Journal of Symbols & Sandplay Therapy 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.76

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pISSN : 2093-9728 / eISSN : 2234-0556
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2017, Vol.8, No.2

  • 1.

    Archetypal Symbolism in the Recovery Process from Natural Disaster: Sandplay Therapy of Nepal Earthquake Adolescent Survivors

    Jang, MiKyung | 2017, 8(2) | pp.1~21 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to analyze the process of psychological recovery following earthquakes as well as the archetypal symbolism in the process of sandplay therapy. The study participants were 12 adolescents who had resided for 16 months in a temporary camp for those displaced after the earthquakes in Nepal in 2015. The participants typically created scenes of archetypal invasion (Attacks by snakes, beasts, aliens, monsters and unidentified assailants), earthquakes or the aftermath of earthquakes (Earthquake, destruction of buildings, volcanic explosions), Helping Forces (Emergence of heroes, police, father or outsiders/Soldiers, weapons, and fighting scenes between soldiers and animals/monsters, and bad people Gods), and reconstruction of homes (Construction of a new and good nation), Recovery of Order (Division, well-compartmented strong houses/Peaceful nature, family and home). The religious and cultural in influences on the participants were reflected in their sandpictures and comments that the earthquake was caused by a divine being. Yet at the same time they expressed in archetypal symbols their ability to recover with the help of this divine presence.
  • 2.

    The Effects of Filial Therapy on Families of Children with Cancer: Mother’s Family Functions and Parenting Stress and Children’s Behavior Problems

    이선애 | 2017, 8(2) | pp.23~39 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to carry out a program of filial therapy for mothers of children with cancer that would improve family functions, and to verify whether it was effective in alleviating parenting stress and children’s behavior problems. This study was done as a pretest-posttest control group design. Before the filial therapy program, the experimental group and control group took a pretest about their family function, parenting stress and children's behavior problems. Then the experimental group took part in a filial therapy program and they applied what they learned to their children. Lastly, both the experimental group and control group took a posttest about their family functions, parenting stress and children's behavior problems. In order to determine the efficacy of the study and compare demographical characteristics between the experimental group and the control group; SPSS Statistics V24, t-test verification and cross analysis were conducted. The results were as follows: first of all, family cohesion and family adaptability as a sub-factor of family function were improved; second, suppression and depression as sub-factors of parenting stress were alleviated; third, problems with attention as a sub-factor of behavior problems and other problems were alleviated. These results indicate that filial therapy has a positive effect on mothers of children with cancer, family functions, parenting stress and children’s behavior problems.
  • 3.

    The Symbol of Integration of the Opposite Poles Experienced in the Process of Individuation: Mother

    Kim Kyung Nam | 2017, 8(2) | pp.41~56 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to examine the mother symbol for a female client in her early thirties by focusing on the dream series and sandplay box referred to in the sandplay therapy course. By focusing on the three themes of nurturing mother, ambivalent mother, and terrible mother, this female client integrates the personal unconscious and the mother archetype energy of the collective conscious in an interesting and sincere journey. As a result, it is possible to see how negative mother archetype transforms into creative and positive energy. Sand play therapy, which provides a safe place for the client’s unconscious work, and the mother symbols which appeared in the dream to aid in the healthy self-function of consciousness, helped the client to have appropriate emotional control. It also had a positive effect on improving her physical illness. In addition, this study will examine examples of sandplay of both adults and children, archetypal products and others in order to help understand the three mother symbols. The frequent appearance of the mother figure during the individual process, through the exploration of the inner world, is significant of the many things that need to be resolved within the relationships with one’s own mother and even with the archetypal mother.
  • 4.

    The Effect of Parent Group Sandplay Therapy on the Nepal Earthquake Survivors: Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms, Parenting Stress and Psychological Well-Being of Parents as well as Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Children

    Haegi Hwang | 2017, 8(2) | pp.57~70 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    People who have experienced property damage and loss from the Nepal earthquake in 2015 are living in a temporary tent area. These earthquake survivors experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress and exhibit altered thoughts and behaviors. This study was conducted on parents who reside in the tent city at Chuchepati and who have children aged from 7 to 17. For the group sandplay therapy program, the Impact of Events Scale-Revised, Child Report of Post-traumatic Symptoms, and the Parent Report of Post-traumatic Symptoms were administered. There were 24 individuals who agreed to participate in this study and whose child received 19 or more points from child post-traumatic symptom reports, along with 16 or more points from parent post-traumatic symptom reports, and 33 points from the IES-R. The results of this study indicate that parent group sandplay therapy is effective in reducing the symptoms of post-traumatic stress and parenting stress, and also in enhancing the psychological well-being of parents.