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Editorial Policy

Research & Publication Ethics

Policy on Research Ethics of Muslim Christian Encounter

Article 1 (Purpose)

The purpose of this policy is to discuss regulations on research ethics and malpractice by a researcher.


Article 2 (Applicable Subjects)

The application of this policy is limited to the journal Muslim-Christian Encounter (referred to as “the journal” hereafter), published by the Torch Trinity Center for Islamic Studies.


Article 3 (Application and Scope of Violations of Research Ethics)

Malpractice in research is carried out in the proposal, execution, or report and presentation of results of research. The following acts define the scope of violations and become subject to regulations on malpractice.

1) When a researcher “forges” data by creating nonexistent data, modifies data, or “falsifies” data through deletion despite having the responsibility as a researcher to remain truthful.

2) When a researcher does not recognize the authorship of those who contributed greatly to the content or results of research without a reasonable justification, or by contrast, bestows authorship to those who did not make contributions in order to express gratitude or respect.

3) Plagiarism is defined as using the intellectual property—research materials and findings—of another individual without their appropriate approval or without clearly including accurate citation information. It is treated most significantly among violations of research ethics, and includes the following:

① Acts of self-plagiarism by repeatedly resubmitting the same article or presenting an article that is extremely similar to their own article that was published previously.

② Acts of using another individual’s unique thoughts, reasoning, terms, methods of analysis, etc. without the individual’s approval or accurate citations.

③ Acts of including another individual’s original content or summaries of their original content even with appropriate approval from the individual or accurate citations.

④ Other acts that seriously depart from conventionally accepted practice in academia and is deemed as necessitating an investigation by the Editorial Committee due to a significant potential for plagiarism.


Article 4 (Establishment, Rights, and Duties of the Editorial Committee)

1) As the leader of a research institute, the Director of the Center for Islamic Studies may establish an Editorial Committee (referred to as the “committee” hereafter) and a Chairperson of the Editorial Committee (referred to as the “chairperson” hereafter) for the purposes of regulating and responding to malpractice as defined Article 3. The committee will deliberate and decide on the following matters of research ethics.

① Matters regarding the establishment of research ethics

② Matters regarding the prevention, investigation (preliminary investigation, primary investigation, decision) of malpractice.

③ Matters regarding the confirmation, decision, and responsive measures on violations of research ethics

④ Matters regarding the reputational recovery of the investigated individual as well as the protection of the informant and the secrecy of the matter

⑤ Other matters appointed to the committee by the chairperson

2) The committee must not delay or arbitrarily defer responsive measures once the allegation of violation is confirmed and clearly decided upon through an investigation. Responsive measures for violations of research ethics are as below.


① Prohibition of submission for 3 years

② Notice of violation on the center’s website and the next issue of the journal

③ Public disapproval of the applicable article and deletion of the article in the online database 

④ Announcement of the violator’s malpractice to the head of the applicable institution

3) The committee must maintain secrecy over deliberations and all related details.

Article 5 (Qualifications and Role of an Evaluator)

1) For the evaluation of submitted articles, this institute will recommend individuals who have continuously conducted lectures and research activities for more than five years after receiving a doctorate degree in a related field from a domestic or international institution to the Editorial Committee, and the Director of the institute will make the final decisions. 

2) This committee must maintain secrecy over information of the submitted article to the evaluator, and the evaluator must also maintain secrecy over all aspects of the evaluation.

3) The evaluator must conduct an evaluation based on objective facts, without influence from their own ideologies.

4) If the evaluator deems that they are not the appropriate to make an evaluation on the article, they may express this to the Editorial Committee. 

Article 6 (Additional Provisions) 

1) (Date of Effectuation) This policy will be in effect from January 1, 2016. 

2) (Scope of Application) The previous policy that was used from January 1, 2009 through December 31, 2015 will be applied to research findings presented prior to the effectuation date of this policy.