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2005, Vol.17, No.

  • 1.

    A Lexical Semantic Network of Verbs Based on Domain Ontology

    이동혁 , Yi, Bongwon | 2005, 17() | pp.1~20 | number of Cited : 10
    This paper gives a methodological proposal in construction of semantic network of verbs based on Domain Ontology. The existing semantic networks were not satisfactory both in quality and quantity, and mostly were limited to nouns. In this paper, we introduced the Domain Ontology in EuroWordNet database as a way of lexical semantic networks construction. First, we divided semantic relation of verbs through Domain Ontology into external relation and internal relation. The external relation means semantic relation between lexemes in different domains. The external relation was classified in terms of the relation between Top Ontology with Domain Ontology, and the relation in Domain Ontologies. We classified the internal relation into the relation between participant and event, between event and event. And event relation was divided into relations in terms of temporal order, logical causality and modality. By using the Domain Ontology and seizing the special meanings in the domain, the contents of lexical networks may be enriched. And inference of a lexeme can be made easily as finding the latent relationship between lexemes.
  • 2.

    The Ontology of 'Mulmyeonggo' and Its Significance in Lexicography

    최경봉 | 2005, 17() | pp.21~42 | number of Cited : 20
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the ontology of 'Mulmyeonggo' that is the thesaurus of 'the name of things', and to explain its significance in lexicography. In section 2, I roughly divided the traditional thesauruses into two types that are 'the thesauruses for a learner's dictionary' such like 'Hunmongjahoe', 'Yeokeoyuhae' etc, and 'the thesauruses for a encyclopedic dictionary' such like 'Mulmyeonggo', 'Mulbo' etc. And I suggested that the character of the thesauruses for a encyclopedic dictionary was the complex hierarchy in the classification system. In section 3, I discussed the classification system and the semantic network of 'Mulmyeonggo'. And I suggested that the classification system in 'Mulmyeonggo' was characterized by systematic features for classification. The features that used in 'Mulmyeonggo' were 'animate / inanimate', 'immovability/non stillness' and 'the primary substance- i.e. grass, wood, earth, stone, metal, water, fire' etc. In 'Mulmyeonggo' the features for classification were abstracted from the ontology that is based on the Confucian idea. But because 'Mulmyeonggo' was co mposed with the object of practical using of things, a construction of a semantic network was an important subject in 'Mulmyeonggo'. The semantic network of 'Mulmyeonggo' was characterized by the presentation of not only synonyms but also the connection between things and properties. In section 4, I discussed the significance of 'Mulmyeonggo' from viewpoint of contemporary ontology and wordnet.
  • 3.

    An Analysis on Synonymic Relations of Psychological Adjectives

    HYOUN HWA KANG | 2005, 17() | pp.43~64 | number of Cited : 55
    This paper defines the scope of synonyms in the Korean language education. With adjectives expressing happiness and sorrow, this paper investigates the semantic and syntactic differences between vocabularies based on corpus and dictionaries. This study can be basic data for high level Korean language learners who want to distinguish the relations between synonymous relation vocabularies. This study also demonstrates that results of contrasitive analysis and error analysis can be applied to Korean language education. Rather than defining the scope and boundaries of synonyms, this study emphasizes the importance of order and instruction method for synonyms education. For this purpose, this study attempts to analyze a variety of aspects such as word frequencies and coverages.
  • 4.

    On the Expansion Aspects of Word-forms and Their Related Meaning in Place Names

    Cho, Hang-bum | 2005, 17() | pp.65~94 | number of Cited : 6
    This paper, focusing 'expansion aspects' among the changes of word forms in place names, aims at reviewing in what way and by what principles the expansion of word forms has been made, and furthermore analysing how their meaning has been changed as a result of the expansion of word forms. The expansion of word forms in place names has been made by some momenta such as intrusion of genitive case-markers, insertion of euphony elements, combination of suffix '-i', repetition of same meaning. In the first case, genitive case-markers 'euy', 'e/ae', 'a/eo' participate in the expanding procedure. Among those members the two, 'euy' and 'a' are the most active participants. The 'euy' frequently changes its shape as 'i' by the phonological change, 'euy > i'. In the case of euphony elements, the two elements, 'eu' and 'a' take part in the expanding procedure. While the former inserts some constructions such as noun plus noun and adjective stem plus noun, the latter inserts other constructions such as adjective stem plus noun. The suffix '-i' combines with the former constituents in architype of place names and complete type of place names. They may be noun or modifying form of verbals. This combination largely occurs in relation to the stabilization of word forms. The repetition of same meaning generally shows itself in place names related to important sites or monuments. Its repetitive pattern takes some combinations such as two Korean indigenous words, Korean indigenous word and Sino-Korean word, and Sino-Korean word and Korean indigenous word. It is caused as the semantic reinforcement and supplement or the diversion of place names. The latter is not the proper case of the expansion of word forms in its rigorous sense, for it makes new place names come about.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Meaning of Synonym of 'bulssanghada(be poor)'

