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pISSN : 2005-8284 / eISSN : 2234-3598

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2010, Vol.13, No.3

  • 1.

    Advance directives in Korea and other countries

    KIM Shinmi | Young-Seon Hong | Kim HyunSook | 2010, 13(3) | pp.193~204 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract PDF
    Advanced directives (AD) facilitate communication between patients, family members, and health care providers regarding the care of patients who can longer communicate for themselves. However, in Korea, the notion of “advance directives” has never been regarded as a legally endorsed expression of the patient’s intention. This article reviews the historic background and content of AD legislation in several countries, revealing the advantages and disadvantages of each type of AD. Additionally, this article argues that culturally sensitive and user-friendly AD legislation is urgently needed in South Korea.
  • 2.

    An Examination of the Current Legislation and Policies Concerning the Use of ART in Korea

    Eun-Ae Kim | 2010, 13(3) | pp.205~227 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The Korean Bioethics and Safety Act contains specific laws concerning the buying and selling of gametes, egg donations, and compensation for egg donors. This legislation helps to protect the human rights of those who use assisted reproductive technology (hereafter, ART). However, this article argues that the laws outlined in the Bioethics and Safety Act are insufficient to deal with all of the ethical and policy issues raised by the use of ART. Additional laws or policies are needed to establish good criteria for the number of embryos created in ART procedures, limitations (if any) on surrogate parenting and posthumous reproduction, the exact requirements of informed consent, and procedures enabling individuals to determine how their embryos or gametes are used.
  • 3.

    Biological scientists' perception and attitudes on ethical issues of stem cell research

    김희정 | 2010, 13(3) | pp.229~242 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study examines the attitudes, experiences, current situations, and educational needs of researchers in the life sciences in order to develop an educational program for stem cell related research ethics. Method: A total of 275 researchers in the life sciences participated in this study. The instrument used was a self-reporting Likert-type questionnaire consisting of 38 assumptions related to ethical issues in stem cell research. Result: The average score of subjects’ attitudes toward stem cell research was 3.26±0.50. The items that received a positive response were ‘Informed consent,’ the ‘Moral superiority of adult stem cell research,’ and the ‘Ethical control of science.’ Items showing a negative response were ‘Prohibitions on the use of remaining fetal tissue,’ ‘Restrictions on the replication of animals,’ and ‘Prohibitions on hESC research.’ Age, gender, and religion were found to influence attitude scores. Additionally, only 37.8% of respondents had received some form of stem cell ethics education, but most agreed with the need for such education. Conclusion: Stem cell researchers should identify ethical problems related to stem cell research in each specialized area within the life sciences. Furthermore, there is a need to develop well-designed and integrated stem cell ethics education programs for stem cell researchers and students in the life sciences and medicine.
  • 4.

    Attitude on Biomedical Ethics in a Tertiary Hospital Nurses

    Kim, Eun Hee | LEE, EUN JOO | Sung-Jung, Hong | 2010, 13(3) | pp.243~254 | number of Cited : 24
    Abstract PDF
    This study was conducted to identify the bioethical attitude of nurses working in a tertiary hospital. Data were collected from 208 nurses who agreed to participate in the study and analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Scheffé test, and pearson’s correlation. Mean score of bioethical attitude of the subjects was 2.88±0.23 and slightly took up for the position of deontology. Especially, in the areas of right to life fetus, organ transplantation, right to life newborn, artificial insemination, artificial abortion, and euthanasia were more took up for the position of deontology than brain death and human biotechnology. Those who were older,moderate economic level, firm ethical attitudes, the intent to attend class on biomedical ethics, and the possibility of increasing ethical problems according to the development of the life science took up for more deontological position than those who were not. In addition, in the areas of right to life fetus, prenatal diagnosis of fetus, right to life newborn, euthanasia, artificial insemination,organ transplantation, human biotechnology, brain death, and artificial abortion were all significantly correlated each other.
  • 5.

    The Concepts and Discussions about Medical professionalism in Korea.

    Kang Yune Sik | 2010, 13(3) | pp.255~261 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    There are high dissatisfactions and crisis perceptions about socioeconomic status of physicians among Korean physicians. Determining which is profession distinguished from general occupations is not easy, meanwhile theoretical and systematic knowledge, professional ethics and society, service-oriented trait and high job autonomy are general characteristics of profession. considering these characteristics, Physicians are typical profession in Korea. There are two different perspectives about physician as a profession. First is structural functionalism. In this perspective, medical knowledge itself implies the legitimation of medical profession and its social status. In contrast, social status of medical profession is determined by the way how medical knowledge is constructed socially rather medical knowledge itself in perspective of confliction theory. High job pride and low ethical consciousness, sensitivity for group interest and insufficient social contact skill, confusion about job identity and anxiety for the future are current situation of Korean physicians roughly. Nowadays, reflective education about society and medicine, humanistic training for understanding of human and medicine is required in training of physicians in medical school. One reason to discuss about medical professionalism is to get trust from general citizens and to have a rational status of medical profession through it. This can not be achist d by short-term remedies, but is a long term work can be done by reflections and efforts of all medical doctors. Therefore, the issue of medical professionalism should be pursued and discussed thoroughly and the future of Korean physicians status would be influenced deeply by these activities.