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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

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2008, Vol.27, No.

  • 1.

    A study on the gilda[long]/jjalda[short]'s meaning extension

    Eok jo Kim | 2008, 27() | pp.1~20 | number of Cited : 12
    The purpose of this paper is to research about the gilda[long]/jjalda[short]'s meaning extension in the corpus data. They were used with body-part terms, space domain, time domain and abstract domain widely. In this paper, it is extended through the metaphor and metonymy. If it changes the domain, I treated the change as the metaphor. But if it dosen't change the domain, I treated the change as the metonymy. First, the gilda[long] and the jjalda[short] are used with body-part terms widely. It is basic usage. Second, it is extended to the space domain, involving in things and actions. Space domain divides into vertical and horizontal domain. Third, it is extended to the time domain. And then it is extended to the abstract domain.
  • 2.

    The Principle of the Korean Orthography: Centered on the Interpretation of the First Provision of General Rules

    Kim Jung Nam | 2008, 27() | pp.21~44 | number of Cited : 22
    This study attempts an interpretation of the meaning of two main ideas or rules of <한글맞춤법(Korean Orthography)>. Those two ideas are “following the sound” and “according to the word-rule”. I maintain that these two function together and are used to represent actual spellings in the Korean script. “Scripting following the sound” is not to write in a transcriptional manner but to spell according to the actual pronunciation that words or phrases possess. “Scripting according to the word- rule” is not to write the each part of the complex words respectively without any consideration of other conditions. In order to spell each constituent of complex words separately, two conditions should be satisfied. The one condition is the semantic relation between the roots or bases, and the other condition is the productivity of the suffixes or endings. When one of these two conditions are not met, we cannot write the constituents separately. ‘The sound’ has priority over ‘the word-rule’. So spelling against the sound is not acceptable, although it keeps the word-rule.
  • 3.

    Some issues on the usage of tense endings and expressions corresponding to tense

    Mun, Suk-yeong | 2008, 27() | pp.45~73 | number of Cited : 21
    Abstract PDF
    This article aims to argue that the usage of tense cannot be explained solely in terms of tense semantics and requires a consideration of tense pragmatics. In other words, what tense forms basically mean and when these tense forms are used are not identical but distinguishable questions. According to this study, tense forms are selected at times because of their own connotative meaning and examples where the location of situation time and tense meaning do not agree are generally cases of ‘intentional use’. This kind of occurrence of tense forms can be resulted from the discourse characteristics or discourse structure of TV News.
  • 4.

    Categorial Semantic corelation on ‘-i(-이), i(이), i-(이-)’

    박선자 | 2008, 27() | pp.75~102 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the semantic corelation on categorial meaning of ‘-i(이), i(이), i-(이-)’. The background hypothesis of this paper is that the first deictic expression i(이) is the origin of nominal mark -i(이) and predicate i-(이-). I suppose that -i(-이) is from the grammarti calization of i(이), and i-(이-) is from the lexicalization of i(이). To investigate the semantic corelation on categorial meaning of ‘-i(이), i(이), i-(이-)’ will be the meaningful supports of this grammarti calization and lexicalization of i(이). For this purpose, I find the prototype meanings of deixis i(이) and then I define them ‘substituteness, deictic definetness(here & this), predicateness’.
  • 5.

    On the Distinctive Property of the Proper Name

    Park Jaeyon | 2008, 27() | pp.103~126 | number of Cited : 14
    The aim of this paper is to find the distinctive property of the proper name. The criterion that the proper name is the name which has only one referent or has no connotative meaning cannot explain our intuition of judging the names of products(having many referents in the world) or the names of texts(having connotative meanings in general) to be the proper names. I insist that the distinctive property of proper name is in the idiosyncrasy of the process of generating it or listing it to the lexicon. A common name can be listed to the lexicon only if the native speakers in linguistic society approve that word. However, a proper name can be listed to the lexicon as soon as the authorized person performs the naming ceremony without the procedure of people's approval. On the basis of this criterion, we can explain our intuition of judging persons' names, names of products, names of texts, and specific natural kind terms as proper names.
  • 6.

