Korean Semantics 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.92

Korean | English

pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

http://journal.kci.go.kr/semantics
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2007, Vol.23, No.

  • 1.

    The Meanings and Pragmatic Interpretation of ta in Hyperbole

    구 일 민 | 2007, 23() | pp.1~20 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Koo, Yil-min. 2007. The Meanings and Pragmatic Interpretation of ta in Hyperbole. Korean Semantics, 23. This study is to show the usage and pragmatic interpretation of 'ta' which means 'all' or 'almost all' in Korean. The fact that Korean's 'ta' may represent the speaker's sense of exaggeration, disappointment, or surprise further amplifies the myriad of possibilities for pragmatic or metapragmatic interpretations. Therefore, the focus of this paper will be to examine 'ta' as a hyperbole under the various tools of pragmatic analysis. As it were, there is room for other presumptions, which are not applicable to typical logical entailment. Firstly, in the situation of interpreting 'ta' as a Korean hyperbole, we may understand it as exceptional cancellation in virtue of the 'scale-reversal.' Secondly, through the ad hoc 'Hirschberg scale', it is not improper to assume that the speaker may adjust the order of 'all' and 'almost all,' depending on the speaker's implicature. Besides, we confirm that 'ta' may be interpreted by the particular situation of when implicature precedes entailment. Furthermore, it could be through the 'ellipses unpacking' of '(almost) ta' that 'almost ta' is concerned. Lastly, one of the synonymy of 'ta' may be chosen in the process of 'disambiguation.' Likewise, the interpretation combined with the diverse pragmatic approaches should be conducive to harmonious communication.
  • 2.

    Object-Preposing in Korean and the Information Structure

    김 민 선 | 2007, 23() | pp.21~56 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Kim, Min-sun. 2007. Object-Preposing in Korean and the Information Structure. Korean Semantics, 23. This study deals with the object-preposing sentence/utterances in Korean, and examines the sentence-initial objects according to the attached morphemes in the information structure. NUN shows that the objects are relationally given and represents ‘contrastiveness’. NP-NUN can be either contrastive topic(relationally given) or contrastive focus(relationally new). UL mostly shows that the objects are relationally new, but has no direct relation to givenness. Preposed NP-s are relationally given. In conclusion, neither sentence-initial position nor preposed NP-NUN have no direct relation to topic(relational givenness).
  • 3.

    Research on the opposition of dimensional adjectives: the case of gipda 'deep' and yata 'shallow'

    박선영 , Ki-Sun Hong | 2007, 23() | pp.57~76 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract PDF
    Park, Sun-young & Hong, Ki-sun. 2007. Research on the opposition of dimensional adjectives: the case of gipda 'deep' and yata 'shallow'. Korean Semantics, 23. Spatial dimension terms generally have been argued to have pairs of antonyms. However, a closer look at those objects they are applied to shows that those pairs are not in exact symmetrical relation. Particularly dimensional adjectives designating depth have been strongly suspected of their opposition in that they have some noticeable differences in comparison with other dimension terms. For example, the frequency data show huge gap between gipda 'deep' and yata 'shallow'. Also cross linguistically some languages do not have distinct lexical terms corresponding to yata even though they have ones corresponding to gipda.In this paper we consider the opposition between dimensional adjectives gipda and yata on the basis of corpus data. First we extract and analyze spatial object terms which occur together with gipda and yata. Then we work on the meanings of dimensional terms gipda and yata and their opposition. In conclusion we suggest that gipda and yata have their own semantic range and they are in opposition just when referring to the obejcts which have both opening and bottom in them.
  • 4.

    The education and development of textbook of Korean word of foreign origin

    Oh Mi Jung , 이혜용 | 2007, 23() | pp.77~108 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract
    Oh Mi-jung·Lee Hye-yong. 2007. The education and development of textbook of Korean word of foreign origin. Korean Semantics, 23. This study discusses the principles and the condition of the development of textbook in Koran education as the fundamental work for the development of textbook of a words of foreign origin, and the practical conception of textbook. Chapter two examines the current education of a words of foreign origin from the past studies, and explored foreign students' perception and demands on a words of foreign origin using the survey. Chapter three shows the principles and the condition of the development of textbook in Korean education as the following three levels. 1) The classification of the rank of referred an entry word: Entry word of words of foreign origin in Korean education can be classified by the morphologic construction or frequency, the range, the degree of difficulty, durability in Korean. This study argues the use of this classification in vocabulary textbook. 2) The arrangement of vocabularies classified by the rank: This study suggests not the general arranging in alphabetical order but multi-level arrangement to show compound · derived connection effectively. 3) Textbook having a dictionary format and a study book function: This study suggests to have a dictionary format such as spelling, pronunciation, definition, example and a study book function. According to the conditions on chapter three, chapter four introduces the practical conception of textbook to study a words of foreign origin in Korean education.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Meaning of Korean Manner Adverb 'seulseul'