    최홍렬 | 2005, 17() | pp.95~124 | number of Cited : 4
    In this manuscript, I intend to make meaning qualities clear of 'bulssanghada(be poor)', 'gayubda(be pitiable)', 'karyunhada(be touching)', 'ttakhada(be wretched)', 'ansrubda(be pitiful)', 'antakkabda(be pathetic)', 'andyunda(be sorry)', 'echurubda(be sorrowful)', 'cheukeunhada(be compassionate).' and I intend to make a meaning difference of each word. We recognize that these words are similar, because they do not have the same meaning, but they are enveloped themselves in similar concepts. When we look the words inclusively, they look alike, but when we examine an inner meaning of each word, we can see that they have various meaning differences. I divided meaning qualities of "be poor" into 10 meaning qualities, [kaeyum (pathos)], [seulpum(sorrow)], [kananham(poverty)], [bulpunham (inconvenience)], [nanchuham(difficulty)], [hansimham (miserableness)], [mungham(inability)], [akkaum(pity)], [yeuroum (loneliness)], [auknulrim (pressure)], and I examine meaning qualities of similar meaning words. The reason why I can tie them as one similar word, they have many common meaning qualities comparatively. That is, the majority of them have common meaning qualities such as [kaeyum(pathos)], [yeuroum(loneliness)],[kananham(poverty)], [hansimham (miserableness)] and so on.
  • 6.

    The Meaning of Genitive Noun Phrases

    최정혜 | 2005, 17() | pp.125~149 | number of Cited : 5
    This study focuses on the meanings and semantic relations in Korean genitive noun phrases, 'Noun-ui Noun'. Chapter 2 presents the 4 [entity] classes and 7 [modality] classes on Korean nouns; the four are [person], [spatial things], [animate], [inanimate] and the seven are [singular argument events], [plural argument events], [phenomenon], [abstraction], [time], [space], [unit]. And also chapter 2 supposed two principles on the genitive noun phrases; one is 'patternization' which is about semantic relations, the other is 'reduction' which is about meanings. Chapter 3 examines the meanings and semantic relations of the 11 genitive noun phrases. In [entity]-final noun phrases, the meanings are follow the final noun(semantic head)'s semantic property; [person], [spatial things], [animate], [inanimate]. The semantic relations of [entity]-final noun phrase are ≪kinship≫, ≪belonging≫, ≪purpose≫, ≪possession≫, ≪production≫, ≪correlation≫. In [modality]-final noun phrases, the meanings are not match the final noun's semantic property. There are ≪agent one-sided action≫ which represents the [modality]'s property as well as ≪possession≫, ≪kinship≫ which show the typical [entity]'s property.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Derivative Relation of Polysemy as a Kind of Semantic Relation

    남경완 | 2005, 17() | pp.151~175 | number of Cited : 19
    The purpose of this study is to examine the nature of polysemy, especially focused on the relation that is connected among the allosemes within a polysemous word. The semantic relation of lexeme is divided into the relation that is connected within a lexeme and the relation that is connected among two or more lexeme. In the first case, the semantic relation is extended to the lexical relation but in the second case, the semantic relation is restricted within one lexeme. Therefore, it is proposed that the semantic relation of polysemy belongs to the relation that is connected within a lexeme. This study also investigates the aspect of derivative relation of a polysemy. In general, the aspect of extension of meaning is explained by some principles, e.g. from concreteness to abstractness. These principles, however, are too general to explain a process of derivation of allosemes of polysemy and it is necessary to classify the allosemes of polysemy by their paradigmatic and syntagmatic semantic relation. The Korean verb, bul-ta("to blow") that has nine semes was taken by an example to show how we can investigate the aspect of derivation of polysemy based on the semantic relation.
  • 8.

