Korean Semantics 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.92

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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

http://journal.kci.go.kr/semantics
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2016, Vol.51, No.

  • 1.

    Mental Space Theory and Proper Nouns

    Eun-Gyeong Yi | 2016, 51() | pp.1~20 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper aims at describing several phenomena related to the reference of proper nouns in terms of the mental space theory. Mental spaces are very partial assemblies constructed as we think and talk, for purposes of local understanding and action. They contain elements and are structured by frames and cognitive models. Mental spaces are connected to long-term schematic knowledge, and to long-term specific knowledge. Mental spaces are constructed and modified as thought and discourse unfolds and are connected to each other by various kinds of mappings, in particular identity and analogy mappings. Spaces are built up from many sources. There are various kinds of space-builders to construct various spaces. Elements which belong to the spaces which are introduced by space-builders can be identified by the identification principle. There are several sentences including proper nouns which have been described by the description theory or the reference theory for proper names and have been problematic to the two theories. However these sentences are successfully described in terms of the mental space theory.
  • 2.

    Measuring syntactic complexity in L2 Korean writings

    Nam Juyeon , Yanghee Kim , Youngjoo Kim | 2016, 51() | pp.21~56 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    This study examined various measure units to analyze syntactic complexity shown in Korean learners’ writings, and to figure out indexes to predict the proficiency. Complexity measured by conjunction and coordination showed no significant relation with proficiency; however, subordination showed significant relation with clauses, T-units, and sentences. Complexity measured by sentences showed higher correlation with the proficiency, verifying that sentences could substitute the role of T-units in measuring complexity of Korean writings. The measures by clause and subordinate clause showed significant correlation with every skill of proficiency. This study verified that the number of subordinate clauses per clauses, subordinate clauses per sentences, and clauses per sentences were the three most important indexes to measure complexity in L2 Korean writings.
  • 3.

    Semantic categories of the sentence for classifying adverbials

    KIM TAEIN | 2016, 51() | pp.57~83 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    This paper aims to identify semantic categories that compose a sentence or that a sentence can connote. At the same time, this criteria is intended to classify adverbials into small groups. In this paper, on classifying adverbials, sentence was considered as an information unit that had a compositional completedness. A sentence that had a compositional completedness can connote event, proposion, fact, or speech act according to various context. This means that sentential adverbials can be classified into speech act adverbial, evaluative adverbial, modal adverbial, temporal adverbial, and spatial adverbial according to the scope that each adverbial has scoped over. As for inner sentence, event can be devided into process and result. Then we could get to know that adverbials that scope over process are manner adverbial and adverbials that scope over result are resultative adverbial. Whether time and space features can be added distinguishes events from propositions. Propositions can be devided into modal-propositions(propostion) and factive-proposition(fact). Facts are propositions that have truth values, and propositions are propositions that still don’t have truth values. Finally, speech acts are the category that concentrates on only seech act character regardless of the contents that a sentence contains.
  • 4.

    On change of the terms of address between couples during the 70 years of post-colonization as reflected in mass media

    KOO HYUN JUNG | 2016, 51() | pp.85~110 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    This study aims at tracing the change of use patterns of the terms of address between couples in the course of the past seventy years. Historical sources reveal that the terms that were used from before the liberation from colonization in 1945 are yeonggam, manwula and imja. The terms of current use other than these three emerged and were popularized in the post-colonial period, and seem to have been profoundly affected by the fast change in the family system and the societal roles of women. The bi-directional terms of address that emerged in the post-colonial period are imja, yeobo and jagi; the husband-directed terms are yeonggam, X-appa (or X-abeoji), appa and oppa; and the wife-directed terms are manwula and X-eomma, in which ‘X’ signifies the name of a child. An analysis of the lexicalization patterns involved in creation of terms of address can be classified into three categories: person trope, transposed reference, and reification. The development of address terms exhibits a tension along the two major competing forces, i.e. power and solidarity. For instance, in the contemporary society, the address terms that were based on the notion of power in the traditional society, e.g. imja, yeonggam and manwula, all lost their currency. Also disappeared are yeobwayo, ibwayo, yeobwa, and ibwa, all blunt terms employed in calling the spouse to gain attention by directly giving an imperative of looking, i.e., bwa- ‘look’. The only surviving address term of this kind is the bi-directional yeobo, the use of which signals intimacy based on the notion of close distance in the term. In accordance with the societal change in the family system, i.e., from the extended to the nuclear family, the terms of address that were widely used in formal settings reflecting the then-dominant extended family system, such as X-halabeji, X-halmeoni, X-eomeoni, and X-abeoji also fell into disuse. The terms that came in to fill in the gap are: jagi in an intimate relationship, a term created through person trope; X-appa and X-eomma in more formal settings; oppa, created through transposed reference; and the addressee’s personal name, the use of which reflects spreading egalitarianism in the modern Korean society.
  • 5.

