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pISSN : 2005-8284 / eISSN : 2234-3598

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 1.31
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2020, Vol.23, No.1

  • 1.

    Raising the Social Perception of Nursing and Proposing Its Methods in the Perspective of Heroism

    Lee, Young-Jun | Hwang Lee | 2020, 23(1) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article aims to study how to improve the social perception on nurses by exploring the relationship between nursing and heroism. Heroism science regards nursing as heroic by nature and encourages nurses to understand and carry out their potential through a recognition of heroic acts in nursing. Accepting such perspective, we claim that the awareness of nursing as heroism should be deeply permeated into our society because it helps nurses recover high self-esteem and reestablish their identity, act more courageously, and ultimately boost social wellness. And hero training contents or programs in nursing and legal safeguards for heroic acts of nurses are needed to be created and operated, and additionally, everyday nurse heroes should be actively discovered and widely known to the public.
  • 2.

    A Study on Policy Measures for Non-compliance with Institutional Bioethics Committees

    Eunjoo Chung | Sujin Baik | 2020, 23(1) | pp.19~37 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Since 2013, with the expansion of Institutional Bioethics Committees (IBCs), the ethical review and management of research on human subjects has greatly increased throughout South Korea. During this same time, a number of ethical lapses, including certain researchers failing to comply fully with the law or making false statements on their IBC applications, have attracted media attention. Although these scandals have helped to highlight the importance of ethical guidelines in research on human subjects, they have been quickly forgotten and have not led to any lasting changes or solutions. In order to prevent these incidents from occurring, new policy proposals are needed. Among these should be a plan to improve the IBC review/approval process in order to ensure that all research-related activities, from the beginning to the end of the research cycle, follow proper guidelines. Toward that goal, this article examines, and makes recommendations concerning the IBC review/approval process, which is the starting point of responsible research. The article examines the purpose and limitations of the Bioethics and Safety Act, reviews domestic and foreign laws and policies on IBC review duties, with a focus on 45CFR46 in the US, and finally suggests measures that could be adopted to better manage IBC non-compliance in Korea. On this last point, this article makes three recommendations: (1) a preventative measure for strengthening IBC education and related capacities through an IBC governance organization; (2) a measure to link and activate existing policies for research funding at academic institutions; and (3) a measure for registering and sharing research and IBC approval information.
  • 3.

    Understanding the Complementary Relation between Duty Ethics and Virtue Ethics for Medical Practitioners

    Choi WooSok | 2020, 23(1) | pp.39~56 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines the ethics of medical professionals and argues that both duty ethics and virtue ethics are required of them. It is argued that Aristotle’s virtue ethics, which emphasizes practical excellence, does not conflict with Kant’s duty ethics, which holds that ethical conduct is justified on the basis of universal rules; instead, these two approaches to ethics are in fact complementary. The validity of this argument is found in the writings of E. Pellegrino, who believes that medical practitioners are necessarily ethical and that ethical practice is based on two things. First, according to Pellegrino, physicians must respond to the suffering of patients. The reason for this comes from our duty to uphold the dignified right of all human beings to be respected without exception and also from Kant’s categorical imperative, which demands that people be treated as ends-in-themselves rather than simply means to an end. Second, if the dignity of all human beings is important, then the dignity, not only of patients, but also that of medical practitioners, must be upheld. Pellegrino proposes virtue ethics, which requires excellence for the purpose of goodness, as a way of preserving human dignity. Thus, the relationship between physicians and patients should be embodied in the best practical wisdom on the basis of defending universal rules. It is the attitude of the practitioner to respond to the needs of the patient, and this response must be implemented with practical wisdom and respect between the practitioner and the patient. In the end, the professional ethics of Pellegrino is a virtue ethic that embraces duty ethics. According to Pellegrino, a physician’s medical practice is a defense of human dignity and a realization of a better life for individuals and communities. Thus, what is required of medical practitioners is both the categorical imperative and practical wisdom (phronēsis).