An evaluation of the level of moral development of clinical nurses in Korea
This study was conducted to evaluate the level of moral development of clinical nurses in Korea. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires received from 187 clinical nurses in Korea from March 1 to 15, April 2006. The Korean version of the DIT (Rest's Defining Issues Test) was adopted to evaluate levels of moral development, which was measured by the score of P(%) and stage 4. The data were analyzed by a t-test, ANOVA. The results were as follows: 1) The mean score of P(%) and stage 4 was 39.66 (SD=13.34) and 16.20 (SD=8.12) respectively; 2) The score of P(%) revealed significant differences by marital status, nursing ethics education, and employment rank; 3) The score of stage 4 revealed significant differences by age, education level, birthplace, employment rank, and amount of clinical experience. In conclusion, while nursing ethics education should be helpful for enhancing nurses' moral development, this study suggests that it is necessary to develop the content of nursing ethics education and to evaluate its effectiveness.
key words : moral development, nursing ethics education, Rest's Defining Issues Test