This study revisits the rhymes of Baek Seok's poem “Yeo-seung(女僧)” based on the concept of the meter of traditional poetry and examines the meaning of the poem realized in relation to the meter.
Previous studies that looked at Baek Seok poetry in relation to traditional poetry forms were limited to either pointing out the phenomenal fact that the metrics were confirmed or analyzing rhythms based on unclear standards. Although Baek Seok’s Poem does not regulate the format of the whole poem with a single rhythmic model, it uses the meter of traditional poetry to create various meanings through the process of repetition and variation.
“Yeo-seung” shows an interaction between meter and meaning. Each stanza of “Yeo-seung” is based on traditional rhythms, revealing the psychological changes of the poetic subject in various ways such as the introduction of rhythmic deviations and gaps, changes in meter, interruption of inertia, and the superposition of four feet. Moreover, the process of changing the meter in “Yeo-seung” shows the life of a woman who was forced to live as a human involved in memory and emotion even after leaving home in addition to the process of becoming a Buddhist nun. Consequently, “Yeo-seung” can be read as a work that embodies its poetic meaning by utilizing traditional poetry's meter in various ways.