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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

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2010, Vol.31, No.

  • 1.

    An analysis of Double Nominative in Korean from the viewpoint of Information Structure

    두임림 | 2010, 31() | pp.1~22 | number of Cited : 6
    This study illustrates the information structure of double nominative constructions in Korean. In previous studies, the first NP of the constructions is usually called Topic or Focus. In this paper, however, I argue that there is no fixed information structure of double nominative constructions in Korean, except that class-member type, among the four types of double nominative constructions, has the fixed information structure. I also argue that the first NP in the double nominative constructions of class-member type is Topic, and the second NP is Focus. There are much evidence that can support my argument. First, the first NP of this type satisfies the condition of aboutness. Second, the first NP of class-member type of double nominative constructions does not fall in the scope of negation, which is one of the well-known properties of Topic. Third, the semantic relationship between the first and the second NP of this type matches with contrastive meaning of Focus. Fourth, It is well-known that in a sentence in which the subject is focus and the predicate is an individual-level one, the subject NP bears exhaustivity, which is the case of the second NP of class-member type. Fifth, whereas the first NP of this type can’t be transformed to clefted constituent of the cleft sentence, the second NP can. Sixth, the second NP can be represented with prominence while the first NP can’t. Last but not least, the first NP can’t be new information in question-answer pairs.
  • 2.

    A Semantic Analysis on Information Referential Expressions in Internet Communication

    Park, Keon-Sook | 2010, 31() | pp.23~50 | number of Cited : 2
    The goal of this paper is to analyze semantic characteristics of the information referential expressions (hereafter IRE) used in internet communication and to present a explicit property of the information on the internet. To undertake this study, the data were collected from the internet portals, Naver, Daum and Yahoo. The subject and rationale for this research are as follows: First, IRE consists of content and additional meanings. Second, additional meanings of IRE are popularity/ time/ emotion/ oneself expression and so on. Of these, popularity and time expression are used frequently. Third, I can present the property of the information on the internet through the additional meanings. For instance, the popular property of information is emphasized through popularity expression, [RECOMMENDATION], [RANKING], [FREQUENCY] and so on. The latest property of information is emphasized through time expression, [PRESENT], [NEWEST] and so on. The results of this study can be showed language expressions related to the information society.
  • 3.

    The structure and meaning of Korean ‘deul'-marked noun phrases

    Park, Chulwoo | 2010, 31() | pp.51~75 | number of Cited : 13
    The main concern of this paper is to look into what the match between the structure and meaning in ‘deul'-marked noun phrases in Korean is. While we basically follow the position that makes generalization about the meaning of ‘deul' phrases as ‘sum’, contrasting it with ‘group’ meaning of bare noun phrases, according to Link(1983), this paper also argues that the stages of generation is more important in interpreting the meaning of ‘deul'-marked phrases correctly. In this process ‘deul' functions as an individuator of a group. To show this, we discuss examples from three different types of noun phrases, namely collective noun phrases, material noun phrases, and noun phrases in generic sentences.
  • 4.

    A study on the improvement methods of grammar education contents using the study result of 'cognitive semantics'

    MYUNG SUN SHIN | 2010, 31() | pp.77~107 | number of Cited : 40
    This While, there are critical comments about the grammar education contents. This have reflected the results of linguistics in perspective of formalism and structuralism. Students turn one’s face away these grammar education contents in schools. For improvement of this situation, it is necessary to apply linguistics in perspective of pragmatics and functionalism. This study proposes the improvement of the grammar education contents using the study result of 'cognitive semantics'. Specially, we can understand the cognitive process and system operating in expressing process through cognitive semantics. So, this can reinforce the existing grammar education contents.
  • 5.

