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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

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2004, Vol.14, No.

  • 1.

    A Study on Brand Naming of Apartments

    채 완 | 2004, 14() | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Chae, Wan. 2004. A Study on Brand Naming of Apartments. Korean Semantics, 14. This study investigates the formation of brand names of apartments from a morphological perspective. An apartment has its own brand as other goods. Names of apartments are composed of company, region, brand and category names. Various formation methods are used in brand naming of apartments. Words forming brand names of apartments originate from diverse languages, such as Korean, Sino-Korean, English, French, German, Spanish and Latin. Many brand names are composed of English words, which take more than 80% of brand names. Some Korean or Sino-Korean brand names have English homonyms, such as 드림(Charm Dream), 美羅住(Mirage) and so forth. It is generally believed that brand names should be morphologically simple and easy to pronounce. As Korean is an agglutinative language. verbs and adjectives have to be attatched with endings to make new compound words. As a result, the brand names composed of verbs or adjectives tend to be long and complicated. To avoid this, the namists use nouns in most brand naming. However, it is hard to make diverse brand names only with Korean nouns. That's why the namists prefer foreign-originated words, compounds with a structure of modifier-noun, and phrasal names in brand naming.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Present Situation and Problems of Naming Toponym words ??Focusing on the Rear Part Elements of Road Names??

    박 병 철 | 2004, 14() | pp.31~53 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Park, Byeong-Cherl. 2004. A Study on the Present Situation and Problems of Naming Toponym words Focusing on the Rear Part Elements of Road Names. Koeran Semantics, 14. This thesis aims to search for appropriate naming of rear part elements of the road names. For this purpose, we analyzed lexicons of road names of Cheongju area. The most big problem is using ‘-로(-ro)’ and ‘-길(-kil)’ in roads and streets at the same time without regarding the rank of roads. As a result, information holding capability of rear part elements is decreased. As for naming the dividing elements serial numbers are utilized without regarding property of roads that also decreases information holding capability. In conclusion we suggest naming of rear part elements of the roads as follows.-대로(-DaeRo) : Use in Main Roads-로(-Ro) : Use in Semi Main Roads-가(-Ka) : Use in Paths-골목(-Kolmok), -고샅(-kosat), -굽이(-Kubi) : Use in Lanes
  • 3.

    Naming in North Koran

    전 수 태 | 2004, 14() | pp.55~73 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Jeon, Soo-tae. 2004. Naming in North Koran. Korean Semantics, 14. North Korean government strongly recommends that their people should give one's name easy to call and hear, and should do it with Koreannative words and traditional naming methods. Names of area (administrative district), street and college of North Korea are related with Kim Ileong's family or admiration of North Korean political system. They also recommend names of plants and animals that are cleared from Japanese naming style but contains Juche ideology. Kim Ilsung himself gave some of the names of that kind. After his death, lots of names of idolising his family has been made.
  • 4.

    The Ontological Meaning Classification of Suffix -based on Noun Suffix-

    나 은 미 | 2004, 14() | pp.75~95 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Na, Eun-mi. 2004. The Ontological Meaning Classification of Suffix -based on Noun Suffix-. Korean Semantics, 14. This paper is to present the meaning classification standard of derivational suffix, by which noun suffix is classified. The ontological classification standard based on the existence aspect of things is taken for the meaning classification standard. It is classified into <entities> and <mode>, the existence way of entities. And <entities> into the <concrete entities> and the <abstract entities>, the <concrete entities> into <persons> and <things>, <mode> into <event and state of things> and <relation>, <event and state of things> into <events> and <states>, and <relation> into <dimension> and <unit>.
  • 5.

    A Cognitive Analysis of Lexicalization Patterns of (Dis-)Honorification in Korean

    구 현 정 | 2004, 14() | pp.97~120 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    Koo, Hyun Jung. 2004. A Cognitive Analysis of Lexicalization Patterns of (Dis-)Honorification in Korean. Korean Semantics, 14. The objective of this paper is to explore the lexicalization patterns of honorification/dishonorification in Korean. Honorification and dishon- orification are considered as essential elements in Korean, probably due to the extended family system and rigid social stratification. Honorification is a robust grammatical element realized by inflection. Derivational process is relatively less productively employed for marking honorification. Frequently used methods include using Sino- Korean counterparts, suppletion, and metaphorical/metonymical expressions to enhance the prestige of the word, by avoiding directness of the semantic designation. Sino-Korean words/morphemes are considered to enhance the prestige of the word. Dishonorification, as discussed here, does not simply mean the lack of honorification. It has a more active sense of showing contempt to others. Dishonorification, unlike honorification, largely depends on lexicalization processes. Word derivation recruits diverse objects such as animals and other natural objects, as well as qualities of actions and states, and a large number of suffixes, the majority of which are opaque in source meanings. However, there are ample number of source data that shed the light on what is collectively conceptualized as contemptible by the Korean language community. This paper addresses individual cognitive mechanisms involved in such lexicalization patterns.
  • 6.