    A Study on Grammatical Collocations Whose Nodes are Nouns

    Eun-Gyeong Yi | 2005, 17() | pp.177~205 | number of Cited : 23
    The Purpose of this paper is to examine grammatical collocations whose nodes are nouns in current Korean. In chapter 2, we make a list of grammatical collocations whose nodes are nouns on investigation of dictionaries, Korean textbooks for foreigners and related papers. In chapter 3, we examined the various aspects of grammatical collocations whose nodes are nouns in a corpus. The corpus is for learners of Korean as second language and the size of the corpus is 541,491 words. At first, collocates of nodes and the meaning of grammatical collocations are examined. Secondly, types of preceeding collocates and succeeding collocates are examined. Thirdly, the frequency of grammatical collocations is examined. Finally, the distributional aspect of grammatical collocations among texts is examined. In chapter 4, the conclusion and limitations of this study are mentioned.
  • 9.

    The Lexico-semantic Strcutures for Two Kinds of Theme-movement Verbs: Alternation Type vs. Non- Alternation Type

    김윤신 | 2005, 17() | pp.207~229 | number of Cited : 12
    This paper aims to examine two types of the Korean Theme-Movement Verbs, alternation type and non-alternation type. This paper also tries to explain their lexico-semantic structures applying the Generative Lexicon Theory (Pustejovsky, 1995) and show the differences between alternation type and non-alternation type of the Korean Theme-movement verbs in the locative alternation. As for 'thematization', alternations type has the thematized figure and the thematized ground, while non- alternation type has only one theme as its figure. Only on the logical concept of alternation type, the change-of-state in its ground entails the change-of-location of its figure. In terms of Event Structure, alternation type underspecifies its headedness, but non-alternation one specifies its initial process subevent as its headed event. In the case of Argument Structure, the ground of alternation type is determined as its default arguments, and the figure of non-alternation as its default one, respectively has specifies its initial process subevent as its headed event. In conclusion, the realized patterns of the locative alternation depend on the lexical-semantic structures and the entailment relation of logical concept in the Korean Theme-Movement Verbs.
  • 10.

    An Analysis on Function of Language in Cartoon

    Son SeMoDol | 2005, 17() | pp.231~265 | number of Cited : 7
    This paper is aim to consider what is the function of language in cartoon. The data in this paper is 11 kinds of newspaper cartoon, 596 cartoon. In cartoon language supports readers' understanding about cartoon. language in cartoon use as three types; a title, the characters' speak and thinking, a commentary. The language function of them are different. A title presents thinking of artists about case, so a title presents theme in cartoon. This probably can control readers' thinking to some extent. Korean newspaper's cartoons depend on language. The dependence of title in Korean newspaper cartoons is higher than other two types. This usually presents words or phrases. The characters' speak and thinking usually presents as spoken language sentence in bubble,. This is the analogy of artist about characters. A commentary supply situation and help readers' comprehension. This presents words or phrases in case of need. A commentary usually is present all kinds of things; TV. newspaper, a flag, handbill etc.
  • 11.

    The Constructional Grammar Approach to the Meaning and Frame of 'kada' Verb in Korean Language

    JEONG JU REE | 2005, 17() | pp.267~294 | number of Cited : 32
    This paper is to explain the relationship between the construction and meaning of the locomotion verb, 'kada'. The researchers have focused on alternative construction of 'kada' verb which is typically categorized as one of intransitive verbs. Actually the verb 'kada' is realized with '-e/rɨl(을/를)' NP. '-e/rɨl(을/를)' is a particle for a direct object. The approach to explain the distinctive phenomena needs the knowledge about verb's meaning crust. Syntactic approach didn't use frame semantic elements which is consisted of pragmatic meaning and encyclopedic knowledge adding to the skeletal meaning, argument structure. This thesis has the basis that all constructions are correlated to specific meanings of the verb. Constructions are strongly motivated to relate with verb's meaning structure. 'Kada' verb can be also used as a transitive verb in case that [objectness]or [patientness] is a prominent meaning element in the evident of 'kada'. The analysis of linking a scene to construction establishes a fact that all kinds syntactic alternatives of one verb has a strong relationship with heir verb frame meaning.