Korean | English

pISSN : 2233-5560 / eISSN : 2671-5554

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.81
Home > Explore Content > Current Issue

2021, Vol.11, No.2

All Issues
  • 1.

    A Systematic Literature Review of Factors Associated with Health-related Quality of Life among Residents in Earthquake-hit Areas

    Eun-Mi Kim | Gwang Suk Kim | 2021, 11(2) | pp.75~91 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This systematic literature review was conducted to organize and analyze the factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for adults and vulnerable elderly in earthquake-hit areas. Methods: Based on the guidelines of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) and National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency (NECA), a literature search was conducted in nine electronic databases, gray literature, and other sources. Methodological quality was assessed using Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) by two researchers independently. Factors associated with HRQOL were extracted and categorized into sub-domains of the theory of HRQOL developed by Wilson and Cleary (1995). Results: Of the 432 studies screened, 30 meeting the criteria were analyzed-24 on adults and six on the elderly. Extracted factors associated with HRQOL were as follow; age, sex, living condition, injury, depression, and physical illness, etc. were associated with HRQOL for both adults and aged. Social right, social activity decline, adaptation, and resilience were associated with HRQOL for adults, while activities of daily living were associated with HRQOL for the elderly. The extracted factors were categorized into individual characteristics, environmental characteristics, physiological factors, symptoms, and functional status. Conclusion: In this review, factors associated with HRQOL for adults and the elderly in earthquake-hit areas were extracted and summarized. Community healthcare providers and community leaders could use these as evidence to formulate disaster management interventions and policies for vulnerable populations.
  • 2.

    Relationships between Perception of Nurses Communication Styles and Satisfaction among Family Members of Critically Ill Patients

    Lee, Jin-Young | KIM HWASOON | 2021, 11(2) | pp.92~101 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the relationships between family members’ perception of nurses communication styles and family satisfaction. Methods: This study adopted a descriptive correlational design. Participants were 118 family members of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The following data were collected using questionnaires: general characteristics of participant, nurses’ communication styles, and satisfaction of critically ill patients’ family members. Results: The mean±standard deviation scores for informative, affiliative, and authoritative communication styles were 4.33±0.65, 4.06±0.73, and 1.73±0.80, respectively. There were no significant differences as per critically ill patients’ characteristics. However, family members’ satisfaction differed significantly by age. Family satisfaction sub-dimension scores on satisfaction with decision-making (F=3.36, p=.021) and care (F=3.33, p=.022) were significantly higher among family members under 40 than those between 40 and 49 years. Correlation coefficients among major variables were statistically significant (r=-.25 to r=.81), particularly those of nurses’ informative and affiliative communication styles with family satisfaction were higher than moderate. Conclusion: Thus, these results indicate that nurses in ICU should communicate using informative and affiliative styles to improve the satisfaction among family members of critically ill patients. For this purpose, all medical staff, especially, nurses and physicians should be provided with appropriate communication styles practice and continuous education on interaction with family members of ICU patients.
  • 3.

    Relationship between the Paternal-Fetal Attachment and the Spouses’ Stress related to Hospitalization of High-Risk Pregnant Women

    Moon, Soo Ju | Kang, Kyoungrim | Kim, Myung Hee | 2021, 11(2) | pp.102~111 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study analyzed the associations between spouses’ stress related to the hospitalization of high-risk pregnant (HRP) women and paternal-fetal attachment (PFA). Methods: We recruited 113 spouses of HRP women who had been hospitalized in the maternal-fetal intensive care unit in two tertiary hospitals. Data were collected from May 10 to December 23, 2019 using a 35-item questionnaire, which measured the spouses’ stress related to the hospitalization of their HRP wife, and the Korean version of the PFA scale. Results: Spouses’ stress related to the hospitalization of HRP women showed a score of 1.92±0.42 out of 4, and “emotional problems” had the highest score among the subcategories. PFA showed a score of 4.31±0.52 out of 5, and “parental behavioral change” had the lowest score among the subcategories. A significant negative correlation was found between spouses’ stress related to the hospitalization of their HRP wife and PFA. Among the subcategories of spouses’ stress, communication and support resources (r=-.39, p<.001), hospital environment (r=-.33, p<.001), emotional problems (r=-.27, p= .004), and family life and financial problems (r=-.21, p=.026) showed significantly negative correlations, while illness, prognosis, and the treatment showed no correlations. Conclusion: To reduce spouses’ stress related to the hospitalization of HRP women, they should be guided on carrying out direct interactive activities with the fetus from conception and throughout the pregnancy to strengthen PFA. Furthermore, regarding illness, prognosis, and treatment, accurate and detailed explanations should be provided to the spouses by the medical staff.
  • 4.

    Impact of Self-compassion, Active Coping, and Passive Coping on Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction of Nurses at Veterans’ Hospitals

