An Analysis of Chinese Poetry[漢詩] According to Expression Method of Jeong[情] through Gyeong[景]
Examining tendency of researching into classical Chinese poetry[漢詩] so far, there are many cases of analyzing them by referring to the evaluation in the contemporary generation or future generation and to a traditionally classical poetic theory. By the way, the terms, which were used in criticism or poetic theory of the past, are not definite mostly in a concept or fail to be systematic in logic. Thus, this isn't easy to be utilized positively.
This study was prepared under the aim of specifically analyzing significance and aesthetic sense of classical Chinese poetry by using Jeong[情] and Gyeong[景], which had been used as an important conceptual term in the traditional poetic theory of the past. ‘Gyeong’ signifies a paragraph that is composed of objective description on the sensually accepted object. ‘Jeong’ indicates a paragraph of containing a poet's emotion or thought. Gyeong becomes a cause of stimulating Jeong, too. Also, it becomes a result that a poet selected subjectively, too, sometimes according to Jeong that a poet has. Accordingly, Gyeong, which was shown in classical Chinese poetry, has very close relationship with Jeong.
In case of being classical Chinese poetry in the form that Jeong and Gyeong are combined, the ultimate meaning of Gyeong needs to be analyzed on the basis of a character that Jeong has. In the face of being very diverse in objects and aspects available for being experiences sensibly, a poet needs to be always mindful of needing to making it poem by selecting only specific object and aspect. A poet needs to form Gyeong so that Jeong can be signified. Thus, examining which poetic diction was chosen and how Uigyeong[意境] was organized leads to being able to analyze a meaning that Gyeong was implied.
In the meantime, a poet also uses a character as symbol and Jeongo[典故, authentic precedents] that an object has. Community of sharing spirit and culture gives a peculiar meaning to one object, thereby tending to secure internal homogeneity. Classical Chinese poetry is a branch of being well revealed this characteristic. Thus, there is a need of examining whether a thing or a case of forming Gyeong has a symbolic meaning or Jeongo-based character. Gyeong, which uses a symbol or was utilized Yongsa[用事], cannot help certainly suggesting Jeong behind it.
Symbol and Yongsa are a rhetoric for making a meaning of a work, namely, the theme, more implicitly. Hence, motive and background of creation are very important to be grasped. Examining the poetic theme and the associated data closely leads to obtaining information on a creative situation. A meaning of Jeong, which is hidden in it, can be understood only when needing to analyze characteristic of Gyeong based on this.