    A Study on the Meaning of Synonym of the Emotion Verbs.

    김 은 영 | 2004, 14() | pp.121~147 | number of Cited : 28
    Abstract
    Kim, Eun-Yeong. 2004. A Study on the Meaning of Synonym of the Emotion Verbs. Korean Semantics, 14. This is a study on the meaning differences not only between ‘즐겁다’(enjoy oneself) and ‘기쁘다’(be pleased), ‘재미있다’(be amused), ‘신난다’(be excited), which are synonym of ‘즐겁다’, but also between ‘무섭다’(be scared) and ‘두렵다’(be afraid), ‘겁나다’(be feared), ‘섬뜩하다’(be frightened), which are synonym of ‘무섭다’. Although the method of analyzing vocabularies is generally to observe the denotation of them, it is difficult to identify the denotation of the emotion verbs for they describe the state of emotion. Therefore the meaning differences are analyzed by iden- tifying the denotation of the emotion verbs through the relations to co-occurrence constraint with nouns at this study. The important point of this study is to analyze the relations to co-occurrence constraint with all nouns objectively. In addition to this, there have never been the preceding study on the meaning differences of them. The results of analyzing the meaning differences show the differences according as whether they can connotate the concrete movements or not, they can respond to the concrete objects or abstracts as well, they are affected strongly by the sense of sight or not, they have the strong estimative meaning or not, they are expecting something or not, they put the point of meaning on showing speaker's state of emotion or the objects which emotion responds to.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Meaning of Korean Auxiliary Verb ‘Daeda’

    Park, SunOk | 2004, 14() | pp.149~167 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Park, Sun-ok. 2004. A Study on the Meaning of Korean Auxiliary Verb ‘Daeda’. Korean Semantics, 14. The purpose of this study is to analyze closely the meaning of Korean auxiliary verb ‘daeda’. The semantic character of auxiliary verb has the grammatical meaning of aspect and modality and the meaning of pragmatics, according to the state of pragmatics. The basic meaning of auxiliary verb ‘daeda’ is the meaning of incomplete aspect ‘repetition’. It means the contents of the proposition stated by main verb, that is, repetition of the act composing of the scene. And the auxiliary verb ‘daeda’ means the modality, similar to the speaker's judgment, that is, the speaker's psychological attitude. the modality, first, represents the ‘emphasis’ of proposition. Second, it represents the judgement of the speaker’s ‘excessiveness of degree’ on the repetition of the act. The auxiliary verb ‘daeda’ has the pragmatic meaning of the speaker’s negative value judgment of the contents of utterance. And it also represents the meaning of ‘abasement’.
  • 8.

    A Diachronic Study on the Syntactic Structure of Korean Intransitive Verbs

    황 국 정 | 2004, 14() | pp.169~195 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Hwang, Kuk-Jung. 2004. A Diachronic Study on the Syntactic Structure of Korean Intransitive Verbs. Korean Semantics, 14. This article aims at the systematic investigation for the formation of ‘NP-lul’ argument in the structures of intransitive verbs used in the 15th century. All the intransitive verbs of the 15th century were made an object of this study. The study includes the diachronic aspects of the structures and the change of them in the Modern and contemporary Korean. In addition, the grammatical meaning of the syntactic change occurred in the structures of intransitive verbs is discussed centering around the ‘NP-lul’ argument. The newly generated ‘NP-lul’ from the structures of intransitive verbs can be divided with the type of -roles. There are ‘NP-lul’ arguments of ‘theme’, ‘source’, ‘goal’, ‘location’, and so on. The formation of ‘NP-lul’ argument in the structures of intransitive verbs has a very important grammatical meaning. It is due to the fact that the intransitive verb can obtain the transitivity by the argument. Since the intransitive verb plays a grammatical role as a ergative verb, the argument formation can be regarded as a meaningful change of grammar.
  • 9.

