A study of Chronology on the Sinri klin of Ori, Gijang
A research of earth surface was conducted by me from February to July 2007 on the subject of ancient formation of ceramic art villages at Gijang county, Busan. The research, though it was just a survey of earth surface, is a significant work since no research has been conducted till now concerning pottery at Gijang area and reported officially to the learned circles.
From the pottery located at Sinri village of Ori was discovered ‘design of lotuses and arabesques,’ an important pattern frequently appeared at ‘Cheongja Sanggam Daejeop’ (celadon porcelain inlaid bowl) in the 14th century. Also found are such patterns as ‘design of willows,’ ‘design of reeds’ and ‘design of cliuds and cranes’.
The mentioned pottery was marred by posterity, so observation of his remained structure has become difficult. However, I decided that with the recovered slices, chronological research of the three remains is worth trying, so I brought them up as the object of my study.
To determine the production period of the potteries, I first reviewed the kinds and techniques of production, together with patterns and abnormalities of the slices. Bowls and dishes were focal points of my survey as they are kinds that have been recovered most so far. Other items such as ceramic slices and kiln tools were also investigated. I have divided the remains into daily tableware and religious utensils. However, I have encountered limitation in studying the whole composition of pattern since most of the excavated slices were small sized. Nonetheless, I have classified them into main pattern and subordinate pattern based on general composition of patterns and their locations as well as their appearing ratio. As for production skill, I observed cutting shape of ‘Yutae’(special oil painting) and bottom of the slices, their firing technique, whether they are ‘Gapbeon’ (high-grade product) or ‘Pogae Gui’ fired one, and what material was used as prop. As a result of my observing the ceramic slices from Gijang area, I came to know that the most prominent features of the three potteries lie in ‘design of lotuses and arabesques’ celadon porcelains from Sinri potteries, and the utensil production for religious service.
Through the above analysis, along with study of documentary records and comparison with other remains that were recovered from stable stratum or bearing dates, I could surmise the specific production period of each pottery. In particular, I could estimate production period of ceramic kilns at Sinri villages of Ori by comparing them with the season, authorities, land and chronological era inscribed at celadon porcelain, as well as abnormalities and patterns of the remains.
As the result of my research I conclude that the pottery at Sinri village of Ori began production of ceramics at a period between 1350〜1370.