Muslim-Christian Encounter 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.3

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pISSN : 1976-8117 / eISSN : 2671-678X

http://journal.kci.go.kr/mce
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2022, Vol.15, No.1

  • 1.

    TOWARDS AN EFFECTIVE WITNESS TO FOLK MUSLIMS IN GHANAIAN CONTEXT

    KOMLA, NUEKPE DIEUDONNE | 2022, 15(1) | pp.7~49 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Many missionaries struggle to effectively share the gospel with Muslims due to a lack of appropriate approaches. Among the numerous reasons for unsuccessful witness to Muslims, one significant roadblock is a lack of appropriate contextualization of the gospel message. This paper posits that in Ghana, where Muslims are predominantly influenced by African Traditional Religion, an understanding of folk Islam will open doors to effectively share the gospel. Christians can successfully engage folk Muslims with the gospel by presenting Jesus as an ancestor in the Ghanaian folk context, introducing the Holy Spirit, leaning on the power of oral Word proclamation, and presenting the truth with the grace and love of Jesus Christ.
  • 2.

    A Comparative Study on the Characteristics of the Introduction and Settlement Processes of Muslim Communities in UK and Korea

    Jeeyun Kwon , Ah Young Kim | 2022, 15(1) | pp.51~82 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    As migration caused by various issues is on the rise, migrants of diverse ethnic backgrounds are also entering South Korea consistently as migrant workers, foreign students, expatriates, and refugees. In particular, Muslim refugees are characterized solely by their religion and have become targets of discrimination. European countries such as the United Kingdom, which have experienced these trends generations before South Korea has, always appear as exemplary case studies during discussions of such issues. In this article, the authors compare the characteristics of the introduction and settlement processes of Muslim communities into the UK and South Korea in an effort to identify aspects from our past to avoid repeating. By doing so, the authors propose that cooperative efforts between Koreans and migrants, and identifying the missional implications in them, are necessary for migrant Muslims to become a member of Korean society.
  • 3.

    God’s Plan for Ishmael: Re-examining the relationship between Christianity and Islam from the perspective of Karl Barth’s Doctrine of Election

    Kim, JinHyok | 2022, 15(1) | pp.83~124 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Karl Barth is one of the most influential Protestant theologians in the 20th century. He strongly emphasizes the difference between God’s revelation and human religiosity, defining religion as human disobedience to the self-revealing God. This radical idea has been inadequately used to justify Christians’ exclusivist attitude toward other religions. Resisting this rather simplified reading of Barth, this study aims to reinterpret the relationship between Christianity and Islam from the perspective of his tantalizing view of election, a doctrine celebrated by many Barth scholars as his most creative and crucial theological achievement. He charges Islam’s view of God in the sense that its abstract understanding of divine transcendence cannot fully explain God’s gracious self-decision to be Deus pro nobis (God for us). In addition, his radical claim that God’s eternal election and rejection take place in Jesus Christ makes room for re-thinking the place of Ishmael and his descendent within God’s providence.
  • 4.

    Missiological analysis and seeking response to the influx of Muslim residents into Korea

    Chang Wun Kim | 2022, 15(1) | pp.125~157 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The Korean Christian community confronts a problematic issue related with the influx of Islamic population. The conflict between Christianity and Islam, which is more missionary than any other religion, is a worrisome task in a society where the two must coexist. In particular, it is not easy for the Christian community, which currently accounts for the majority of Koreans, to establish how to view Islam and how to deal with it from the missiological perspective. This is where the backbone of the study lies. The Korean society's response to Islam is diverse. In three categories, first, an economic practical point of view, second, the Islamophobia point of view, and third a view of missional counterpoint. The multiculturalization of the Korean society is a trend of globalization and Korean citizens request an elevated attitude as global citizens. However, the problem is that, similar to the polarization phenomenon of Korean society, conversion is sometimes made with a liking for Islam, but simultaneously there is antipathy and hatred toward Islam. In particular, Islamophobia in the Christian community seems serious. Theological conflict between Islam and Christianity is inevitable. Christian theology is the God of the Trinity, but Islam believes in Allah, the only God, denies the divine nature of Jesus Christ, and distrusts the presence of the Holy Spirit. It is time to find a new paradigm that the Christian community, which believes in missionary work as Jesus' mandate, should have. Supporting hostile relations with Islamophobia cannot be said to be missionary. Above all, the Christian community should have an opportunity for self-sufficiency. This study intends to present the specific application of the relationship-based missional paradigm. First, it is to restart understanding humans and other religions from a creationism point of view. Second, it is to open the view that the Christian community grows by encountering Muslims entering Korea. Third, as many missionary studies have shown, Muslims who have entered Korea are precious missionary objects. Fourth, as a way of contextual missionary work, it is important to approach Muslims through empathic stories. It is time to make efforts to open the way for them to meet Jesus on their own in Islamic culture and to help them have religious lives suitable for their situation.
  • 5.

    Analysis and Proposal of Christian Mission and Islamic Da’wa: Based on a Case Study of Tablighi Jama’at.

    Cho Jai Hyuk | 2022, 15(1) | pp.159~189 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Both Christianity and Islam which form the world’s largest religious populations are monotheistic in nature, as descendants of Abraham. The main purpose of the two religions is to sanctify and disseminate religious teachings in everyday life. In the past 2000 years, Christianity has expanded its territory of truth through significant missionary works, while Islam through Da’wa for 1400 years. These geographical expansions brought about clashes and exchanges between civilizations, giving the two groups both the glory of conquest and the pain of being colonized. Unfortunately, these historical experiences of triumph and pain have caused prejudice, fear, and misunderstanding towards each other. This pattern of competition between the two religions was reflected in their activities of spreading the truth. This article suggests a constructive partnership in resolving global problems in the 21st century through the abandonment of mutual competition and conflict. The partnership would be built on mutual respect and based on the truth the two groups mutually have love and peace. Therefore, this article examines a case of the recent Islamic propaganda movement called Tablighi Jama’at and discusses its similarities with the Christian mission. After comparatively analyzing the recent growth of Christianity and Islam, this paper proposes a desirable direction for Christian missionary work for the achievement of the hopeful coexistence of the two religions.
  • 6.

    Analysis of the Arab MZ Generation that Accelerates individualization

    홍재훈 | 2022, 15(1) | pp.191~226 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Over the past years in Middle Eastern areas, the same way fo thinking had been inherited as a patriarchal and tribal tradition from upper generation flowing wisdom and knowledge down to the lower generation. Nowadays, metadiscourses formed by local political leaders in a top-down system have become the identity that defined Arabs. But now, a strong wind of change began to blow in the Arab region, which had long shown strong solidarity with the same value system. This is led by the new generation, the largest group in the region’s demographics, who have not experienced historical events that have caused existing ideas. Individualism is spreading through various online channels beyond the uniform delivery of information by the elder among the youths. In addition, policies of some Arab countries that is contrary to the existing ideology of Arab due to changing dynamics in the region are encouraging the youths to have a new survival strategy. The paper would examine the accelerated individualism through the results of Arab youth survey.