that time.
Based on the indigenous and traditional Dragon faith in Naju-mok area, the two beliefs are homogeneous in that they have been introduced into the shamanic system of Jeju Island, linked to problems such as Gwanchang(官倉), water transport, Trade, and a sea route etc, according to religious and historical exchanges with Jeju people and gradually completed their appearance as faith. Therefore, it cannot be concluded that the two faiths were derived from the House Spirit Belief or snake faith from the beginning. Rather, after the dragon faith, which is the origin, flowed into Jeju Island, and combined with the existing indigenous snake faith or the snake faith of the natives, there is a lot of room for a more colorful and complex faith system and main pool.