The primary aim of this study is to find out Laozi’s philosophy of learning, such as the purpose of learning, the way to learn. Laozi had very negative stance on acquiring knowledge at ancient school, he said “if you stop learning, you will not be worried any more”, and “You should maintain the attitude you are not learned man, if you are an learned one”. so there little has been known about Laozi's philosophy of learning without his stance.
We researched Laozi's philosophy of learning through the Taoteching, found out very concrete one. In Taoteching, Laozi presented “Brightness” as a purpose of learning and three specific way to learn, “See the subtle”, “Know thyself and see others' point of view”, “See from the perspective of harmony”.
“Brightness” means a clear understanding of the nature of nature and human relationship “See the subtle” means that focusing on the minute nearly hard to find out, because almost accident, like a safety incident or structure collapse, begins with a very small crack and the upheaval, such as war or industrial revolution, begins with a very tiny changes.
“Know thyself” means understanding exactly what you want to do and taking a look at weather you are in pursuit that. “See others' point of view” means in your point, you can only understand the words and actions of others, but in others' point of view, you can understand their reason. thus if you know thyself and see others' point of view you can get to clear understanding of human relationship “See from the perspective of harmony” means understanding the principle that an opposition things, like life and death, high and low, long and short, are exist correlated, affecting and changing each other.
Laozi said that is knowing harmony and that make someone get to clear understanding The natural and the human world.
Laozi’s philosophy is fit for adult learning, because it is aims to reach ‘Brightness’ Through understanding of the world, not aimed at competition or memorization for evaluation. also ways to learn can give many lessons to fundamental education, cultural education and vocational education.