The purpose of this study is to contemplate the implication of Dosanseodang of Toegye as an educational space in humanistic education. So far, Korean education has neglected to pay much attention to the educational environment, especially the physical space. Instead, the economical efficiency has mainly been focused; especially, the spatial efficiency of school buildings which are basic to the educational space.
Even though school curriculum and teaching methods are theoretically close enough to perfect, the lack of the educational space results in the failure of education. As an alternative, thus, this study considers Dosanseodang of Toegye in its educational aspect.
Dosanseodang had been built in Toegye’s old age, and his philosophy of education was involved in it. Unlike Dosan Seowon, Dosanseodang has a horizontal hierarchy. Its meanings as an educational space are as follows; first is a place for ‘learning to become a sage(We-Gi-Ji-Hak)’; second for ‘enjoying in nature (San-Lim-Gee-Rak)’; and third for ‘beautiful end of life(Gun-Ja- You-Jong)’. With this, the link between Dosanseodang and its place for humanistic education will be also dealt with as follows; first, as a place for a life of meditation; second, for timely life(See-Jung-Juck); and third for a harmonious communication in life.
Egression, profundity, concealment are three key words to understand Toegye’s life. Regression is a word that expresses Toegye’s intention hoping to live a cloistered life. Profundity is a practical action of Regression. Concealment is the completion of ‘rural life’ through the consistent interaction of both regression and profundity. Finally, Toegye’s life is to enjoy the united harmony with the earth, the sky and nature