    Analysis of Polysemous Semantic Relations of Korean Verb ‘jida’

    Min Woo Lee | 2008, 27() | pp.127~150 | number of Cited : 24
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the semantic relations of the Korean verb ‘jida’, which are identified to be various meanings with identical form, and to understand interrelation between the meanings. A lexical meaning should be understood only in the syntagmatic relation in a sentence in which the word is used. Therefore, the author in this study was able to identify the meanings of ‘jida’ through usage analysis of the verb shown in corpus data to extract its meanings as practically used. The author also performed a questionnaire survey on semantic correlation to investigate how speakers categorize the meanings of ‘jida’, a verb used with various meanings. In this survey, all the meanings of the verb ‘jida’ were presented with identical forms to identify how the users understand and distinguish the correlations between the meanings. This study is an attempt to analyze the conception of the subject of language and to identify the cognition of those who use the language in a practical manner. This attempt may lead to reasoning on the relations between meanings. The speakers classified the given meanings by forming a relation for each, and this process may reveal the cognitive aspects of the speakers categorizing the lexical meanings. The motives and mechanisms of such classification may be identical with those that human beings use when they use languages.
  • 7.

    The meaning of color terms in Korean and visual universals

    Lee, Jeong-Ae | 2008, 27() | pp.151~178 | number of Cited : 22
    This paper aims to explain meanings of the color terms in Korean and to provide some evidences for visual universals. Berlin and Kay's study on color has been based on the assumption that there are some conceptual universals of color. Based on NSM(Natural Semantic Metalanguage) theory, this study challenges the Berlin and Kay paradigm. At first, by using semantic atoms and molecules, this paper shows that indigenous visual descriptors can be analyzed without reference to color. Secondly, these visual descriptors are based on identifiable visual prototypes and the universal concept of seeing rather than universals of color. The prototypes conceptualize the most salient and easily recognized objects in natural environments. For example, we perceive the cycle of day and night as being be light and dark, and connect it to colors of white and black. In the same sense, sun, fire and blood are the prototypes of red, while sky, sea and grass are the prototypes of blue and ground is the prototype of yellow. Third, explication of colors in this study also explains color naming practices in Korean, suggesting that colors are not arbitrary symbols but are based on some reasons.
  • 8.

    Aspects of Meaning Acquisition and Development of the ‘gaji-da’ Construction in Korean

    LeeJongyeol | 2008, 27() | pp.179~198 | number of Cited : 4
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the semantic characteristics and developmental changes of the Possession Construction in Korean young children's. Data are gathered using a interview and free-talking conversation from Korean-speaking children's, at the mean ages 3~6-years-olds(49, 84, 96, 84 participants per age group). Possession explains the relationship that exists between a possessor and object. The results are as follows; First, the concept of possession contain within it the process that is the event of conveying possession and the state of possession as well. The construction ‘gaji-da’ were widely used in Korean to express the possessive event or state. Second, the construction ‘gaji-da’ advanced from possessive construction, change-of-state construction to cause-result construction. Third, the predicate ‘gaji-da’ represents the change of possessive state with activity because ‘gaji-da’ is combined with ‘-go + Verb’ to create a resulting state. Forth, the cause-result construction represents to aspects of cognitive understanding about the possessive action and possessive state. The development of Construction is closely tied to be a embodied experience of event scenes.
  • 9.

