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pISSN : 1738-463X / eISSN : 2734-0112

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 2.11
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2019, Vol.16, No.2

  • 1.

    Analyses of Environmental and Psychological Factors for Academic Hatred: Focusing on the Senior Students in Korean High Schools

    Minyoung Lee | Jeongho Uhm | KYEONGJULEE and 2other persons | 2019, 16(2) | pp.89~110 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study is to verify relative influence of individual, parent, peer, teacher-related variables as protective factors and risk factors of academic hatred. Surveys were conducted with 1,015 (women, 57.3%) high school third grade students across eight schools where are located in Seoul, Incheon, and Geyonggi province. Correlation analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis were performed. The findings are summarized as follows. Teacher’s academic pressure did not have significant correlation with student’s basic psychological needs, teacher’s autonomy support, teacher’s support, and peer support whereas other variables showed significant correlation each others. The hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that student’s individual competence and autonomy, parent’s academic support, and teacher’s emotional support work as protective factors and that parent’s academic pressure functions as a risk factor. The effects of peer support disappeared when teacher-related factors were included. In addition, the effects of teacher’s autonomy support disappeared, while the effects of teacher’s support strengthened when learner’s basic psychological needs were input. This study is meaningful in that it clarified academic hatred which had not been studied in other research and that it provided theoretical foundation for subsequent studies on academic hatred by examining relative influence of related variables. Lastly, it presented its limitation, implications on intervening strategies in school counseling, and suggestions for later studies.
  • 2.

    The Mediating and Moderating Effects of Self-Acceptance on the Relationship between perfectionistic self-presentation and peer relations quality in Adolescents

    Choi, Mi-Eun | Nam, Suk Kyung | 2019, 16(2) | pp.111~128 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The present study was to investigate the mediating and moderating effects of self-acceptance on the relationship between perfectionistic self-presentation and peer relationship quality in adolescents. Two hundred and sixty-one middle school students were surveyed. The results were as follows. First, self-acceptance had a full mediation effect on the relationship between perfectionistic self-presentation and peer relationship quality. That is, peer relationship quality was only indirectly affected by perfectionistic self-presentation through self-acceptance. Second, self-acceptance had a significant moderating effect in the relationship between perfectionistic self-presentation and peer relationship quality. Perfectionistic self-presentation did not have a statistically significant impact on peer relationship quality in the group with low self-acceptance, but it did in the group with high self-acceptance. Therefore, this study suggests the need for counseling and educational approaches to improve adolescents self-acceptance by verifying the effect of self-acceptance in perfectionistic self-presentation and peer relationships.
  • 3.

    The Development and Effect of Posttraumatic Growth Program for Adolescents with Traumatic Experiences

    Cha, Ji-Young | ham, kyong-ae | Cheon Seong-Moon | 2019, 16(2) | pp.129~157 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to develop a group counseling program for adolescents with traumatic experiences and to verify the effect of the program. For this purpose, the posttraumatic growth program was developed in accordance with the group counseling program that based on the needs of field experts and the needs of the subjects. This program consisted of 10 sessions. To verify the effectiveness of the developed program, 20 characterization high school students were divided into experimental group and control group, and a total of 10 sessions were performed twice a week. After the program was conducted on the experimental group, quantitative analysis was conducted for comparison according to the lapse of time: before, after, and follow-up. independent sample t-analysis was used to examine homogeneity between two groups beforehand. Mixed ANOVA was also used to verify a hypothesis. In conclusion, the posttraumatic growth program has significant effects on posttraumatic growth and intentional rumination level with experienced adolescents. Findings and implications of this study were discussed.
  • 4.

