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2002, Vol.11, No.

  • 1.

    On the Etymological Meaning of the Korean Word ‘gomabda’

    최창렬 , Choi Eun Jeong | 2002, 11() | pp.1~12 | number of Cited : 2
    Choe Chang-YeolChoe Eun-Jeong. 2002. On the Etymological Meaning of the Korean Word ‘gomabda’. Korean Semantics, 11. This study aims at illuminating the etymological meaning of Korean word ‘gomabda’. It is based on the three steps of argumentation. First of all, the myth of national foundation says that Dangun, the founding father of the Korean nation, was born of Ungnyeo. A question can be posed here as to whether the Korean people are the descendants from a bear. The answer is negative. ‘gom’ is derived from its original word ‘’, whose meaning is ‘God, King, or Majesty.’Secondly, s history book suggests that the Korean word ‘imgeum’ is originated in ‘닛’ with the meaning that the man with many teeth is wise. This is just the folk etymology and wrong. ‘닛’ is analysed as the man who can be the king in succession.Thirdly, it is accepted that ‘gamsahada’ is more polite than ‘gomabda’. From the etymological view, this is exactly the opposite. As shown in the examples like ‘goma(admire)’ and ‘goma(respect)’, The stem ‘’ of ‘gomabda’ means ‘God’ or ‘the King’. Hence, the word ‘gomabda’ can be phrased as ‘I am fully thankful to serve you as God.’
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  • 3.

    A Study on Korean Word Association(Ⅱ)

    Lee, Chan Kyu | 2002, 11() | pp.49~78 | number of Cited : 15
    Lee Chan-Kyu. 2002. A Study on Korean Word Association(Ⅱ). Korean Semantics, 11. This thesis was aimed to study analyzing the process, method, result of Korean word association. I have surveyed 957 high school students, 1128 college students, and 96 adults in 2001. By the method of the free word association, each person wrote a word or phrase within 10 seconds for stimulating 20 words. The word association of six words was already analysed on Lee, ChanKyu(A Study on Korean Word Association(Ⅰ), 2002). This thesis was studied the word association of another six words.The most important thing as the result of study is as follows ;Several kinds of rules, for instant minimal-contrast rule, marking rule, idiom-completion rule and so on, connected with word association which is already studied is not universally applicable for all stimulating word. The characteristics of stimulating words and personal experiences related with suggested words are both decisive elements which derives responding words from brain.
  • 4.

    The Morphology and the Semantics of ‘둘우다’

    석주연 | 2002, 11() | pp.79~92 | number of Cited : 0
    Suk Joo Yeon. 2002. The Morphology and the Semantics of ‘둘우다’. Korean Semantics, 11. We examine ‘둘우다’ in a number of different Korean-translations of Nogeoldae and of Baktongsa, and investigate its meaning and morphological structure. It is generally accepted that we need to consider the context of a word, the original Chinese text and the translational pattern of different translations of the text in order to determine the meaning and the form of the word which is not intuitively clear to us, modern reader. We can arrive at the correct conclusion about ‘둘우다’, only by taking into account of these factors. ‘둘우다’ is identified as causative verb, which has a structure of ‘둘’+‘-우-’. Based on this conclusion, we can distinguish clearly ‘Du-uer두워’(translation of ‘罷罷’) from ‘둘워’(translation of ‘將就’) in their meanings and morphological structures.
  • 5.

    A Study on Fossilization of Vocabulary and Etymology

    김지형 | 2002, 11() | pp.93~118 | number of Cited : 1
    Kim Ji-hyung. 2002. A Study on Fossilization of Vocabulary and Etymology. Korea Semantics, 11. It takes a long time for a word to be fossilized. Therefore, it is not easy to categorize the aspects of word fossilization into a few categories. In addition, it is more difficult to categorize the aspects of word fossilization than to categorize other linguistic units because a type of lexical change is too complicated.To find out a presumed fossilized form of an archaic word and to make it clear the origin of linguistic elements, it should be based on the etymological study. Based on this etymological study, we will be able to understand the general diachronic changes of the lexical system of Korean language. And then, we could further explain the synchronous lexical system.This study tried to find out the interrelationship between the diachronic changes and synchronic lexical system of Korean language. More accurate and systematic study need to be done in the future. Through these studies, we can overcome one obstacle so-called “insufficiency of materials” of Korean studies.
  • 6.

    A Study on Semantic Relation and ‘Saisiot’(-ㅅ-) of Compound Noun in Korean Language

    김인균 | 2002, 11() | pp.119~138 | number of Cited : 13
    Kim In-kyun. 2002. A Study on Semantic Relation and ‘Saisiot’(-ㅅ-) of Compound Noun in Korean Language. Korean Semantics, 11. The purpose of this paper is to set up the possible semantic relaton in compound nouns and to illustrate whether or not saisiot(-ㅅ-) interposition is determined according to that semantic relation. First of all we are of the opinion that the compound nouns are formed not only a basic meaning but also a derived meaning of any lexeme, but in all cases the compound nouns have a certain semantic relations. After all, the semantic relations in compound noun are ‘shape, material, method/way, type/theme’ and ‘time, place, origin/possession, use’. And the former is that saisiot(-ㅅ-) is not interposed while the latter is that saisiot(-ㅅ-) is interposed in compoun noun.
  • 7.