    Gyeongho Lee | 2007, 23() | pp.109~136 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Lee, Gyeong-ho. 2007. A Study on the Meaning of Korean Manner Adverb 'seulseul'. Korean Semantics, 23. This paper aims at determining the meanings of Korean manner adverb 'seulseul(슬슬)' and those distinctive environments, and also aims at establishing a method of analyzing manner adverbs. The methodological issues of this paper are divided into two types, namely structural and procedural types. In studying the first type, a matter of concern is concentrated on the relationship between syntactic structures and the distinctive environments of meanings in order to extract the meaning of adverb proper. Specially, in terms of paradigmatic and syntagmatic features of verbs, the distinctive environments of meanings are dealt with. In studying the second type, it is explained that the process of meaning analysis is achieved in terms of structural semantics. This process is performed through three steps: 1) to select meaning candidates, 2) to analyse the meanings with special reference to distinctive environments, 3) to establish the sememe. 'seulseul' is analyzed in terms of paradigmatic and syntagmatic features. The meanings of 'seulseul' are grouped into 'weakness-of-force, slow, covert' class, 'pain' class in terms of paradigmatic features. These two groups are attributed to two lexemes(namely, 'seulseul1', 'seulseul2') respectively. 'seulseul1' belongs to the 'weakness-of-force, slow, covert' class and has seven meanings which are distinguished by the paradigmatic feature and the selective features of its arguments.
  • 6.

    Aspects of the Figurative Meaning of Proper Noun

    Lee dong hyeok , LeeJongyeol | 2007, 23() | pp.137~158 | number of Cited : 13
    Abstract
    Lee, Dong-hyeok & Lee, Jong-yeol. 2007. Aspects of the Figurative Meaning of Proper Noun. Korean Semantics 22. The purpose of this paper is to explain aspects of the figurative meaning of the proper noun. It is argued that metaphor and metonymy can be considered a continuum with respect to a cognitive mapping. Metonymy is a cognitive processing mechanism emphasizing the co-reference use, in which two cognitive domains make an unique correspondence to each other. On the other hand, metaphor is a cognitive processing mechanism emphasizing the predicative use, in which two cognitive domains corresponds systematically to each other. Metaphor and metonymy as mentioned above consist of both end of the continuum. Metaphor used referentially and metonymy used predicatively are in the middle of the continuum. The figurative meanings of proper noun are representative case showing the aspects in the middle of continuum. The figurative proper nouns have a typically metonymic meaning. In some cases, however, they take place as a result of interaction between metaphor and metonymy.
  • 7.

    A Pragmatic Analysis of kesiki in Levinson's GCI Theory

    전 성 호 | 2007, 23() | pp.159~179 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Chun, Sung-ho. 2007. A Pragmatic Analysis of kesiki in Levinson's GCI Theory. Korean semantics 23. The present study aims at analysis of the Korean dialect discourse marker kesiki by Levinson's GCI (Generalized Conversational Implicature) theory. Many previous pragmatic analyses of kesiki were studied by Sperber and Wilson's Relevance Theory which does not allow GCI. However, by the weak point of Relevance Theory itself, in order to interpret the implicatures of kesiki, an addressee should consider all utterance situation and context, and given world in all situations where a speaker uses it. However it is contradictory to the pragmaticians' general idea in that interpreting an implicature is much easier than any abilities of humanbeings. In this paper, we should distinguish between GCI and PCI (Particularized Conversational Implicature) in analyzing the implicatures of kesiki by Levinson's theory. And I shall represent the analysis by GCI theory is more appropriate to explain the phenomena that the interpretation of kesiki is easy and correct between Korean dialect speakers. In this paper, we will discuss i) the status of kesiki in a Korean dialect, ii) the pragmatic analysis of kesiki in the Relevance Theory, and iii) the other one, contrasting to the former, in Levinson's GCI theory. According to them, moreover, I shall indicate validity and appropriateness of GCI theory.
  • 8.

    A Study on Image-schematic Metaphor of Korean idioms

    최지훈 | 2007, 23() | pp.179~205 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract
    Choi Ji-hoon. 2007. A Study on Image-schematic Metaphor of Korean idioms. Korean Semantics, 23. In a cognitive linguistic approach, this paper tries to inspect how our conceptual structure links with language by examining various aspects of Image-schematic Metaphor in Korean idioms and diverse idioms derived from conceptual metaphors. A metaphor is the definition mechanism that enables us to understand certain meanings more easily as well as the formation mechanism for new idioms. Idioms in this study show that the phrases used as literal meanings can have new meanings transferred by metaphors. A metaphor based on image schema is easily found in our everyday language. There are many examples of idioms affected by the metaphor based on image schema. Korean idioms are motivated by container metaphor, movement metaphor, orientational metaphor and link metaphor among various metaphors based on image schema. This study shows that meanings of idioms still have links with literal meanings. At the same time, metaphors involved to create meanings of idioms is not dead metaphor, but is rather naturally linked with our conceptual structure.