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2015, Vol., No.56

  • 1.

    A Search for a Communication-Oriented Future Education Based on a Survey of Korean and German School Teachers

    김현철 | Jin-Heon Jung | 2015, (56) | pp.1~33 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines classroom cultures of German and South Korean secondary schools in comparative perspectives. It aims to retrospect current education systems in the context of local specificities, and contribute to the present discussions on future education. We analyze survey results that are collected from German and Korean teachers respectively. The questionnaire includes questions about such themes as communication, talented people, and future education. The similarities and differences in each category are interpreted in cultural relativist perspective that appreciates different historical and cultural contexts of each country. Eventually, this article introduces the ‘desk group’ system that constitutes and sustains the essential philosophical ideas of the German school. It is argued that communication is key content and method by which the desk group is operated among not only students in classroom but also teachers and parents to achieve both individual oriented learning and teamwork experiences constituting a sustainable classroom culture.
  • 2.

    Vision and Policy Direction in Educational Field of Korea in 2045

    JongHyun Son | 2015, (56) | pp.35~68 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to explore the future vision and policy direction in the educational fields of Korea in the next 30 years. This study starts from a diagnosis that the 'basics of education' are being destroyed seriously and has fallen far behind today in comparison with the rapid advance of the rest fields in society. The term 'basics of education' refers to the belief that humans develop through experiences of ‘subject immersion’―a state of absolute concentration on various subjects. This viewpoint suggests that humans have abilities to convert their life experiences into certain types of knowledge, and to allow participants of educational fields with great autonomy in educational planning. According to this view, education involves a system which provides everyone with opportunities to cultivate abilities and attitudes to work in each proper field. Here, the purpose of the future educational strategy lies in improving the educational power of schools. This study attempt to investigate future vision for education on the foundation of 'educational logic' rather than political, economical logic. The future vision is to construct an 'educational society'. Criticizing the approach with methodology of futurologists, this study sets forth a world view, in which it is the educational society that regulates economic society eventually. By emphasizing on 'subject immersion and 'educational power of schools', we can make clear that schools are social organizations to plan the experiences of subject immersion for all students in all circumstances, and that educational society shall be established with the structure to create the educational power of schools. This study suggests policies to improve learning abilities, to recover the educational power of schools, to manage the institutional connection between secondary education and higher education, to maintain the strong relation between education and the ability to function successfully in each field of work and finally, to build a bridge between schools and local culture. These policy directions will first reinstate the destroyed basics of education and ultimately become an institutional mechanism to lead substantial changes for educational society.
  • 3.

    A Research on Future Education Development Strategies in China

    임효례 | 2015, (56) | pp.69~118 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Education is a driving force of social development. Knowledge and talents play a key role especially in today's knowledge-based economy society. The role of education is becoming more and more important. In order to take the initiative in the heated international competitions, some of the major countries are reviewing the educational development strategies, formulating the education development strategies based on their national conditions, and launching an 'Education Strategies'. The Government of China pushing reform and opening up since 1990s, meeting the needs in various periods of socio-economic development and coming up to the educational expectations, issued a series of policies and regulations to promote educational reform and development, which reflects China's educational development and strategic thinking in certain historical period. The paper has carried out a more comprehensive research and analysis on 'Development Strategy of Quality Education', 'Development Strategy of Education Fairness', and 'Development Strategy of Vocational Education' established by the Chinese Government which contain the historical background, strategic targets, the process of establishment, and the future tendencies of development. Under three big criteria, namely 'the need of social development', 'the experiences of advanced nations, and 'the research and awareness of the academic scholars', the paper predicts that 'Information Education Development Strategy' and 'Lifelong Education Development Strategy will be the future education trend in China. Educational development strategies of China mentioned in this essay can allow us to make better sense to what the Chinese education do.
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  • 5.

    The Future of American Education: Trends, Strategies, & Realities

    Peter G. Ghazarian | Sungho Kwon | 2015, (56) | pp.147~177 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The development and integration of new technologies into society are changing the way we live, work, and learn. In the face of this transformation, the old industrial model for education has failed to effectively prepare students for the realities of contemporary life. This study considers how the United States of America is reforming public education to better prepare itself for further social change. Using the three most prevalent approaches to education as the unit of analysis, the study considers the present and future for education in the United States via a trends analysis and cyclical pattern analysis. The study finds that regardless of whether the current balance of power persists or shifts, further data-driven decision making, centralization, and an emphasis on skills over knowledge are likely for the future of education in the United States. To what degree that political developments lead the US towards a highly stratified, marketized and diverse system of public education or an individualized, holistic, and populist public education system remains to be seen.
  • 6.

