A Comparative study of the Physical Constitution between Yeanri Bones, Mongolian and Uzbekistan
Materials of the study are measurements of 431 pieces in all. consisting of 30 pieces human bones from Yeanri(Age of the Three Kingdoms) in Korea, 22 pieces of Scythian, 149 pieces of Mongolian and 230ieces of Uzbekistan human bones are used. These data directly examined by the author. With all these materials, 30 cranial measurements were obtained and then compared using 9 cranial indices(M8/1, M17/1, M17/8, M47/45, M47/46, M48/45, M48/46, M52/51, M54/55). Other was used by the Principal Component analysis and Cluster analysis in Dendrogram. Based on the measurements, heights were presumed using Pearson's formula and compared with heights of modern Koreans. Analysis of the results, 1. In the skull measurements of Uzbeks, it seems that the skulls of both males and females are in the process of change from long cranial to short cranial in terms of the longer-breadth index (M8/1) in cranial. 2. The principal component analysis, however, indicates that Uzbeks in the Bronze Age are distantly related to those in the Middle and Modern Ages. 3.In particular, males in the Bronze Age show physical characteristics that are remarkably different from those of males in different ages of Uzbekistan in Virchow's total facial index (M47/46) and nasal index (M54/55). 4. In contrast to males, however, females in the Bronze Age seem to be closely related to those in the other ages of Uzbekistan in their physical characteristics. As a result, the former are in close proximity to the latter in Virchow's total facial index(M47/46) and the principal component analysis. 5. Consequently, it can be said that the physical characteristics of Uzbek females have undergone continuous developments, while keeping their original essence, in the course of time from the Bronze Age to the Modern Age. In contrast, there seem to be no such continuation of physical characteristics in case of males. The nasal index(M52/51L) makes this claim more plausible. 6. When compared with most Mongolians and people of Yeanri of Korea, Uzbeks are totally different, as there are great differences between the two groups in orbital index(M52/51) and nasal index(52/51L).