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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

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2005, Vol.18, No.

  • 1.

    Meaning Transfer of Korean State Nouns

    차 준 경 | 2005, 18() | pp.1~22 | number of Cited : 3
    This paper deals with Korean state nouns that can be interpre ted as multiple meaning. We focus on the usage of state nouns with a contextual variation. To find out the logical relationship between multiple meaning, we classify them as a property and relation. Property is composed of human property, artifact property, event property, and place and time property. Relation is composed of time relation, place relation and social relation. State (property) nouns can be referred to entity type that is modified by the property. These phenomena happen to when the relation of property and entity is closely associated or fixed. In State (Relation) nouns, we found place concept word can be referred to social concept word. Also social concept word can be used to refer to human entity type. In this case, contextual meaning of noun is related to the semantic structure of a word, and the possible contextual meaning is underspecified in the lexical semantic structure. The specific contextual meaning can be realized by the contextual effect such as combining with adjectives and verbs. Multiple meaning of state nouns is closely related to each other, even though they are different semantic types. Possible multiple meaning can be represented in the lexical semantic structure.
  • 2.

    The Meaning of the Conjunction 'kurona'

    신 지 연 | 2005, 18() | pp.23~48 | number of Cited : 26
    The function of Korean disjunction word 'kurona' is to cut off all the expectations or implicatures of preceding sentence so that the description of the following sentence can be liberated from any of the presuppositions of the preceding sentence. In result, the disjunction of two sentences has the effect of contrast. When there are lexical opposition or symmetrical arrangement of grammatical structure between the sentences, they might be interpreted as having an antagonistic relationship. But this antagonistic feature is not coming from the conjunction 'kurona' itself but the lexical of grammatical surroundings. 'kurona' just disconnect the flow of semantic relation of two sentences. In that case the contrast is objective. The targets of contrast, the preceding or following propositions which 'kurona' combines could be subjective or implicative. On the more, 'kurona' can block some part of implicatures of the preceding sentence. It is especially used for emphasis or development of text description. This function is not found for the endings of the similar function.
  • 3.

    A study on the meaning of the verb ‘hilhuda’

    연 규 동 | 2005, 18() | pp.49~71 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper aims to study the verb “hilhuda” intensively. There are many verbs which are compounded of ‘-hilhuda(힐우다)’ in old Korean literatures. We came to the conclusion as follows; (1) The present dictionaries of old Korean give no mention of such words as ‘machohilhuda(마초힐후다), bwitrihilhuda(뷔트리힐후다), jurihilhuda(주리힐후다), trihilhuda(트리힐후다), hyeohilhuda(혀힐후다)’. (2) We examined the meaning of the ‘-hilhuda’ verbs and re-defined their meanings. (3) We found that the common meaning of the ‘-hilhuda’ verbs is [repetition] or [transfer] (4) We also found that the meaning of the verb {hilhuda} is [dispute] or [argument]. (5) We assume that the original meaning of ‘-hilhuda’ and {hilhuda} may be [repetition] or [transfer].
  • 4.

    Anaphora Resolution in Man-Machine dialogue system.

    Eun-Kyoung Jo , Suh, Jung Yeon | 2005, 18() | pp.73~98 | number of Cited : 3
    This paper explores the various types of referring expressions and the method of resolving them in a man-machine dialogue system. The types of anaphora include the pronominal, definite noun phrase, count noun, bound noun, and anaphoric verb. Anaphora used in a dialogue refer to the information that a speaker and a hearer share. Specifically, we show unrecent anaphoric phenomena in the task-oriented dialogue, and propose a anaphora processing method for natural language processing in the level of discourse.
  • 5.

    Building Thesaurus for Science & Technology Domains With Specification of Semantic Standards

    황순희 , YOON,AE-SUN | 2005, 18() | pp.99~124 | number of Cited : 5
    The purpose of this paper is to specify semantic standards for the clarification of technical terms, and to apply them in a real thesaurus building process. Based on semantic componential analysis, we examine potential criteria, and try to select relevant ones and to classify them in a hierarchical order. Chapter 2 investigates two current semantic standards for thesaurus building: "facet" introduced by Library & Information Science and "semantic feature" used in semantics. After redefining the term "facet" in a broader sense in order that it describes various relationships among terms as well as inherent semantic features of a term, we specify and subcategorize semantic standards, in chapter 3. We classify them into 2 categories for the first level: conceptual facet and relational facet. The latter contains 3 sub-categories: category relational facet, attribute relational facet and thematic relational facet. Chapter 4 presents the applicability of our semantic standards, in building thesaurus for 13 science and technology domains
  • 6.

