The Korean Journal of School Psychology 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 2.32

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pISSN : 1738-463X / eISSN : 2734-0112

http://journal.kci.go.kr/schooljr
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2020, Vol.17, No.1

  • 1.

    Socialization of Prosocial Behavior in Early-Adolescence: The Moderating Effect of Social Relatedness

    Kim jingu , Kang Eun Young | 2020, 17(1) | pp.1~16 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to investigate peer socialization processes on early adolescents’ prosocial behaviors in friendship networks. A longitudinal social network model (SIENA) was used to disentangle socialization process in prosocial behavior. Participants were fourth and fifth graders in South Korea from 39 elementary school classrooms (N=1,040, 48% girls). According to results, students select friends based on similarity in prosocial behavior (peer selection) was found in both prosocial behaviors. Peer influence effects were also observed in prosocial behaviors. Also, moderating effect of social relatedness was significant. In classes with high social relatedness, influence effect of prosocial behavior was significant. As a contrast, prosocial behavior was not socialized in classes with the low social relatedness. Results suggest that peernetwork play a critical role in the co-evolution of friendships, and prosocial behaviors. Findings yielded the importance of the socialization process and promoting healthy peer socialization environment.
  • 2.

    Characteristics of the Factor Structure of the Child Behavior Checklist Dysregulation Profile for School-aged Children

    Eun-young Kim , Eun Hye Ha | 2020, 17(1) | pp.17~38 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the factor structure of the Child Behavior Checklist Dysregulation Profile(CBCL-DP) for school-aged children in Korea identified differences in the level of maladjustment and problematic behaviors between the clinical group which had characteristics of CBCL-DP and the control group which did not. Confirmative factor analysis was performed on three alternative models from the literature to determine which was the most appropriate factor structure for the CBCL-DP. The result showed that the bi-factor model fit the sample data better than both the one and second-factor models. To confirm that the bi-factor model was the most appropriate factor structure, regression paths with relevant variables examined. The showed that CBCL-DP with the bi-factor model was associated with executive function difficulty as reported by parents and with school adjustment and all sub-factors of strength and difficulty as reported by teachers. The results also showed that this model had a different relationship with anxiety/depression, aggressive behavior, and attention problems than the other models. The clinical group was shown to have more executive function difficulty, worse adjustment of school life and to be less likely to engage in desired behaviors than the control group. These results indicate the CBCL-DP is more related to negative outcomes than any other factor, and that the bi-factor model was found to best fit the sample data, consistent with other studies. The early discovery of CBCL-DP can be used to provide interventions for high-risk children who exhibit emotional and behavioral problems, making its detection a significant diagnostic tool. The implications of these result, the limitations of this study, and areas for future research are discussed in this paper.
  • 3.

    The Mediating Effect of Emotional Behavioral Problems on the Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Middle School Students’ Life Satisfaction: A Multi-group Analysis According to Parental Composition and Parents’ Life Satisfaction

    Ha Gyuyoung , Minyoung Lee | 2020, 17(1) | pp.39~63 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the relationship between family socioeconomic status, emotional behavioral problems, parental composition, and parents’ life satisfaction, all of which are factors that affect the life satisfaction of Korean middle school students. To this end, multi-group analysis was conducted on KCYPS panel data. The results showed four major patterns. First, family socioeconomic status has a significant direct effect on the students’ life satisfaction only when the student has two parents and when the student’s parents have high life satisfaction. Second, family socioeconomic status only significantly influenced students’ emotional behavioral problems when parents had low life satisfaction, regardless of parental composition. Third, the mediating effect of emotional behavioral problems (aggression) in the relationship between family socioeconomic status and student life satisfaction was only significant when the student had two-parents and when the student’s parents’ had low life satisfaction. Fourth, depression was the variable most stronly correlated with student life satisfaction. This paper discusses the limitations of this study and the impliations of its results about how to improve students’ life satisfaction.
  • 4.

    The Moderating Effects of Peer Support on the Relationship between Family Functioning, Self-differentiation, and Self-esteem among High School Students