    Analyzing the text structure of explanatory texts

    Yang tye-young | 2010, 31() | pp.109~142 | number of Cited : 26
    The purpose of this research is to analyze the text-structure and marker of text structures to give information about the writing education for Korean language learners. A total 32,030 syllables from Korean-language textbooks for native students and 43 textbooks for foreign students are used for analyzing the text structures, which are divided into general explanatory texts and instructional explanatory texts. Furthermore, the divided explanatory texts are classified again as the micro-structure and top-level structure using texts linguistics. In the micro-structure, the markers of text-structure uniting semantic structure are categorized as enumeration, emphasis, transposition, causation, illustration-definition, contrast-comparison, and classification. In the top-level structure, there are four types of models, such as an isosceles trapezoid, a triangle, a diamond, a frame. In conclusion, I put the informations of these text-structures to use writing education for korean language learners.
  • 6.

    Discourse Metaphor

    Lee dong hyeok | 2010, 31() | pp.143~162 | number of Cited : 9
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the discourse metaphor is formed, and what the properties of the discourse metaphor are. In order to investigate them, some problems of conceptual metaphor theory (CMT) need to be raised. Namely, CMT has two major problems; first, CMT is not universal across discourse communities, second, even if CMT insists that linguistic metaphor is just an expression by conceptual metaphor, it may be wrong. It seems necessary to set up the notion of discourse metaphor so as to solve the afore mentioned problems of CMT. Discourse metaphor is a metaphorical projection functioning as discourse convention in a particular discourse community. Discourse metaphor, for example Jeonbotdae, has some distinctive properties. That is to say, discourse metaphor is lexically specific, is combined with a particular word, and the domain in which discourse metaphor is used is relatively fixed.
  • 7.

    A Study on an aspect of self-disclosure in couples communication

    Yi Yu-mi | 2010, 31() | pp.163~179 | number of Cited : 3
    The purpose of this study is to analyze a perception of self-disclosure and to consider an aspect of self-disclosure in couples communication. In this survey, a total of 5 questionnaire survey papers in 4 different types, with 69 questions were used. Based on this survey, we compared the phenomenon of self-disclosure between male and female and between couples. The study of perception of self-disclosure between male and female was already presented by Yi Yumi(2009), therefore this paper will be considered an aspect of self-disclosure in couples communication. If we sum up aspects of self-disclosure in couples, those are as following. First, men thought that listening personal story is an effective way to enhance in couple’s relationship. Secondly, male showed more strong tendency than female in that who is more listener-centered person in couples communication. Thirdly, women showed low satisfaction with the way the partner listen to their self-disclosure. Fourthly, women also showed low satisfaction with the quantity of the partner’s self-disclosure. Last but not least, both gender answered that the speaker should be express their self-disclosure to satisfy by themselves in the question about enough self-disclosure, but men put emphasis on the quantity of self-disclosure, while women put emphasis on the quality of self-disclosure in second largest answer.
  • 8.

    A Survey Study on Orthography of Signboard Language in Korean

    LeeJongyeol | 2010, 31() | pp.181~207 | number of Cited : 20
    The purpose of this study is to observe the language expressions in signboard, focusing on the orthography. In order to, we have surveyed each 2,564 stores of Dongseong-no areas in Deagu. The name of Signboard investigation areas such multifarious words as native Korean words, loan words. First, we analyzed the name of signboards are mixed and confused by native Korean words, sino-Chinese words, special letters, and borrowing words. Specially, the letter types of signboard are Hangeul, Chinese letter, Roman alphabet, and etc. Second, a great number of Korean consumers prefer native Korean words to loan words. Third, the number of incorrect orthography types of native Korean words is about 86; for example, 뽁음→볶음, 간난이→갓난이, 뚜꺼비→두꺼비, 회집→횟집, 불나비→부나비. And that the number of incorrect orthography types of borrowing words is about 134; for example, 까페→카페, 빠리바게트→파리바게트, 싸인→사인, 프라자→플라자, 에리트→엘리트, 훼밀리→패밀리, 센타→센터, .콜렉션→컬렉션, 악세사리→액세서리, 바디빌딩→보디빌딩, 스페샬→스페셜, 쥬스→주스, 포켙→포켓, 도너츠→도넛, 샷시→섀시.
  • 9.

