Journal of Symbols & Sandplay Therapy 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.76

Korean | English

pISSN : 2093-9728 / eISSN : 2234-0556
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2022, Vol.13, No.1

  • 1.

    Jungian Arts-Based Research:What it is, Why do it, and How

    Susan Rowland | 2022, 13(1) | pp.1~34 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Jungian arts-based research (JABR) is opening the therapy room to the whole world. Even more, it is a way of making knowledge using creativity, the imagination, and the unknown psyche or the unconscious, with the wisdom of centuries materialized in art traditions. For here the sandplay is converted into art practice, whether that practice be writing novels or poetry, painting, sculpture, filmmaking, photography, internet games, garden design, music-making or more. Instead of keeping the space sealed off for therapist and patient to be alone, the sandplay of JABR is connected to society, nature, and the cosmos by materializing the psyche in dialogue with art and history. Synchronicities arise and archetypes are summoned into being through art-making that is deliberately poised to invite in the deep psyche. More depth can be generated through Jungian practices such as active imagination and amplification. Indeed, I will figure JABR as a three-stage process consisting of one, preparation with psychic and art matter, two, process inviting in spontaneity and the unknown, and three, reflection using the completed artwork. That artwork works, assumes a place in society independent of the artist. JABR art takes on the valence of Jung’s autonomous psychic image, only here with the material being to exist for centuries, to speak to different cultures, to generate multiple meanings and fixing none. Here JABR unites therapy with knowing and being. It is formational, in gathering what matters in the artist and the work, informational in finding out what is hidden to the conscious psyche, and transformational in offering to the scholar-therapist-artist plus the audience, new ways of being.
  • 2.

    A Scoping Review to Map the Evidence on the Use of Sandplay to Understand the Subjective Experience

    Simona Karpaviciute , Suja Somanadhan , Sandra McNulty and 1 other persons | 2022, 13(1) | pp.35~100 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    An interest in applying creative arts-based research approaches, such as sandplay in the health and social care contexts, is growing worldwide. The aim of our study was to identify the existing studies that use sandplay as a method or intervention and their impact on different target groups in health and social care settings. We conducted this review following the Joanna Briggs Institute’s method for scoping reviews, using Arksey and O’Malley’s five-stage scoping review framework. We conducted a comprehensive search in the CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE Complete and the Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection databases. A search strategy with selected inclusion and exclusion criteria was used to reveal a wide range of evidence. This study included quantitative and qualitative studies published in English from 2009 to 2019. Thirty-two studies formed the final data set and, ultimately, we selected seven published papers for our review. Most of the participants in these studies were children aged from 4 to 17 years. The scoping review highlighted the use of sandplay as a method to express and understand a person’s day to day lived experiences, especially with children. A joyful, accepting, individual centered and positive therapeutic environment reportedly characterized the sandplay sessions. And it was a valuable arts-based approach that positively affected the participants’ mental health and well-being, community building, creative self-expression, self-acceptance, problem solving and empowerment.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Symbols in the Sandplay Therapy of Children in Divorced Families by Age

    Hong, Eunjoo , Kim, Hyoeun | 2022, 13(1) | pp.101~159 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study focused on the sandplay therapy process of 8 children of divorced families by age and analyzed these cases by applying the qualitative case study method according to Stake's(1995) reactive evaluation. We found, first, among the children of divorced families, that the symbol revealed in the sandpictures of the youngest (7-year-old) children was a negative maternal symbol. Second, the symbol revealed in the sandpictures of the next oldest (9-year-old) children was alchemical purification and transformation. Third, the symbol revealed in the sandpictures of children at the end of childhood (11 years old) was self-arrangement and struggle. Fourth, the symbol revealed in the sandpictures of children aged 12 to 13, the early age of adolescents, was the appearance of the paternal circle. The results revealed the development of a masculine consciousness that overcame dependence on motherhood and transitioned into a patriarchal world. In this way, the children of divorced families re-experienced relationships through symbols in the process of sandplay therapy to achieve self-development by age, deconstructing the mental structures, and reaching the stage of self-arrangement, revealing their progress toward growth.
  • 4.

    Jasmine: Feminine healing qualities related to the wisdom of salt - With a focus on sandplay therapy -

    Seohee Park | 2022, 13(1) | pp.161~214 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the symbolism of Jasmine, a character in Disney’s Aladdin films, whose archetype emerged as a compensation for what was lacking in a child’s consciousness through sandplay therapy. To understand the symbolism of Jasmine, this study was conducted regarding Jasmine’s origin and background by watching two films and reading related stories before analyzing the client’s sandpictures. A 7-year-old girl with symptoms of separation anxiety was the client in this study. The symbol of Jasmine, or the feminine healing qualities that help form a relationship through the wisdom of salt, emerged in the client’s sandpictures as the possibility of growth, light of consciousness, healing power, harmony with masculine energy, and a new image of family. The feminine principles that engage in relationships through the wisdom of salt is a value, encompssing us, that penetrates the times. The wisdom is discovered as an outcome of the pain that lead to growth. The sandplay process healed the client’s psychological difficulties while the Jasmine symbol gave her the strength and courage that she needed to form a relationship with the world through a new wisdom of life.
  • 5.

    Art-based Research on Group Sandplay Therapy for Myanmar Refugee Children Staying in Malaysia

    Lee, Yeoreum , Lee, Sehwa , Mikyung Jang and 1 other persons | 2022, 13(1) | pp.215~274 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study is based on the group sandplay therapy that we provided to Burmese Chin children living in Malaysia as ethnic and religious refugees and our analysis of the themes in the children’s sandboxes using an art-based research method. All the participants were Burmese Chin refugee children aged 10 to 13 years old, attending an international refugee school in Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. Participation was voluntary, with written consent from legal guardians. The sample chosen for the study comprised 12 children, with six males in one group and six females in the other group. Altogether, the children took part in five sandplay sessions, which lasted 120 minutes each. During these sessions, all the participants expressed individual the sandtray and then gathered to share and talk about the scenes they had made in the sand. After each session, it construed the children’s sand scenes, imaginative stories and symbolic image from an analytical psychology perspective and categorized the contents by common themes. As a result, six themes emerged: homes taken away, abandoned children, bystanders, safety bases, and liberation/resettlement. Through the sandplay therapy, the refugee children could express their trauma in a safe, supportive environment. Sandplay provided these children with an opportunity to identify their trauma, independently overcome that trauma, and grow.