Korean | English

ISSN : 1738-3668

2019 KCI Impact Factor : 0.76
Aims & Scope
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Manchurian Studies

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Yoon, Wook
Citation Index
  • KCI IF(2yr) : 0.76
  • KCI IF(5yr) : 0.84
  • Centrality Index(3yr) : 1.227
  • Immediacy Index : 0.1429

Current Issue : 2020, Vol., No.30

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  • Hongtaiji’s Placation and Control of Chinese Officials in Early Part of Hongtaiji’s Reign

    Byungjin Chong | 2020, (30) | pp.9~39 | Number Of Cites : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined Hongtaiji’s ambivalence towards Han officials who had surrendered to the Later Jin. Having succeeded Khan to the throne, Hongtaiji actively appointed Han Chinese, recruited public officers based on these men’s Ming Dynasty statuses, and considering the sum of reparations they paid. He also tried to unify the Manchu-Han, orchestrating marriages between Han officials and the Later Jin ruling classes. He would later manage the increasing number of Han officials systemically and based on the Eight Banners, reforming the government while strengthening his authority. However, he disregarded Han officials’ pleas to engage in reckless military operations against the Ming Dynasty and their criticism of the Jurchen people’s traditions and customs. In essence, Hongtaiji became a symbolic ruler of the northern race and dealt with Han officials with a strong sense of identity. While past narratives focus on Han officials’ roles in the carrying out of internal reforms, at least under Hongtaiji’s reign these explanation is not suitable.
  • Clan Leader Selection and Management of the royal family in Qing Dynasty

    JUNYOUNG KIM | 2020, (30) | pp.41~69 | Number Of Cites : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Studies of clan leader leadership in the Ming and Qing Dynasties often focus on clan leader’s activities such as ceremonies, property management and compilation of genealogy. This paper explores the role of clan leaders in the social organization of the Manchu community. According to the period of into bannerman and the type of Niru, Manchu community is divided classes. Among the various classes that make up the Manchu community, the royal family and ordinary bannerman differentiated based on a household registry, Niru composition and group management. This study sets the royal family as the primary group of interest in the Manchu Community. Using archives of the Qing Dynasty, it explores changes in clan leader selection processes, and clan leader’s duties and authority during the administration of Eight Banners. The study found that the new clan leader’s primary selection criteria were not their blood-based relations within the clan, but their public posts and the emperor’s recognition. The emperor’s direct involvement in the selection of clan leader (but not official bureaucrats) was two-fold: (1) it strengthened the emperor’s influence over the royal family; and (2) the clan leader’s responsibility in managing the people and implementing the edicts of the Eight-banner Administration within the Niru.
  • Cao Tingjie’s Investigative Travels in Manchuria, 1885 : Manchuria Frontier Reform and Han Intellecutualism of Late Qing

    Song In Ju | 2020, (30) | pp.71~108 | Number Of Cites : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This research clarifies the process of modernization in Manchuria Frontier in the Late Qing era through Cao Tingjie(曹廷杰)‘s investigative travels in Manchuria, 1885, and eventually, investigates how modern Chinese state changed Manchuria into his north-eastern frontier. Cao Tingjie served as a local civilian officer of Jilin and as historian during the late Qing Era. After 1860, the Russian Empire and colonized Amur basin and threatened the Qing’s sovereignty in Manchuria. For this reason, in 1885, Cao Tingjie investigated Qing-Russia Manchurian frontier and he recorded the reform agenda of the frontier defense in Manchuria for Qing court. In his reform agenda, Cao tingjie suggested economic reforms in Manchrian Frontier through the cultivation of wild lands and operation of gold mines in Amur River basin. Finally, Qing court adopted Cao tingjie’s reform agenda and started the policy of Manchurian frontier reformation in 1890s, including the operation of gold mines. Cao Tingjie’s investigation and records on Manchuria are rich resources on the Qing Dynasty’s modernization policies in Manchuria Frontier and Han Chinese scholars’ plans to evolve the Qing Empire’s birthplace into a ‘Chinese modern state’s north-eastern frontier. Consequently, Cao Tingjie’s investigative travel has importance for understanding Qing Empire’s Modernization policy in Manchuria.
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