    The Distribution and Meaning of ‘-dabda’, ‘-lobda’, ‘-seureobda’

    Kim Jung Nam | 2005, 18() | pp.125~148 | number of Cited : 10
    This study has three aims. The first is describing the distribution of three suffixes, ‘-dabda’, ‘-lobda’, ‘-seureobda’ respectively. The second is comparing and contrasting the distribution of them. The third is establishing the relation of them as one morpheme. The three suffixes have a common function that derives similar types of adjectives, but they have been identified as independent or separated lexical items. In this paper I claim that they are allomorphes of one morpheme. In the 15th century ‘-dabda’ and ‘-lobda’ are alternate. The one occurs in the post position of consonants, the other occurs in the post position of vowels. And their meanings are the same. But ‘-dabda’ lost the productivity and then ‘-lobda’ lost its pair in the complementary environment in the 16th century. Accordingly ‘-seureobda’ appears as a derivational suffix of the adjectives with a strong productivity. Whereas ‘-lobda’ has a phonological construction that can't occur in the post position of consonants, ‘-seureobda’ doesn't have such a phonological restriction. Ultimately ‘-seureobda’ has become the only productive derivational suffix of the adjectives. Meanwhile ‘-dabda’ is divided into two suffixes, ‘-dabda1’, ‘-dabda2,. ‘-dabda2’ has a different meaning from ‘-dabda1’ and has productivity as ever. Furthermore, ‘-seureobda2’ divided from ‘-seureobda’ and ‘-dabda2’ are opposed to each other in meaning. The one has a negative meaning, and the other has a positive meaning.
  • 7.

    The aspects of the meaning extension of the Taste-terms

    정 수 진 | 2005, 18() | pp.149~174 | number of Cited : 37
    The purpose of this study is to explore the aspects of the meaning extension of the Taste-terms. The basic meaning of Taste-terms are extended by subjectivity and impressive judgement of the subject when feeling a taste. First, Taste-terms '달다(sweet)' and '쓰다(bitter)' are extended to whole taste of the food with meaning of the delicious or tasteless. Secondly, the taste-terms make and communicate the new meaning pleasant or unpleasant by transmitted to other sense. Finally, the taste-terms communicate the emotion that the subject feels mentally in situation surrounded the subject by transmitted to an act or a situation. This paper is divided up into four chapters. In chapter 1, I present accounts of the aim and the scope of this paper. In chapter 2, I explore the aspects of the meaning extension of the Taste-terms. In chapter 3, I analyze and describe the meaning of these expressions by metaphor and metonymy on the basis of experientialism of cognitive linguistics. In chapter 4, I summarize the discussion and presented the aspects of meaning extension of the Taste-terms with the diagram.
  • 8.

    The pragmatic elements concerned with the sounds of utterance

    Chang, Kyung hee , Kim Tae-kyung | 2005, 18() | pp.175~196 | number of Cited : 4
    This paper deals with the pragmatic elements concerned with the sounds of utterance. I discuss about various phonological devices to express pragmatic elements appearing throughout the vocal sounds, not only prosodic but phonemic and phonetic as well. It is shown that the sounds play an important part in indicating the meaning of utterances on pragmatic level such as the illocutionary act, the attitude of speakers, and the discourse type. I propose that the interface research between pragmatic and phonetic studies enlarge the field of Korean linguistic researches.
  • 9.

    The developmental aspect of the expansion of question in children's conversation

    Kim Jungsun , Myung-Hee Kim | 2005, 18() | pp.197~215 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    The purposes of this study is to show the development aspect of the expansion of questions in children's conversation. The expansion of question can be classified into the questions' performance reinforcement and the question activity's expansion. And these can be divided into sub-category. We examine the development aspect of expansive questions' sub-category by age. When it comes to the results of the analysis, it is as following. 1) The expansion of question increase as the children' age rises. 2) In the logical reinforcement, the adducing reasons increase and the offering background information decrease as the children' age rises. 3) Among the clarifying reinforcement, the repetition of question decrease and the concreting increase by aging. 4) As the schoolchildren rises, the arrangement expansion decrease and the deepening expansion increase in the question activity's expansion.
  • 10.

    The Functions, Pragmatic Characteristics, and Linking Constraints in Vocative Constructions

    고 성 환 | 2005, 18() | pp.217~242 | number of Cited : 19
    A vocative construction of Korean has two functions: identifying and expressive. While the identifying function is the fundamental element in a vocative construction, the expressive function play a key role in its actual employment. A vocative construction is not possible unless the expressive function is not fulfilled. ‘Family name’, ‘first name’, or ‘family name + first name’ usually precedes an appellation. Ordinary constraints in a vocative construction can be summarized in the following. First, the first name does not precede an appellation in a vocative construction when the addressee is a senior. Second, ‘family name’, ‘first name’, or ‘family name + first name’ do not usually precede an appellation. when the addressee owns the feature of uniqueness. ‘Family name’ or ‘family name + first name’ can precede an appellation of the addressee when the speaker is in the same or a higher position. Third, even if the speaker is in a higher position, ‘first name’ does not precede an appellation of the addressee when the appellation designates his/her social standing.