    Search for meaning in life and academic satisfaction: A mediating role of hope and a moderating role of social support

    Jiyoung Park | JUNG YESEUL | 2019, 16(2) | pp.159~187 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to shed light on a role of hope in understanding the relationship between the search for meaning in life and academic satisfaction and to suggest ways to increase hope among Korean students. We hypothesized that the relationship between search for meaning in life and academic satisfaction would be mediated by hope and the positive relationship between search for meaning and hope would be strengthened by family support and friend support. We conducted two surveys to examine the hypotheses. Based on Study 1 using a sample of 190 undergraduate students, we found that the relationship between search for meaning in life and academic satisfaction was fully mediated by hope. In Study 2, we examined the four types of hope that include internal hope and three types of external hope (i.e., family, friends, and supernatural being) to extend knowledge on what features of hope mediate the relationships between search for meaning and academic satisfaction. Study 2 based on a sample of 313 high school students showed that the link from the search for meaning in life and academic satisfaction was fully mediated by internal hope and external-peers hope. The mediating effects of external-family hope and external-spiritual hope were not significant in Study 2. Also, we found that family support strengthened the positive links from the search for meaning in life to hope (Study 1) and to internal hope (Study 2) while the interactive effects of friend support and the search for meaning on hope were not significant in both studies. Based on the results, we discussed several implications, limitations, and recommendations for future research.
  • 5.

    The Relationship between Parenting Attitudes Perceived by Elementary School Students and Their Learned Helplessness: The Moderated Mediation Effect of Academic Failure Tolerance and Resilience

    Hyun-Jung Choi | DONGGWI LEE | 2019, 16(2) | pp.189~205 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    This study investigated the extent to which parental attitudes and the moderated mediation effect of academic failure tolerance and resilience affect their level of learned helplessness. The participants included 337 fifth and sixth graders in one elementary school in Chungju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do Province. A survey method was used and the research packet included measures of parenting attitudes, helplessness, academic failure tolerance, and resilience. The results are as follows. First, positive parental attitudes, academic failure tolerance, and resilience were positively correlated with each other whereas learned helplessness was negatively associated with the other three variables. Second, academic failure tolerance partially mediated the relationship between parental attitudes and learned helplessness. Third, resilience moderated the relationship between academic failure tolerance and learned helplessness. Lastly, there was a significant moderated mediation effect of resilience on the link between parental attitudes and learned helplessness through academic failure tolerance. The findings indicates the importance of parenting attitudes perceived by elementary school students, academic failure tolerance, and resilience when designing counseling interventions for those with learned helplessness. This study also discusses its limitations and suggestions for future studies.
  • 6.

    Effect of Attention Feedback Awareness and Control Training on Attention Bias and Generalized Anxiety Symptoms in college students

    Su Jung Kim | Shim Eun-Jung | 2019, 16(2) | pp.207~230 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the effect of Attention Feedback Awareness and Control Training(A-FACT) on attention bias and generalized anxiety symptoms in college students. A total of 31 college students with at least 10 points on the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale or at least 56 points on the Korean version of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (K-PSWQ) with attention bias were randomly assigned to one of three groups: A-FACT(n = 11), Attention Bias Modification (ABM)(n = 10) and Active Placebo Control (APC)(n = 10). Participants in A-FACT group received real-time feedback on attention bias based on their Baseline Neutral Response time(BNR) during A-FACT using a dot probe task. Participants in the ABM group received standard ABM, and those in the APC performed a dot probe task that they were informed was a program to reduce attention bias, but feedback was not provided. A total of eight sessions was conducted twice a week over a 4-week period. After every two sessions, GAD-7, K-PSWQ and K-STAI were rated. The effect of attention bias modification training was rated by changes in the Attention Bias Score(ABS), and in GAD-7, K-PSWQ and K-STAI scores. The results of repeated measure ANOVA indicated that the A-FACT group showed a significant decrease in ABS as well as in GAD-7, K-PSWQ and K-STAI scores compared to the other groups. Current results suggest that self-regulatory control of attention, that is, recognition of bias through feedback in A-FACT, may be effective in alleviating attention bias and generalized anxiety symptoms by recognizing bias through feedback on bias in attention bias modification training.