The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of client-centered sandplay therapy on the depression, aggression, and ego development stage of children at a community child center. A total of 12 sessions of client-centered sandplay therapy was conducted with 11 children. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for the homogeneity test, and the Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to verify the differences between the pre-test and post-test data. The depression and aggression in SCT and HTP were examined and the statements of the children and social workers concerned were reviewed. The aspects of Kalff’s ego development stage were also analyzed. The results of the study are as follows: the depression of those who participated in the program was significantly reduced; the aggression was also significantly reduced; the children underwent three levels of ego development stage in order, and each child had a distinctive launching level and speed while undergoing the ego development stage. This study yielded evidence that the client-centered sandplay therapy was effective for children who suffered from depression or aggression.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the themes and images in the sandplay scenes of children who experienced the 2016 Gyeongju earthquake. The subjects of this study were children aged 3 to 6 years, and a total of four sessions of individual sandplay therapy was conducted once a week for 40 minutes per session. The children’s stories were collected and their behaviors were categorized into themes and symbols commonly expressed. We identified a total of seven themes: attack, confusion, protection, precious things, mourning, emptiness, and energy to change. Individual sandplay therapy with the children was found to have a positive effect on their psychological recovery. We observed a decreasing tendency to use figures of soldiers, weapons, and religious spiritual images as they stabilized and their need for protection diminished, while images of construction, building facilities, and treasure increased over time.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the symbolic meaning of the staff from an analytical psychological perspective. The symbol of the staff may be seen as the world tree, as an axis connecting God and man. This is the driving force of individuation, which integrates human unconsciousness and consciousness while discovering and accepting the true Self. Humans realize Self through consciousness of the inner personality by constantly establishing a relationship with the inner world of unconsciousness. They desire to constantly communicate with God, and they want to live a symbolic life through transformation. As a spiritual guide, the staff is an archetype of the therapist. It also contains the meaning of the world tree praying for unity with God in the process of human personification. This study analyzed the staff that has transformed from alchemy to spirit, the staff that symbolizes the call of God in religious terms, the staff of the resurrected symbol that was reborn as the world tree, and the individuality realized through the symbolism of the staff. The symbolic meaning of the staff as a spiritual guide is an indicator of individuation that is constantly reborn by transformation and reproduction.
This study is to investigate the effectiveness of group sandplay therapy on quality of peer relationship and behavioral problems of Korean-Chinese children in China and to interpret meaning of sandpictures made by them. Utilizing a mixed-method design, twelve participants (mean age=11.50 years, 50% females) were assigned to three experiment groups with four participants in each group and another 12 children (mean age=13.50 years, 50% females) were assigned to the control group. A total of 8 sessions of group sandplay therapy were provided 2~3 times per week for 80 minutes per session. The quantitative results indicated that the group sandplay therapy improved quality of peer relationship and decreased behavioral problems. The qualitative results revealed several common themes such as emptiness, disconnection/separation, concealment, hinderance/obstruction, connection, upbringing, integration/adaptation. Limitations as well as implications for future research are discussed.
Keywords : Group Sandplay Therapy, Korean-Chinese adolescents, Quality of Peer Relationship, Behavioral Problems