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pISSN : 1738-463X / eISSN : 2734-0112

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 2.11
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2020, Vol.17, No.3

  • 1.

    The Relationship Between Parent and Peer Attachment on SNS Addiction Proneness among Adolescents: The Mediating Effect of the Fear of Missing Out

    Da-Jung Han | Bin-Na Kim | 2020, 17(3) | pp.243~261 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Fear of missing out (FoMO) refers to the desire to stay continually connected with what others are doing because they are afraid of missing the flow or not being included. Although FoMO has been recently proposed as a widespread phenomenon within social media, there has been few empirical research by which mechanism FoMO leads to social networking service (SNS) addiction. Therefore, this study examined whether FoMO mediated the relationship between adolescents’ attachment and SNS addiction proneness. A total of 517 middle and high school students participated in the study and completed self-report questionnaires. Results showed that FoMO partially mediated the relationship between adolescents’ parental attachment and SNS addiction proneness, whereas the relationship between adolescents’ peer attachment and SNS addiction proneness was fully mediated by FoMO. These results suggest that unstable attachment might contribute to SNS addiction through FoMO, especially in case of peer attachment. Lastly, we discussed theoretical and practical implications of this study and suggestions for future research.
  • 2.

    How self-estimation bias in peer relationship relates to subjective well-being and to interpersonal behaviors: Testing the optimal margin hypothesis

    LEE EUN JU | Hyeseon Yeom | 2020, 17(3) | pp.263~286 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to explore how overly positive self-estimations in peer relationships relate to subjective well-being and to the occurrence of interpersonal behaviors supporting basic psychological needs among elementary school students. This study tested the optimal margin hypothesis of positive illusion by examining the curvilinear relationship between these variables. The sample consisted of 346 fifth and sixth grade students. The self-criterion residual method was used to derive self-estimation bias scores by regressing the real peer relations index (i.e., In-degree) on their perceived peer relationship qualities. The results showed that girls more strongly overestimated the quality of their peer relationships than boys. Self-estimation biases had a positive curvilinear relationship with negative affects and a negative curvilinear relationship with relatedness needs supporting interpersonal behaviors. These results supported the existence of the optimal margin of positive illusion because overestimations of the quality of peer relationships were associated with lower levels of negative affects and relatedness needs-supporting interpersonal behaviors, though these benefits flattened out and no further benefit was observed after an optimal level of overestimation. However, self-estimation bias was linearly associated with positive affect, autonomy needs-supporting interpersonal behaviors, and competence needs-supporting interpersonal behaviors. These results indicated that optimal margin hypothesis was not supported for all outcome variables.
  • 3.

    The Effect of Promoting Motivation through Effort-inducing Instructions and Positive Feedback on Task Performance

    Eunjin Kwon | Tae Hoon Kim | Lee, Yoonhyoung | 2020, 17(3) | pp.287~306 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of motivation promotion on task performance. Unlike most previous studies that have used survey methods, this study examined the effects of motivation promotion on arithmetic and linguistic task performances under experimental conditions. Effort-inducing instructions and positive feedbacks were used to promote participants’ motivation. Experiments 1 and 2 examined the effect of effort-inducing instructions and positive feedback on participants’ autonomous selection of task difficulty when performing arithmetic and linguistic tasks. The results of the both experiments showed that the experimental group which received effort-inducing instructions and positive feedback chose more difficult task than the control group did. Experiment 3 examined whether motivation promotion enhances task performance and task persistence. The experimental group was more accurate and persistent than the control group. The results of the current study offer experimental evidence suggesting that activating intrinsic motivation through motivation promotion improves attitudes toward tasks and task performance.
  • 4.

    The Mediation Effects of Self-Concept Clarity and Perception of Emerging Adulthood in the Relationship between Perceived Parental Rearing Attitudes and Psychological Well-being of University students

    Heesoon, Jang | 2020, 17(3) | pp.307~332 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The present study examined how the psychological well-being of young adults was affected by the perceived parental rearing attitudes and how self-concept clarity and the perceptions of emerging adulthood mediated this causal relationship based on Arnett’s the theory of emerging adulthood. We specially focused on affectionate or rejective types of perceived parental rearing attitudes and possibility or instability perceptions of emerging adulthood. We performed survey research with 358 university students from six universities located in Seoul, and other cities in South Korea and analyzed collected data using SPSS 25.0 and SPSS Macro. As a result, we found correlational relationships between psychological well-being of emerging adulthood and other variables. Also, we found the mediating effect of the self-concept clarity in the relationship between the psychological well-being and the perceived parental attitudes: affectionate, rejective. However, we only found the mediating effect of the perceived possibility perception of emerging adulthood was significant in the relationship between the psychological well-being and affectionate parental rearing attitudes. Finally, we found a sequential mediation effect that the self-concept clarity and then perceived instability perception of emerging adulthood affected in the relationship between psychological well-being and rejective parental rearing attitudes of emerging adulthood. Based on results, implications and suggestions for counseling service and psychological education for university students faced emerging adulthood were discussed.
  • 5.

