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pISSN : 2005-8284 / eISSN : 2234-3598

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2009, Vol.12, No.3

  • 1.

    Philosophical Perspectives on Medical Ethics and Research

    Myoung Sheen Kang | Myong-Sei Sohn | 2009, 12(3) | pp.219~234 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Medical ethics, which is expanding in scope, now includes public health ethics, bioethics, and biomedical or health care ethics. Though it started as a form of professional ethics, medical ethics is one of the most important fields of practical ethics, a branch of philosophy. According to Rawls, much of moral theory is independent from the other parts of philosophy. That is, the study of moral concepts and their relation to our moral sensibility has its own distinctive problems and subject matter, requiring unique forms of study. But what is the relation between ethics and medical ethics? In this article we argue that moral theory and medical ethics are necessarily interconnected and that they support each other. Professional duties are influenced by health care systems and policies, and public health ethics is influenced by ethical and political theory. Therefore, we argue that problems in medical ethics should be addressed from a meta-viewpoint that takes other disciplines into consideration.
  • 2.

    Legal Perspectives on the Educational Goals of Ethics Programs for Medical Trainees

    박형욱 | SO YOON KIM | Myong-Sei Sohn | 2009, 12(3) | pp.235~250 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    In 2007, the Korean Society for Medical Ethics Education and the Korean Academy of Medical Sciences published “The Educational Goals of Ethics Programs for Medical Trainees,” which presents 47 case reports and related discussions. Although the legal and medical responsibilities of medical professionals are closely related, they can often be distinguished. Therefore, in omitting some of the legal aspects of the case reports, the aforementioned publication fails to guide trainees in how to deal with issues similar to those raised in the case reports. The present article examines the legal responsibilities of the doctors described in those case reports. The result shows that the publication discusses the legal responsibilities of doctors in only nine of 31 relevant cases. We argue that the ethical and legal responsibilities of medical professionals need to be taught in an integrative manner. Furthermore, we claim that the legal aspects of medical case reports must be studied with the help of legal professionals and should be reflected in publications used to train medical professionals.
  • 3.

    The Present Status and Future Directions of Nursing Ethics Education

    Park, Jin-Hee | YongSoon kim | Won Ock Kim | 2009, 12(3) | pp.251~260 | number of Cited : 33
    Abstract PDF
    In today’s rapidly changing and technologically sophisticated health-care environment, nurses frequently encounter ethical issues in caring for patients. While ethical values have always been a part of nursing education, the resources needed for ethics education have not always been readily available to nursing students and practicing nurses. This review aims to describe the state of nursing ethics education in Korea and provide insights into its requirements and priorities. In order to train nurses to participate in ethical decision making, more contemporary models of ethics education are being implemented in nursing programs. It is important for nurse educators to understand that ethics education should provide students with ways of conceptualizing ethical dilemmas and arriving at practical solutions. Furthermore, we argue that there is a need to develop Web-based continuing-education courses to enhance nurses’ ethical decision-making and advocacy roles.
  • 4.

    Quantitative Analysis of Ethics Research within the Korean Nursing Community

    Sung-Hee Ahn | 2009, 12(3) | pp.261~274 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The objective of this study was to analyze the evolution and nature of ethics research within the Korean nursing community. Method: For this retrospective quantitative study, articles related to biomedical issues published by nurses or nursing students in peer-reviewed Korean journals and master theses and doctoral dissertations written in Korea from 1968 to 2008 were collected via the databases at The Korean Nurses Association, The Korean Education and Research Information Service, The Korean Studies Information Service System, and The Korean Medical Database. Results: In total, 110 were articles published and 75 master theses and doctoral dissertations presented. Of these, 148 (80%) studies used an empirical design. The period 2001-2005 presented a higher number of studies (n=71, 38.4%). Eighteen peer-reviewed journals in the field of nursing published ethical studies. The main topics of research were professional ethics for nurses (25.4%, n=47), do-not-resuscitate orders (n=21), and ethical dilemmas (n=19). Most empirical studies employed quantitative designs (79.7%, n=118). Conclusion: The findings of this study highlight important issues for the development of nursing ethics research, including the diversity of research topics, subjects, and design, the selection and convergence of research topics, researcher training, and international multidisciplinary collaboration.
  • 5.

    A Statistical Analysis of 102 Articles Published in The Korean Journal of Medical Ethics

    Kim, Sang Deuk | 2009, 12(3) | pp.275~286 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article attempts to evaluate Korean research on medical ethics today and propose a reasonable direction for future research. The evaluation is based on an analysis of the 102 articles published in The Korean Journal of Medical Ethics from 2003 to 2009. First, I classify the articles into philosophy, pedagogy, law, sociology, and the politics of medical ethics. Second, I show how interdisciplinary research on medical ethics is carried out today. Third, I analyze the 22 articles that are classified as philosophical articles with regard to their subject matter and the author’s major field of study. Forth, I subdivide the 102 articles with regard to the method of research employed. Fifth, I classify the 212 members of The Korean Society for Medical Ethics into moral philosopher, medical scientist, legal scholar, educator, and nurse. In addition, I show how many articles they produce and how much they contribute to the development of medical ethics. Finally, this article provides a philosophical critique of the concept of “medical ethics.” I argue that one should not confuse the ethical study of medical practice with the academic study of medical ethics; the first examines medical ethics philosophically; the other involves legal, political, and social studies.
  • 6.

    Ethical Issues in Embryonic Research

    In-Hoe Ku | 2009, 12(3) | pp.287~302 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The concept of personhood is central to the ethical issues surrounding embryonic research. The fundamental questions are “When does human life begin?” and “From which stage of development should the embryo be protected?” These questions cannot be answered merely through scientific research but instead require reasoned reflection and argumentation. In this article I argue that all human beings must be protected from the moment of conception. The protection of human life must not depend on value judgments or selection criteria such as stages of development or grades of humanity.