    On the Description of the Beverage Nouns in the Dictionary

    Hongshik Yi | 2008, 27() | pp.199~224 | number of Cited : 3
    This thesis deals with the definition of beverage nouns, their scope and sub classes. According to [Standard Korean Dictionary], a drink noun is a noun which means liquid which is made for a human being to drink. This definition may exclude ‘water’ from drink nouns because it is not made by a human being but exists in nature. However, beverage nouns are always liquid, and thus they can bring about problems about ‘semantic classes’ in a electronic dictionary because they could belong to two semantic classes such as ‘liquid’ and ‘beverage’. We can consider this relationship as polysemy, therefore all of the beverage nouns lie in polysemy. Furthermore, any nouns which have property of liquid have two meanings systematically. If we do not consider the systematic polysemy relationship as real polysemy, they do not belong to the semantic class ‘liquid’. This paper also tries to devide beverage nouns into sub groups such as beverage, alcohol, milk, juice and tea. And we discuss the definitions of beverage nouns in [Standard Korean Dictionary] and search the ways to improve the definitions because they have several problems in terms of consistency between definitions.
  • 10.

    A Study on the Diversity of Words used by Middle and High School Students

    Chang, Kyung hee , 전은진 | 2008, 27() | pp.225~242 | number of Cited : 19
    This study aims to analyze The Number of Different Words(NDW), Total Number of Words(TNW), and Type- Token Ratio(TTR) of Korean middle school students and high school students. NDW is meaning numerical value measuring the number of different words occurred in the same number of utterance. TNW is measured through calculating the total number of words occurred in the same number of utterance. TTR means the proportion of different words to the total words. Through those analyses, I found out the fact that Korean middle school students show much higher statistical value in NDW and TNW than high school students, and high school students indicate somewhat higher value than middle school students in TTR. Depending on this result, I came to the conclusion that the diversity of words increase with the growth of age, and TTR is more adequate than NDW and TNW in assessment of word diversity in conversation.
  • 11.

    Study of the predicate meaning About Body Word Idiom : Centering on Predicate Sentence about “Tension and Anger”

    Jung Sungmi | 2008, 27() | pp.243~265 | number of Cited : 24
    Abstract PDF
    In the study among body words to express feelings, it is founded that predicate of a sentence with body-words connects what kind of feeling expression occur. Though the expression of “tension” idiom keeps both the inside and outside body-words, it has more deep connections with inside body words. In the case of the outside body-word “Chest”, it needs to belong to grouping of inside body-words because it strongly keeps the meaning of “mind” and “heart”. The common meaning nature of predicate sentence is “Heat”, “Eruption”, “Tough”, “Heat beating”, and “Pain”. Among them, the most frequent expression predicate is the common nature “Heat”. “Tension” is the emotion which is not active and not easy to observed. Because of this kind of point, inside body words can be easily distributed in predicate sentence through the meaning nature of “Heat”, “Eruption”, “Tough”, and “Heat beating”. We can observed how the expression of “Tension” connects to the predicate of sentence. Expression of Anger is much stronger than “Tension” and it has clear character. So when the expression of “Anger” is compared with “Tension”, I can find that the expression of “Eye” becomes distributed high as an outside body words and low as an inside body words.
  • 12.

    A Study of Dative Verbs in Korean - On A Change of possession

    Jo Kyungsun | 2008, 27() | pp.267~289 | number of Cited : 23
    This paper is about the dative verbs in Korean. The dative verbs means three- place predicates and also it describes the possession change from a possessor to a benificiary in a dative constructions. In order to clarify the formation phenomenon of dative constructions, Jackendoff's theory is employed. Dative construction has the change of possession switching from actor's possession to benificiary's possession. In other words, the primary situation in a dative construction is the movement of possession. The argument structure of a dative construction is ‘x-ga(가) y-reul(를) z-ege(에게) V’ and the conceptual structure is ‘[GOPoss/Loc([ ], [FROM [ ] TO [ ]])]’. The dative construction also establishes the degree of possession. Any change of possession can be classified three types according to degree of possession; (1) a transfer of possession, (2) a trust of possession, (3) a share of possession. First, a transfer of possession means that possession moves completely from a possessor to a benificiary. Second, a trust of possession means that a benificiary retains article of possessor temporarily. Third, a share of possession means that a possessor and benificiary both maintain possession.
  • 13.

