This paper deals with the issue of 'recovery after disaster' based on various literature of the late Joseon Dynasty. The disaster situations mainly dealt with in this paper include the occurrence of wandering people due to famine and the occurrence of large-scale casualties due to infectious diseases. This paper explores how a country called Joseon worked in the event of a disaster and how the controlled class of Joseon Dynasty exercised its own agency and used survival strategies in a situation where the national response to the disaster was not very effective. Therefore, ultimately, the relationship between the state and individual agent emerges as an important issue in relation to 'recovery after a disaster'. For this reason, this paper concludes the discussion by intensively analyzing how the attempts of the controlled class of Joseon Dynasty to break away from the state's ruling system are represented in the literature of late Joseon Dynasty. This paper examines the issue of 'recovery after disaster' from a comprehensive perspective, and aims for interdisciplinary research that traverses social history, history of ideas, and political science based on the study of Korean classical literature.