    The cognitive semantics study on metaphor used in economic text

    Jiyon Shim | 2016, 51() | pp.111~136 | number of Cited : 20
    Abstract PDF
    This study aims to analyze metaphors used in economic texts from the perspective of cognitive semantics, and the main focus is to investigate their underlying characteristics. Defining the analysis subject to include only economic texts broadcasted on radio in colloquial language, the study analyzes the characteristics by comparing the aspects of metaphors used in economic texts with others in different fields. First of all, it examines the similarities and differences between metaphoric aspects used in economic texts and those used in other texts of different areas, including science, athletics, and politics. As a result, metaphors used in colloquial economic texts show different metaphoric aspects, compared to those used in athletic and political texts. However, the analysis has also illustrated that, in terms of the expression and the purpose of use, there are a number of similarities between metaphoric characteristics used in economic texts and those used in scientific texts. Based on this finding, the study further analyzes metaphorical expressions used in colloquial economic texts by comparing them with those used in scientific texts in depth to see what metaphorical characteristics and effects they have when used in texts of these particular areas respectively. The result is the following: abstract concepts used by a particular profession and jargons were difficult for others to understand. However, as the difficult scientific and economic concepts are now frequently used by laypeople as well, it has recently become common to metaphorically describe them as more concrete and simpler concepts because people have already understood and acquired them. In light of this fact, it is easy to see that experimentalist theory conceived by G. Lakoff, which gave a rise to the field of cognitive semantics, has served the foundation of methods of metaphoric expressions described in scientific texts and economic texts. Scientific texts have made it possible to explain their complicated scientific concepts to the public by using metaphors since a long time ago. In fact, this same approach can be employed in (real-life) economics to explain specialized knowledge to readers(radio audience) as financial literacy has become common not only to experts, but also to the public. Furthermore, this method has been proven to be highly effective.
  • 6.

    A Study on “ - esilgeyo” under the use of the directives speech act: focusing on research - service circumstance

    parkmieun | 2016, 51() | pp.137~154 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to investigate “-esilgeyo”, used as the indirect directives speech act. The “-elge” semantic features is “the will of the speaker” with “hearer consideration”. “-elge” performs the function of a ‘commitment’ and ‘notification’ from the speech act. The syntactic constraint of “-esilgeyo” is solely combined with a 1st person subject as the connecting ending when its speaker expresses his(her) own intention or promise. However, under the view of the indirect directives speech act, the agent of “-esilgeyo” is its 2nd person hearer. To explain, a service situation could be defined as a fixed relationship: service provider and customer. When the clerk asks its customer certain actions, the paradigmatic relationship of direction and response will be reversed. Therefore, the speaker will feel too much pressure. “-esilgeyo” has two illocutionary effects on indirect speech acts. First, a directive behavior toward the hearer is conducted by the speaker instead of the hearer. Second, the speaker offers his(her) services as voluntary actions by using “-esilgeyo.” It means that “-esilgeyo” contains two meaning components: “hearer-consideration” and “intention of the speaker.” “-esilgeyo” used directives speech act specifies discourse situation and proposition. In addition, it is also interpreted as the indirect directives speech act because the roles of speaker and hearer are fixed. Under the fixed circumstance, speaker performs fixed-speech acts; thus, it highly seems to have fixed analysis possibility.