The Hermit Lee Paerang-e is a person of various aspects of cultural characteristics in the 18-19th century, and has long been a subject of interest and envy for many people. Nevertheless, all existing studies on Lee Paerang-e were limited to individual works, and no research has dealt with the link between them. The works related to Lee Paerang-e are found in a number of literary works, and this paper studies The three main themes of the Lee Paerang-e narrative are the reason he became a Hermit, his excellent writing skills, and taoist ideology. Lee Paerang-e is a combination of two or more characters, and the representative characters are Lee Jung-hae and Lee Eun. Lee Jung-hae is a relative of Lee Jung-so, a key figure in Noron. Sung Hae-eung and Yu Bon-hak specified Lee Jung-hae as Lee Paerang-e. Lee Eun is the main character in Shim Neung-sook’s LeeEun Jeon in which his various Hermit stories written while working as Lee Paerang-e and the evaluation of the contemporary people are very detailed. Shim Neung-sook is the only writer who has specified Lee Eun as Lee Paerang-e.
Lee Paerang-e was a representative Hermit in the late Joseon Period. Compared to Kim Sat-gat, who became a wandering poet due to his tragic personal history despite being an outstanding writer, Lee Paerang-e, who left various narratives in the preceding era, can be seen as a pioneering type of wandering intellectuals. But, Lee Paerang-e and Kim Sat-gat have different character types. Kim Sat-gat wrote poems with strong social satire and playfulness, but Lee Paerang-e has no social satire works or plays. Lee Paerang-e’s literary and poetic talents were widely recognized during the period, but the number of works handed down is considerably smaller than that of Kim Sat-gat. Essentially, the Lee Paerang-e’s Hermit story focuses on taoist ideology while Kim Sat-gat’s Hermit story is more realistic and enjoys the arts. It is the decisive limit that leaves Lee Paerang-e as a Hermit, not a Poet.
The material used in the Lee Paerang-e’s narrative shows the complex culture aspects of the time. Lee Paerang-e’s folktales about taoist ideology can be interpreted as a way for a nobleman who was alienated from the central power of the time to relieve his feelings about the real situation. Further research will talk about the trend of succession and change from Lee Paerang-e’ narrative to Kim Sat-gat’s narrative in the late Joseon Dynasty.