Research on 『Unyeonguaanrok(雲煙過眼錄)』 Yeonhaengrok(燕行錄) Written by Sim Eungji(沈應之)
『Unyeonguaanrok』 is the first discovered manuscript Yeonhaengrok which consists of one volume. The auther Sim Eungji’s ja(字) is Myeonghag(鳴鶴) and ho(號) is Mugso(默所)․Dongdaelocho(東臺老樵). There described “Old Mugso wrote this.” at the bottom of the first page of the body. Through the 『Yeonsarok(燕槎錄)』 of Park Yeongwon(朴永元)’s Chi’ing Travel poetry, it could be confirmed that Mugso was Sim Eungji’s ho. Sim went to Chi’ing in 1846 with following Sim Huisun(沈熙淳), the secretary of the diplomatic mission. He was an insignificant literary writer who lived in Yagsan(藥山), Gimpo(金浦), Gyeonggi Province. It is said that he had a collection of literary works, but it is now in lost. 『Unyeonguaanrok』 is his only work. His friends were Sim Neungsug(沈能淑), Sim Huisun, Sim Yitaeg(沈履澤), and Park Seongseong(朴善性).
『Unyeonguaanrok』 is miscellany records of direct information and personal appearances in the order of travel, with a total of 156 items. It is not a diary, but rather a form of short sentences, which is described briefly without any small title. The most notable items are records related to the welfare of the Chi’ing dynasty such as carts, bricks, farming tools, and various cultures of Chi’ing dynasty such as castles, houses, and apparel system, and the friendship with Yang Shangwen(楊尙文), Yang Shangzhi(楊尙志), Li Jun(李鈞), Shen Henghui(沈亨惠), Zhang Mu(張穆), Fung Zhiyi(馮志沂), Zhao ZhenJha(趙振祚), and the information on the UK and opium etc. The literary expression describing the Liaodong desert(遼東廣野) and a careful examination of the Hoihua tree[槐] are also drawing attention. This book refer to various books published before, such as 『Jungbongjib(重峰集)』, 『Baegsajib(白沙集)』, 『Dongsarok(東槎錄)』 and especially on 『Yeolhayilgi(熱河日記)』. It deserved to be considered a brief and reliable historical portfolio to Chi’ing. It was enough to be judged a fine yeonhaengrok of 19th century.