    The Classification and Analysis of Korean Oaths, Curses, Insults and Slangs about Women.

    오새내 | 2002, 11() | pp.139~160 | number of Cited : 7
    Oh Sae Nae. 2002. The Classification and Analysis of Korean Oaths, Curses, Insults and Slangs about Women. Korean Semantics, 11. This paper is intended as the lexical Classification and Analysis of Korean oaths, curses, insults and slangs about women. For this study, I gathered 504 lexical items related women in the "Dictionary of Korean Slang(1999, Kim, Dongun) and classified these subjects; 1) The woman- mentioned slangs, 2) The woman's body-mentioned slangs, 3) The woman's attitude and behavior- mentioned slangs, 4) The woman's personal appearance- mentioned slangs.
  • 8.

    A Study on the Korean Vocabulary in the Enlightenment Period

    YoungSeop Pak | 2002, 11() | pp.161~176 | number of Cited : 24
    Park Yeong-seop. 2002. A Study on the Korean Vocabulary in the Enlightenment Period. Korean Semantics, 11. This paper is aims at studing on the korean vocabulary in the enlightenment period. In this period, there were various kinds of vocabularies as it reflects the special status of the enlightenment era. In the middle of reform, there were the middle and modern ages vocabularies in the base of the vocabularies. They tried to maintain Chinese character vocabularies in one hand but on the other hand in the books written and published by the enlightened people, there were many newly coined vocabularies and borrowed words.Accordingly, this era can be considered as a transition period of mixed vocabularies of middle and modern ages vocabularies, Chinese character vocabularies and Japanese Chinese character vocabularies (Newly-coined ones). Afterwards, middle modern ages vocabularies were decayed in Korean language system and many more Japanese Chinese character vocabularies entered into Korean vocabulary system and used as a part of its vocabularies.
  • 9.

    A Diachronic Study on the Meaning of the "tteom(틈)"

    신은경 | 2002, 11() | pp.177~198 | number of Cited : 3
    Shin Eun-Kyong. 2002. A Diachronic Study on the Meaning of the "tteom(틈)". Korean Semantics, 11. In this work, I reviewed the meaning of the 'theom' for the research of diachronic change of lexical meaning of Korean word and studied the mechanism of semantic extension from base meaning. The base meaning of the 'theom' is 'an aperture' and this has been extended to the temporal concepts as 'time to spare', 'an opportunity' and 'an estrangement'. This conclusion is correspond with the claim that the filed of grammaticalization have the course of change from concrete objects to abstract meaning. I observed many examples of lexical items with the 'theom' and found that some words appear in modern age and some items like the 'theom-seori' have the different meaning from middle age in modern use. I hope this data would contribute to explanation of the process of semantic change in gap concept expressions.
  • 10.

    Traditional Humanistic Speculation Appeared in the Korean Proverbs

    閔賢植 | 2002, 11() | pp.199~234 | number of Cited : 4
    Min Hyun-sik. 2002. Traditional Humanistic Speculation Appeared in the Korean Proverbs. Korean Semantics, 11. There are many traditional and popular expressions in Korean language. They include idioms, cants, proverbs(old sayings), greetings, compliments, abusive language(slanders, curses), riddles and tales, etc. These expressions reflect the spirits of times or popular voices. Korean traditional proverbs also reflect the traditional Korean spirits. Firstly, they are divided into proverbs of teachings, proverbs of parable, and proverbs of fortune. Secondly, the proverbs of fortune are divided into proverbs of taboo, proverbs of solicitation, proverbs of sign, and proverbs of dream reading.Ten thousands of Korean proverbs show the wisdom of life, and reflect the consciousness of Korean people. For example, they show teaching of diligence, conduct of life, promoting virtue and reproving vice, preponderance of official power, male chauvinism, fatalism, superstition, moralism, satire, pragmatism, and criticism to the aristocratic class, etc. Especially Korean people respect and value the humanism influenced by the confucianism. Traditional humanism is constituted of literary arts, history and philosophy. Korean proverbs also show the traditional humanism as follows. Firstly, traditional humanism of literary arts shows pursuing the policy of literary arts, respecting of teachers, dignity, appearance, honour of family and discretion. They demanded the prudent life to Korean people.Secondly, traditional humanism of history shows the consciousness of reward in accordance with a deed and the corollary affirmatively. But negatively that shows the fatalism, acceptance of one's fate, desire for power and bitter feelings. Thirdly, traditional humanism of philosophy shows the three fundamental principles and five moral disciplines in human relations, that is, loyalty, filial piety, and virtuousness of woman.