    Lee, Boram | Ahn, Sukhee | 2021, 11(2) | pp.112~122 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study was conducted to present the levels of self-compassion, active coping, passive coping, and compassion fatigue and satisfaction, and explore the influence of self-compassion, active coping, and passive coping on compassion fatigue and satisfaction among nurses working at veterans’ hospitals. Methods: A correlational study design was used. The respondents were 148 staff nurses who had worked for more than a year in the general ward of four veterans’ hospitals in Korea. Data were collected from March to April 2019 via a self-administered questionnaire. Results: The respondents’ mean age was 31.49±6.85 and clinical experience 8.82±6.67 years. While compassion fatigue was significantly higher in nurses having veterans in the family (t=-2.59, p=.010), compassion satisfaction was significantly higher in those aged 41 and above (F=4.18, p=.018), married (t=-2.38, p=.018), having a higher monthly income (t=-2.59, p=.010), and having a hobby (t=-3.34, p=.001). There was a significant relationship between compassion fatigue and satisfaction (r=.21, p=.010). Regression analysis showed that the compassion fatigue score was higher when nurses had veterans in the family(β=.21, t=2.68, p=.008), with a 4.8% explained variance. Nurses engaging in more active coping (β=.34, t=3.70, p<.001) and less passive coping (β=-.24, t=-2.89, p=.004), and having a hobby (β=.19, t=2.50, p=.013) reported higher levels of compassion satisfaction. Conclusion: More active coping and less passive coping impacted compassion satis�faction significantly. Thus, there is a need to provide support to nurses so that they can utilize effective ways of coping with stress to improve their compassion satisfaction.
  • 5.

    Factors Affecting the Job Performance of Health Center Nurses

    Lee, Su Jin | NamHee Park | 2021, 11(2) | pp.123~131 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors influence the job performance of health center nurses. Methods: Data was collected from September 9 to 20, 2020. The participants were 169 health center nurses in city B, C, J and K in Gyeongsangnam-do. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using IBM/SPSS/WIN 25.0 by applying t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. Results: Participants' emotional labor, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job performance were scored on a 5-point scale. The average scores were 3.14 for emotional labor, 3.05 for job satisfaction, 3.28 for organizational commitment, and 3.34 for work performance. The factor influencing participants’ job performance was organizational commitment, and the explanatory power of theses variables for job performance was 22.6%. Conclusion: This study confirmed that health center nurses’ organizational commitment affected their job performance. Thus, to improve their job performance, it is necessary to accurately assess their organizational commitment and develop and apply various interventions and programs.
  • 6.

    Application and Effectiveness of a Positive Emotions Reinforcement Program for Emergency Room Nurses

    Moon, Geum Ju | Yun, Jungmi | Ha, Ju-Young and 2other persons | 2021, 11(2) | pp.132~143 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effectiveness of a positive emotions reinforcement program for emergency room (ER) nurses. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted from August 2016 to April 2017. Participants were assigned into two groups: experimental (n=17) and control (n=17). The experimental group underwent a five-week positive emotions reinforcement program-its weekly 120-minute sessions covered an understanding of compassion fatigue, diagnosing one’s own stress level, changing one’s perspectives on stress, enhancing positive emotions, changing thoughts through mindfulness, and seeking one’s own strength. Positive psychological capital, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, and job satisfaction were investigated. Data were analyzed by x 2 test, independent t-test, and paired t-test using the SPSS program. Results: The experimental group showed higher positive psychological capital (t=3.50, p=.002), compassion satisfaction (t=2.69, p=.012), and job satisfaction (t=2.69, p=.013), and lower secondary traumatic stress (t=3.68, p=.001) than the control group. Conclusion: The positive emotions reinforcement program for ER nurses had a significant impact on enhancing positive psychological capital, compassion satisfaction, and job satisfaction, and reducing secondary traumatic stress; therefore, it can be used to educate ER nurses. Furthermore, multifaceted efforts by the hospital concerned to strengthen psychological support for these nurses are required.
  • 7.

    Task Importance, Performance, and Job Satisfaction of International Health Care Nurses at General Hospitals

    Byun, Seohyun | Kim, Dong-Hee | 2021, 11(2) | pp.144~155 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study aimed to understand how international health care nurses working at general hospitals across the country rate various parts of their job in terms of importance and what are the factors that determine their job satisfaction. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted on 77 nurses in charge of international patient care. The study duration was more than a year. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire and analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics 25. Results: The average of task importance was 3.75±0.60. The task category “Pre-consultation nursing management” was rated the most important at 4.30±0.64 while “Medical document management” received the lowest score, 3.36±0.85. Among individual tasks, “Checking patient schedules” at 4.44±0.85 scored the highest while the least important task was “Acquiring and managing the equipment necessary for medical treatment”, at 2.95±0.94. In job performance, 84.4% of the nurses performed “Patient counseling” and 80.5% performed “Pre-visit consultation, test reservation, and preparation guide” almost daily. For job satisfaction, “Display of professional competence” scored the highest and “Recognition from the organization and professional achievements” had the lowest score. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop guidelines and training materials for international health care nurses.
  • 8.

    The Importance, Performance and Educational Needs of Nurses in Health Promotion Behaviors

    Kim, Mi Hyun | NamHee Park | 2021, 11(2) | pp.156~165 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the importance and performance of health promotion behaviors for nurses, and identify the educational needs for practicing such behaviors. Methods: In this descriptive study, 129 nurses working at two university hospitals in B city were enrolled. The data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS/WIN 25.0 program. Results: Mean item scores of importance and performance of health promotion behaviors were 3.28±0.39 and 2.37±0.37, respectively. According to the importance-performance analysis matrix, "at least thrice a week for 20 minutes of vigorous exercise", "do light-intensity exercise", and "exercise as much as you can" of physical activity, "balance between working and playing" of health responsibility, "use a special method to control stress" of stress management, and "eat enough vegetables every day" of nutrition fell in the second quadrant (concentrate here). Borich's needs analysis showed that the highest ranked item was physical activity, followed by nutrition, stress management, health responsibility, spiritual growth, and interpersonal relationships. Conclusion: The results of this study can be used as a basis for the development of health promotion programs for nurses in the future.