    Gwi Suk Nam , Lee Kyu Mee | 2020, 17(1) | pp.65~86 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine whether self-differentiation mediates the relationship between adolescents’ family functioning and self-esteem and to examine whether peer support and family conflicts had moderated mediating effects. For this purpose, 522 students from four high schools in Gyeonggi province were surveyed about their family functioning, self-differentiation, self-esteem, and peer support. The results were analyzed using SPSS 21.0 and PROCESS. The mediating, modulating, and moderated mediating effects were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows. First, correlation analysis showed that family functioning, self-differentiation, self-esteem, and peer support were significantly positively correlated. Second, the moderated mediating effects of peer support were as follows. First, self-differentiation had a partial mediating effect in the relationship between family functioning and self-esteem such that family functioning and self-differentiation were positively correlated and self-differentiation and self-esteem were positively correlated. Second, peer support had a moderating effect in the relationship between family functioning and self-differentiation that promoted self-differentiation. Thus, peer support affected family functioning and self-differentiation. Third, verifying the moderated mediating model of peer support by combining the mediation model of self-differentiation and the moderation model of peer support identified above showed that self-differentiation mediated the relationship between family functioning and self-esteem. Thus, family support affected self-differentiation and self-differentiation affected self-esteem. The significance of this study was as follows. First, it showed that self-differentiation significantly mediated the relationship between family functioning and self-esteem, clarifying the relationship between family functioning and self-esteem. Second, it showed that peer support moderated the relationship between family functioning and self-differentiation, identifying a mechanism that promotes self-differentiation. Third, it showed the mediation of self-differentiation of the relationship between family functioning and self-esteem depended on peer support.
  • 5.

    The Relationships between Covert Narcissism and Dating Violence among College Students: The Mediating Effects of Expression of Anger

    Gwi Suk Nam , Soo Jin Lee | 2020, 17(1) | pp.87~107 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of functional and dysfunctional expressions of anger on the relationship between covert narcissism and dating violence among college students. The study also investigated gender differences with regard to covert narcissism, dating violence, and functional and dysfunctional expressions of anger. To this end, 339 college students (133 males, 206 females) with heterosexual dating experiences in the Busan Metropolitan area were recruited. They responded to the Covert Narcissism Scale, the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale 2, and the Korean adaptation of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory. The results were as follows. First, covert narcissism, dating violence, and functional and dysfunctional expressions of anger differed significantly by gender. Second, there were statistically significant correlations between covert narcissism, dating violence, and functional and dysfunctional expressions of anger. Third, multiple regression analysis showed that dysfunctional expressions of anger for males were positively correlated with dating violence while functional expressions of anger were negatively correlated. For females, dysfunctional expressions of anger were positively correlated with dating violence while functional expressions of anger were not significantly correlated. Fourth, dysfunctional expressions of anger completely mediated the relationship between covert narcissism and dating violence for both males and females, but functional expressions of anger had no mediating effect. These results suggest that dysfunctional anger expression control program should be developed for students which may help those with covert narcissistic tendencies to functionally express their anger. Future research should analyze dating violence prevention and counseling programs.
  • 6.

    The Role of Gender difference and Interpersonal Problems in the relationship between Internal Narcissism and on Middle School Students' SNS Addiction Tendency

    sujinlim , Soo Jin Lee | 2020, 17(1) | pp.109~123 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to understand path of internal narcissism toward SNS addiction tendency of middle school students. The study intended to test the hypothesis that internal narcissism personality would lead to the SNS addiction tendency through interpersonal problems and that the internal narcissism effect on the interpersonal problems can depend on Gender difference The subjects of the study were 240 middle school students (95 male and 145 female students) in Gwangju area. The descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and SPSS Macro PROCESS Model were used. The results of the study are as follows. First, there was a significant positive interpersonal problems mediation efffect between inner narcissism and SNS addiction tendency of middle school students. Second, as a result of examining Gender difference moderatiing effect between internal narcissism, and interpersonal problems relationship. according to gender difference statistically significant. Third, Moderated mediation effect of gender difference and interpersonal problems between internal narcissism personality and SNS addiction tendency relationship is statistically significant. Recently, social networking has become a serious problem in our society and it shows the highest rate of addiction in early middle school students. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of psychological factors of inner narcissism and interpersonal problems on the SNS addiction tendency, focusing on the gender differences in middle school students, and to provide basic data to prevent adolescent SNS addiction problems have.
  • 7.

    The Effect of Calling on Career Adaptability among Undergraduate Students: The Mediating Effects of Search for and Presence of Meaning

    HYUNJOON CHIN , Ki-Hak Lee | 2020, 17(1) | pp.125~144 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Only a few studies have investigated the influence of career calling on career adaptability and the mechanisms behind this relationship, so this investigated how the search for and presence of meaning, the two elements of meaning in life, affect this relationship. 247 Participants completed a survey on career calling, career adaptability, the search for meaning and the presence of meaning. Correlational analysis was conducted to examine the relationships between the research variables. A serial multiple mdediating effects test was conducted to test the proposed mediating effects. Finally, a bootstrapping procedure was used with SPSS Macro to test the significance of the indirect effects. The results were as follows: First, career calling was positively related with career adaptability. Second, the search for and presence of meaning both partially mediated the relationship between career calling and career adaptability. This result implies that the search for meaning alone can lead to positive outcomes, such as increasing career adaptability, a result not found in previous studies. Third, the relationship between career calling and career adaptability was sequentially mediated by the search for meaning and the presence of meaning. This paper ends with a discussion of implications of this study’s results in clinical practice and this study’s limitations.