    A study on effectiveness of Korean idioms education in cognitive semantics: focused on image-schematic metaphor

    Leejiyong , Jiyon Shim | 2010, 31() | pp.209~247 | number of Cited : 18
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effectiveness of Korean idioms education in cognitive semantics. Our study is based on the hypothesis that the method of image-schematic metaphor affects reasoning ability of idioms' meaning. The result of hypothesis testing represents that a percentage of correct answers of experiment group is a lot high. Also it was found out that if image-schema is provided explicitly, then a more effective improvement in reasoning ability could be made.
  • 10.

    A study on the process of interpreting Korean dependent-verbs based on simulation semantics

    정병철 | 2010, 31() | pp.249~282 | number of Cited : 9
    This study is aimed to develop a model which is able to explain the process of decoding Korean dependant verbs. Korean dependent verb has been a notoriously intriguing assignment for linguists, because it is characterized by fuzziness of meaning and grammatical category. Generative grammarians have assumed that dependent verb is a pure grammatical category which functions in autonomic way without meaning. But, from the view of Cognitive Linguistics this idea is seriously problematic. The foundation of Cognitive Grammar is that language is a symbolic structure which consists in the linkage of a semantic and a phonological structure. Simulation Semantics which is founded on the cognitive-neuroscience and experiential method also argues that there are no category without meaning. The irony is that despite the nature of generative grammar, many linguists have focused on the meaning of Korean dependent verbs. Consequently, there is seemingly no area of the subject that needs to be explained further besides some arguments over the membership problem of the category. But, that is not an essential matter but only a by-product of authentic analysis. In this study authenticity of analysis is supported by the psychological reality of Simulation Semantics, and the focus is shifted from the resultant meaning to the process of meaning interpretation. Conclusively, the Korean dependent verbs are adequately illustrated in detail by our simulation model, and this demonstrates the meaningfulness of Korean dependent verbs on the other hand.
  • 11.

    A Study of the nickname that was generated to the metonymy of functional activation

    정종수 | 2010, 31() | pp.283~315 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper is what I studied on nicknames generated to the metonymy which activated a function. In other words, it is to have studied a nickname to have made through the metonymy after a nickname producer paying attention to a function of a nickname owner. It is as follows to have disclosed while analyzing these nicknames. The first, after I analyzed a cognition process on the tool which I was already developed, I lighted up that I appeared so that a cognition process was various. That was able to show to single metonymy, compound metonymy, compound metaphor-metonymy, multi-step metonymy, multi-step metaphor-metonymy. The second, The metonymy is composed by expansion, reduction and equality. Here equality and reduction is given. The third, I experimented on a tool to be able to light up in a cognition process of a nickname. I was able to show in the process that metonymy and metaphor worked on at these tools. For examples, 'Banggwijaengi(A man junior high school, A man high school): 「A person」 that used to 「break wind」=(metonymy + -)=> Banggwi + -jaengi’. The forth, I classified a field to be activated from men to a form, a function, property, relation when a nickname producer made a nickname. It is a function to have treated at these papers, a physiology quotient, sensible emotional indication, delivery, an association, control, a shock, a movement of a possession, complicated activity including an a series of movement or act belongs to it to a function. The fifth, I revealed thing that there was a dead metonymy, as there was a dead metaphor.
  • 12.

    Being polite in interlanguage closings

    JeeWon Hahn | 2010, 31() | pp.317~342 | number of Cited : 3
    Bringing a conversation to a close is a face-threatening act according to Brown and Levinson’s (1987) politeness model, given that it does not meet the other’s positive face to continue the conversation. In such a face-conflicting situation, politeness strategies are assumed to be adopted within Brown and Levinson’s theory. The concern is to investigate how non-native speakers of English deal with such face-conflicting situations and how they learn politeness in the classroom. Findings on interlanguage closings reveal similarities and differences from two native languages, American English and Korean. Across different languages, four components are mainly adopted. Differences are found in the choice of politeness strategies. Furthermore, interlanguage politeness can be accounted for in terms of linguistic features such as modal verbs. As Schmidt (1993) suggested, pragmatic awareness does not naturally improve but need ‘noticing.’