    The Critique of the Comtemporary Learning and The sole purpose of Sage Learning

    Yoo-Jin Kwak | 2015, (56) | pp.179~192 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to study the meaning of the sage learning[聖學] through the critique of the modern-learning[物學]. In this paper I explore a framework of sage learning on T’oegye’s Ten Diagrams[聖學十 圖] text. The sage learning intends to carry the complementary practices of nurturing self. The Mindfulness[敬], the central theme of learning of the mind-and-heart[心學] lies in the doing. In contemporary education, the main discourse is the modern-learning imported from the west. The modern-learning[物學] fails to bring up wise human beings to know how to practice what they have learned. The reason of this situation is the absence of learning of the mind-and-heart on the modern-learning discourse. It reflects a need for the traditional twofold process of studying which means the learning of the mind-and-heart and principles things and nature. The sole purpose of the sage learning is becoming truly natural with self-mastery of the mind in daily life.
  • 7.

    A Challenge to Character Education in Korea: Conceptual Shift Learning From Rudolf Steiner

    Kim Yu-ra | 2015, (56) | pp.193~209 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The research on character education has been actively done with an interest in character education, and teachers try to practice character education in school. Recently character education direction in Korea is to expand the hours of ‘character education’. The pan subject areas of national curriculum is added to ‘character education’, many programs for character education have been developed. Teachers take efforts to teach ‘character’ to students with a variety of theories and programs. However, since good character has made with one subject of ‘character education’, when character education is integrated with knowledge education in the whole process of education curriculum, students will grow up to be whole persons. This study is to learn character education from Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy in terms of Korea’s practice of character education. Steiner’s character education to be in harmony with the world will provide many implications in the practice of our character education.
  • 8.

    Indoctrination and its Educational Possibilities

    KIM JEONG-NAE | Kim Hyun | 2015, (56) | pp.211~239 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    To find out the educational possibilities of indoctrination, the paper has tried to examine two aspects of it: the negative and the affirmative one. And then the political and the religious spheres as well as the educational situation have been reviewed for establishing rooms for the positive features of it. Some philosophers’s main points of indoctrination have also been examined in the process of arguments, which are works by Hare, Wilson, Snook, Atkinson, and so on. As a result of examination, some aspects of indoctrination can be approved as desirable in the process of education. Particularly, the teacher’s modelling and imparting should be seriously taken into account. These cannot be regarded merely as necessary evils to ‘well-teaching’, but as necessary requirements for achieving the desirable state, a conceptual constituent of ‘education’.
  • 9.

    A Study on the essence of Learning: Focused on Analects of Confucius

    Park, Man-Sung | 2015, (56) | pp.241~270 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to explore the meaning of learning presented in the Analects of Confucius. The Korean education mainly focuses on memorisation is devastating to the lives of students. And it has created an educational environment that is focused on value of means rather than essential purpose of education. Student’s learning has been recognized as labor and as means for obtaining a job. The purpose of their learning is success in life. It is also natural for parents to look for a ranking that compares schools and test scores. Most ordinary students are studying hard without knowing what they really like. Only it is determined within the social structure created by others for their own lives. Even though It is very difficult to learn but they have to endure. In the first chapter of the Analects of Confucius, it says that “learning is pleasant”, however, it doesn’t say what learning is about. So, look at the Lunyujizhu, which reveals the knowledge on the Bokgichyo. It is to recover one’s own nature, and it is in this state you obtained infinite spiritual freedom. In the Analects of Confucius, Learning target is his own and learning is self-realization. It is also humanization for learning in an ontological sense. The way of human being of an ontological sense will be obtained the Rén. It will be acquired in the near routine. If you want to practice Rén, it is revealed on the spot. Because Rén is in the mind. The acquisition of it refers to the character building. And it reveals the attitude to enjoy the life. it is specifically mentioned in the Confucious, Anyeon, Chu Tzu of the dialogues. The Confucian learning through each of the dialogues has found that self-cultivation and pleasure are obtained at the same time. Confucious, Chu Tzu, of Anyeon the pleasure is presented to us next. It is the basis of learning and opens up a new horizon of learning. Today, we should practice the spirit of learning presented in the Analects of Confucius. And it has to change a new paradigm for learning. We should learn how to enjoy the pleasures of existence. It should be pleasure to learn. We will have to open up new horizons of learning that includes internal self-cultivation.
  • 10.