    The Relationship between Public Self-consciousness and Social Anxiety among College Students: The Mediating Effects of Fear of Negative and Positive Evaluation and Disqualification of Positive Social Outcomes

    Min-Ju Kang | Jung-Soon Hong | 2020, 17(3) | pp.333~356 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the mediating effects of fear of negative evaluation(FNE), fear of positive evaluation(FPE) and disqualification of positive social outcomes(DPSO) on the relationship between public self-consciousness(PSC) and social anxiety(SA) among college students. In this study, SA was divided into social interaction anxiety(SIA) and performance anxiety(PA). Participants included 316 undergraduates who completed a survey. There were three major results. First, PSC, SIA, PA, FNE, FPE and DPSO were positively correlated with each other. Second, FNE, FPE and DPSO had significant mediating effects on the relationship between PSC and SA. Third, when FNE, FPE and DPSO mediated the relationship between PSC and SA, the effect on PA was significantly greater than the effect on SIA, and in the path mediated by FNE, the effect on SIA was greater than the effect on PA. This paper discusses the findings and implications of this study.
  • 6.

    Development of Community Resources Linkage Capability Scale of Counselors

    Seul-Ah Seong | Bae Seonghoon | 2020, 17(3) | pp.357~377 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study was intended to develop and investigate reliability and validity of a scale that can measure linkage capability of community resources of counselors. This study prepared a preliminary question consisting of a total of 42 questions in 5 areas. Then, the content validity and facial validity were verified by the counseling experts with a first-degree qualification as a counselor in Korean Counselling Psychological Association, and a total of 20 final questions of 4 areas. The final questions were conducted on psychological counselors(N=306) to investigate reliability and validity. As a result of conducting an exploratory factor analysis, validity of the two-factor structure have been verified. And In the confirmatory factor analysis, two factors were shown to be appropriate. The two-factors were named ‘The collection and utilization of information’ and ‘Association with the Organization of Information’. Also, the scale of final selection of questions were found to have a good degree of concurrent validity, interitem consistency and test-retest reliability. The implications of the present study is significant in that it is a measure of community resources linkage capability scale of counselors. In addition, this scale is expected to be useful in Wee Class, Wee Center, Youth Counseling Welfare Center, and other counseling sites.
  • 7.

    Characteristics of Academic Hatred Explained by Self-Determination Motivation: A Study of High School Seniors

    Minyoung Lee | Sangeun Lee | Sang Min Lee | 2020, 17(3) | pp.379~399 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examined the relative influence of the five factors of the self-determination motivation on academic hatred. A total of 938 high school seniors (female 535, 57.0%) across eight schools in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi province were surveyed a month before Soo-neng (College Scholastic Ability Test). The findings of correlation analyses and hierarchical multiple regression analyses were summarized as follows. Academic hatred showed significant correlations with all the self-determination motivation factors except for introjected regulation. For hierarchical multiple regression analyses, starting with amotivation, the motivation factors indicating low level of self-determination were entered in order. In the final model, amotivation and introjected regulation had positive influence on academic hatred, and intrinsic regulation had negative influence on academic hatred. Specifically, introjected regulation which had no significant effect on academic hatred with amotivation and external regulation showed significant effect after identified regulation was added. Identified regulation lost its significant influence after intrinsic regulation was included. This study was meaningful in that it was the first study to clarify motivational characteristics of academic hatred based on self-determination theory. The study also presented its limitations, implications for school counseling intervention, and directions for future research.
  • 8.

    Development and Validation of the Korean Implementation Fidelity Checklist of Tier 1 School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (KIFC-T1)

    Dong Mi Nam | Eun JIn Chang | Sung-Doo Won and 2other persons | 2020, 17(3) | pp.401~419 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study was to validate the Korean Implementation Fidelity Checklist of Tier 1 School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (KIFC-T1) for use in the Korean educational system. Tier 1 support, which is universal supports, within a multi-tiered, school-wide positive behavior support (SWPBS) model, aims to provide support to and prevent problem behaviors among all students in a school. The initial KIFC-T1 consisted of 48 items and 11 factors and was developed based on a literature review. Its content was validated by experts. The validated KIFC-T1 was introduced to 185 special school teachers who had experience implementing SWPBS and who used the instrument to assess the degree to which their schools had implemented Tier 1 support. Based on their responses, the construct validity of the KIFC-T1 was examined using factor, item, and internal consistency reliability analyses. The concurrent validity of the tool was examined using the PBS Evaluation Tool, School Climate Questionnaire, School Discipline Practice Scale, and PBS Effectiveness Scale. The analyses revealed that KIFC-T1 had a stable five-factor structure with 35 items, had good reliability (Cronbach's α=.956, each factor's Cronbach's α=.834­.951), and its results were statistically significantly correlated with those of the PBS Evaluation Tool, School Discipline Practice Scale, and the PBS Effectiveness Scale. However the KIFC-T1's results were not statistically significantly correlated with the results of the School Climate Questionnaire. These results suggest that KIFC-T1 is a reliable and valid tool for assessing the fidelity of universal support implementations.