    The Origin of the Place Name Bang- gogae located in Naedeok-dong, Cheongju

    Cho, Hang-bum | 2008, 27() | pp.291~313 | number of Cited : 0
    This thesis has a practical purpose to seek out the origin of a place name, Bam-gogae located in Naedeok-dong, Cheongju. This is the investigation into the original place name of Bam-gogae. As the result of this study it has been revealed as Bam-gogae. The reason why we regard Bam-gogae as its original place name is as follows: First, the pass was called Yulhyeon, Yulchi, Bam-gogae in the maps or source books on geographical names from the Japanese colonial period. Yulhyeon and Yulchi are the old names of Korea, from which Bam-gogae is considered to have been used before the Japanese colonial period. Second, this was obtained from the testimony of a reliable source. According to the testimony, old people used to say that the pass was surrounded by a dense growth of chestnut trees, which led to its geographical name, Bam-gogae. Third, in the other places which are called both Bam-gogae and Ban-gogae, the origin has been found to be Bam-gogaee. There are more than three places which have two names of Bam-gogae and Ban-gogae except Naedeok-dong, Cheonju-city, all over the country, and those geographical names all originated from Bam-gogae. This study also suggests that Ban-gogae is a similar name of Bamgogae, transformed from Bam-gogae. This is explained as a case of dissimilation (Bam-gogae>Ban-gogae) and based on several examples of geographical names, where the syllabic end ‘ㅁ’ was changed into ‘ㄴ’. In addition, this study clarified that Bam-gogae is officially used as a bus stop or in maps at present and therefore well-qualified as the standard name. As a result, it is natural that Ban-gogae, which is not a source word or well-grounded, should be excluded from the discussions on standardized geographical names.
  • 14.

    Plural and Repetition: focused on semantic characteristics of ‘deul.’

    Hyeong-gang Choe | 2008, 27() | pp.315~341 | number of Cited : 13
    This thesis is to ascertain that plural marker ‘deul’ has ‘plurality’ as a basic semantic characteristic and ‘repetitiveness’ as an applied semantic characteristic. Essentially the bare noun without the plural marker doesn't have the semantic characteristic of plurality. The basic semantic characteristic ‘plurality’ can be subdivided the semantic functions of collectivization and individualization. The applied semantic characteristic ‘repetitiveness’ is related to the semantic function of individualization. Plurality presupposes simultaneous events but repetitiveness presupposes time different events. Frequently the plural marker ‘deul’ attached to grammatical element can be used for the expression of repetitiveness. The plural marker ‘deul’ attached to noun has little relation to time different events.
  • 15.

    A Study on Ambiguity as a Language Strategy

    Sungil Han | 2008, 27() | pp.341~364 | number of Cited : 12
    The present study purposed to examine how ambiguity is utilized as a language strategy and to suggest the necessity of language strategy. Until now, ambiguity has been considered an obstacle to communication, and thus previous research has been focused on how to resolve ambiguity. However, ambiguity is rather a kind of active language strategy for suggestive and creative expression by intentionally breaking away from the maxims of daily conversation. Previous research has also used the term ‘language strategy’ often but its concept has not been defined and explained clearly. Thus, this study defined language strategy as ‘a method or scheme of language use for achieving the goal of communication’ and suggested the necessity for systematic research on the term. In addition, using riddles, humor texts and advertisement texts, this study showed that ambiguity is being utilized as an active language strategy rater than an obstacle to communication. Ambiguities observed in these texts can be classified into lexical ambiguity, metaphorical ambiguity, idiomatic ambiguity and pragmatic ambiguity. These ambiguities were found to obstruct hearers’ interpretation, to be utilized as sophisticated language strategies arousing fun and interest, and to play important roles in achieving the goals of texts. In order to understand effective communication strategies and to improve our abilities to use language, there should be continuous research on active language strategies reflecting creative expressions like ambiguity.