    An Exploration of the Significance of Early Childhood Music Education in 「Yuelun」 of Xun zi and Lushichunqiu

    안세정 | Kim, Eunju | 2015, (56) | pp.271~304 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study observes 「Yuelun」 of Xun zi and Lushichunqiu and explored the significance they have on infant music education. Research regarding infant music education is mostly focused on actual contents so there is not a lot of philosophical observation into it. As 「Yuelun」 of Xun zi and Lushichunqiu deal with the independent side of music, they allow the observation of Eastern musical theory and studying this has significance. At this, the significance of infant music education found in 「Yuelun」 of Xun zi and Lushichunqiu is as follows. Infant music education must be enjoyable and it must be done in harmony with nature as its base. Also, infant music education must allow participants to mix together and it must be conducted with good music. Like this, observations of two pieces of literature which offer various ideas about music broaden the philosophical prospects of music as they offer many implications for infant music education.
  • 11.

    Character Education and Dosanseodang(陶山書堂) as an Educational Space : Implications and Considerations

    이인철 | 2015, (56) | pp.305~335 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to contemplate the implication of Dosanseodang of Toegye as an educational space in humanistic education. So far, Korean education has neglected to pay much attention to the educational environment, especially the physical space. Instead, the economical efficiency has mainly been focused; especially, the spatial efficiency of school buildings which are basic to the educational space. Even though school curriculum and teaching methods are theoretically close enough to perfect, the lack of the educational space results in the failure of education. As an alternative, thus, this study considers Dosanseodang of Toegye in its educational aspect. Dosanseodang had been built in Toegye’s old age, and his philosophy of education was involved in it. Unlike Dosan Seowon, Dosanseodang has a horizontal hierarchy. Its meanings as an educational space are as follows; first is a place for ‘learning to become a sage(We-Gi-Ji-Hak)’; second for ‘enjoying in nature (San-Lim-Gee-Rak)’; and third for ‘beautiful end of life(Gun-Ja- You-Jong)’. With this, the link between Dosanseodang and its place for humanistic education will be also dealt with as follows; first, as a place for a life of meditation; second, for timely life(See-Jung-Juck); and third for a harmonious communication in life. Egression, profundity, concealment are three key words to understand Toegye’s life. Regression is a word that expresses Toegye’s intention hoping to live a cloistered life. Profundity is a practical action of Regression. Concealment is the completion of ‘rural life’ through the consistent interaction of both regression and profundity. Finally, Toegye’s life is to enjoy the united harmony with the earth, the sky and nature
  • 12.

    The Professionalism Ideology Objection Concerning Child Care Teachers' Education

    Lee Joo Ha | 2015, (56) | pp.337~360 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the professionalism ideology objection concerning Child Care Teachers' Education, The sense of ideology seeks to capture that of a general framework that shapes individuals consciousness, guides and legitimates belief and action, and renders experience meaningful, On “pejorative: sense of ideology,” and ideology is something undesirable and to be overcome. Closely related to this politically oppressive, the professionalism ideology concerning child care makes presuppose that professional achievement of Child Care Teachers' Education is evaluated lowly in nature, and serve to legitimate unjustifiably the status quo. Consequently, on this progress of professionalism ideology, this ideology introduces speciality in terms of academic career and schooling. The significant element in the conception of professionalism, in child care, is the discovery that love, consideration, and commitment for child care are integrally bound up with professionalism.
  • 13.

    The Reconceptualization of The Knowledge of Constructivism -Exploring the Educational phenomenon of korean society-

    Chung, Seok-Hwan | Jung Sung soo | 2015, (56) | pp.361~389 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Constructivism of knowledge introduced to resolve problems resided in traditional theory of knowledge. Previous Constructivism theory of knowledge related studies focused mainly on justifying their own theory. However, the study wasn't good enough to prove whether it resolved the problems when Constructivism theory of knowledge was adapted to an educational course. This study analyzed and proved the background where Constructivism theory of knowledge was introduced to Korean education. Also, it discussed the educational implication after surveying how structural theory of knowledge applied educational viewpoint has been functioning in current Korean education system. A result of this study suggests that educational programs based on Constructivism theory of knowledge has been carried out while various problems caused by the traditional theory of knowledge in education system has not been fixed. Educational problems caused by traditional theory of knowledge that structuralism criticized is still taking place in the field. It is about time to make transitions in views on studies related to educational philosophy. Which means it should change into studies regarding information in social use rather than studies on its types or application methods. It is important to change the study into fundamental cause to be used socially and reduce educational errors took place repetitively so far.