    On the Difference between ‘mankeum’ Comparatives and ‘cheorum’ Comparatives

    오 경 숙 | 2004, 14() | pp.197~221 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Oh, Kyoungsook. 2004. On the Difference between ‘mankeum’ Comparatives and ‘cheorum’ Comparatives. Korean Semantics, 14. The purpose of the thesis is to make the difference between ‘mankeum’ comparatives and ‘cheorum’ comparatives clear. In lots of studies on the matter, the meaning of ‘mankeum’ comparatives is explain as ‘comparison between two degrees’ but the meaning of ‘cheoreom’ comparatives’ is explain differently one another. We tried to explain that the meaning of ‘mankeum’ comparatives is related to ‘gradability’ but that of ‘cheoreom’ comparatives is not. In doing so, we organized the three properties of ‘degree comparison’ and checked various kinds of ‘cheoreom’ comparatives. And we argued that the meaning of ‘mankeum’ comparatives is to express the comparison of the ‘degrees’ but the meaning of ‘cheoreom’ comparatives is to express the comparison of the ‘events·states’.
  • 10.

    A Study on Types of Presupposition

    문 금 현 | 2004, 14() | pp.223~254 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract
    Moon, Keum-Hyun. 2004. A Study on Types of Presupposition. Korean Semantics, 14. This study focuses on types of presupposition in the Korean language. Chapter 2, 3 give a basic discussion concerning the definition, characteristics and the various types of presupposition. This study classifies types of presupposition in Korean as fixed and fluctuating presupposition and arranges representative generating mechanisms that cause presupposition. The various types of Korean presupposition are lexical, morphological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic. Chapter 4 examines presupposition generating mechanisms. First, this study presents prefix-derived words and constituent adverbs as representative generating mechanisms of lexical presupposition; particles, gerund final ending and subordinate conjunction endings as them of morphological presupposition; and quantifier sentences, cleft sentences and interrogative sentences as them of syntactical presupposition. Furthermore, semantic selectional restrictions are presented as them of semantic presupposition; and conversational participants, conversational situations, conversational maxims, courtesy speech, euphemism, expressions of indirect speech, and fixed ideas are presented as them of pragmatic presupposition. Using questionnaires, this study compares the differences of degree in which these generating mechanisms cause presupposition. The results of the questionnaires show that the generating mechanisms of lexical presupposition, including prefix-derived verbs, repetitive adverbs, descriptive adverbs, prefix-derived nouns and mimetic adverbs are the strongest generating mechanisms. This study verifies that the strength of presupposition derived from the lexical meaning of the vocabulary itself is greater than presupposition based on grammatical meaning in a sentence.
  • 11.

    An Analysis of the Characteristics of Infants’ Words and Expressions

    Chang, Kyung hee , Joonhee Lee , 권우진 | 2004, 14() | pp.255~273 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    Chang, Kyung-Hee, Lee, Joon-Hee & Kwon, Woo-Jin. 2004. An Analysis of the Characteristics of Infants’ Words and Expressions. Korean Semantics, 14. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ways 12 to 23-month-year-old infants used their vocabulary in their language development stages. One of the characteristics of infants’ lexicon is the small number of their words and semantic feature that they perceive and apply. In addition to the small pool of vocabulary, the fact that they use the semantic feature of it in designating or describing every object or situation in their everyday lives makes the extension of each word expand, accordingly. This characteristic was discussed as ‘undifferentiation’ from the perspective of meaning. Considering the number of linguistic forms that infants have and the semantic feature they use, the scope of their extension seems wide. This explains why they say ‘Grandma’ to call ‘Aunt’ and ‘Milk’ instead of ‘Juice,’ forcefully applying their words to the given objects. That is not just a mistake made without their knowing, but rather a unique phenomenon taking place in the process of their language acquisition. The characteristics of infants’ uses of words according to their meanings can be summarized with the ‘undifferentiation’ due to the fundamental lack of semantic features. As a result, they show many distinctive events in expression such as ‘multifunctionality, confusion with the perception of parts of speech, overuse of the words mimicking sound and shape, and categorization.’
  • 12.

    A Study on an Errors of Sentences in a Korean Language Textbooks

    이 병 규 | 2004, 14() | pp.275~295 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Lee, Byoung-Gyu. 2004. A Study on an Errors of Sentences in a Korean Language Textbooks. Korean Semantics, 14. Korean language textbooks are considered to be a tool for the learners to develop the abilities in understanding and expressing their mother tongue while the learners organize, produce, understand a text. Therefore it is necessary for the Korean language textbooks to be even more perfect as a text, comparing to the materials or textbooks for the other subjects. However, it is often shown that the sentences used in the textbook have some semantic or grammatical problems in analysing them. This study is to analyse the sentences used in the Korean language textbooks, and to show the cases the sentences are not well-formed semantically, explaining where the cases result from. The errors can be caused by many factors, but a point we want to focus on in this study is that a grammatically not well-formed sentence can cause the semantic errors. That is to say that the grammatical errors of a sentence eventually can cause the semantic errors. From this point of view, this study categorizes the errors (of the sentences used in the Korean language textbooks) into the errors caused by the grammatical reasons and the lexical reasons.
  • 13.