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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

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2016, Vol.54, No.

  • 1.

    A study of polysemy on connective ending ‘-어서(-eoseo)’

    PARK MINSIN | 2016, 54() | pp.1~31 | number of Cited : 9
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the polysemy of the connective ending '-어서(-eoseo)' in terms of cognitive linguistics. This corpus-driven study was conducted as the basis of sejong spoken corpus to understand the actual language usage patterns, and consequently ‘-어서(-eoseo)’, which has distinct four types of senses; ‘precedence’, ‘reason’, ‘background’, and ‘method’, and one indistinct sense ‘purpose’ is verified as polysemy. Moreover, it is confirmed that sense is not distinguished with clear boundary, but has continuous volumetric properties. ‘-eoseo’ has been extended into ‘reason’, ‘background’, and ‘method’ on ‘precedence’. As a result, this paper is understood the metonymy is act as a synchronization mechanism. Semantically, in this process, temporality is weakened gradually in semantically, and the syntactic constraint gradually eased.
  • 2.

    Anticausative Feature of ‘Passive-By itself’ Construction in Korean.

    Baek Joung-Hwoa | 2016, 54() | pp.33~60 | number of Cited : 5
    The aim of the study is to examine similarities and differences of the ‘passive-by itself’ construction that expressed ‘being damaged’ by spontaneous situation among several types of Korean passive construction and anticausative construction that mentioned in language typology, to get to know ‘passive-by itself’ construction has anticausative feature. Korean ‘passive-by itself’ construction has a lot in common morphologically․syntactically․semantically with anticausative construction of Indo-European, it unites in points that there is particularly no agent in sentence and it shows that event which happened spontaneously. Unlike anticausative construction ; however, cannot imply agent syntactically and semantically, there is able to ambiguous constructions that imply agent in Korean ‘passive-by itself’ construction. This study shows the reason why Korean ‘passive-by itself’ construction is expressed by passive verb and anticausative construction of Indo-European is expressed by reflexive. In addition, this study distinguished with ‘passive-by itself’ construction by applying ambiguous construction. There are a lot of ambiguous construction in Korean. When we make sentences that depend on context, we have to consider whether the agent should be places or not in order to subject constraint in connection with animacy hierarchy. Furthermore, referring to semantic map and semantic model of Hapelmath(1987), this study suggests meaning of Korean passive verb and Indo-European reflexive. While Indo-European reflexive has each meaning by sequential derivation, Korean passive verb shows phenomenon that meaning changed according to cause material each in a ’passive’ category.
  • 3.

    Development and direction of pragmatics in Korean language.

    Jo Kyungsun | 2016, 54() | pp.61~90 | number of Cited : 8
    This study is to investigate the trend of pragmatics in Korean language with concrete research findings. There were limitations in looking at all research results from pragmatic studies, but the study was to derive the characteristics of pragmatics study which were not dealt in the existing pragmatics study papers and was to address the trend of its study until recently since 2000. Pragmatics is an important area of research in exploring the pragmatic aspects of Korean language and being grafted and applied to various fields. In the early years pragmatics was introduced to Korean language study, it introduced the theory of foreign language's pragmatics or applied it into Korean language simply. However, various research methods of pragmatics have been introduced since the 1990s and the horizons of pragmatics in Korean language have been widened. Since the 2000s, traditional research areas of pragmatics have been composed of discourse analysis, speech acts, etc rather than implication, and are based on designing teaching. learning courses in language and Korean language education. Studies that the pragmatic research results have been reflected in the curriculum are in progress.
  • 4.

    A study on Korean mirative markers ‘-tani’.

    CHEN KUAN CHAO | 2016, 54() | pp.91~126 | number of Cited : 6
    The purpose of this study is to prove that the Korean fused final ending of quotations -tani is the mirative marker in Korean from the perspective of mirativity. First of all, the concept and the definition of mirativity are introduced and the category of mirativity is explored. The value of mirativity includes not only new information but also other values such as surprise. The range of mirativity is considered to be a prototype composed of many semantic features. The study analyzes the mirative features of –tani from 5 aspects. First, underspecified evidential is applied. Second, in terms of the co-occurrence of evidential markers, -tani can co-occur with direct evidential markers but it cannot co-occur with inferential evidential markers. Third, through the test of adverbials and discourse markers, it is observed that –tani is close to mirative prototypes or typical examples. Fourth, the usage of rhetorical questions of mirative markers is indicated. Fifth, the grammaticalization path of mirative markers and reported evidential makers is discussed.
  • 5.

    Names and Naming.

    CHOI SUNGHO | 2016, 54() | pp.127~150 | number of Cited : 9
    It is one of the major topics that straddle between linguistics and philosophy how to give an adequate semantic account of proper names. In this paper, I will examine one prominent attempt at such an account by Professor Jaeyeon Bak that, at first blush, looks to hold some promise. What I will first do is to reveal that Professor Bak’s criticism of the view that proper names have single unique referents stems from an unredeemable misunderstanding of the interplay between linguistic expressions and contexts of use. I will then turn to her own positive proposal about proper names and argue that it is wrong on two counts. First, the assumption that proper names are invariably introduced by ‘naming ceremonies’, which is one of the cornerstones of Professor Bak’s proposal, must go. Second, the proposal, when properly clarified, involves a conceptual self-contradiction as regards the social character of language. I do not believe that the failure of Professor Bak’s proposal is due to some minor oversights on her part. But I instead believe that this is a sign of its basic approach to proper names being off-base, which I hope to establish elsewhere.
  • 6.

    The Correlations of Information and Definiteness in Korean Noun Phrases.

    Choi, Jeong jin | 2016, 54() | pp.151~173 | number of Cited : 6
    There is no article system in Korean, so it is not easy to discern the definiteness of NP immediately. Nevertheless, the definiteness is discernible with correlations of other linguistic categories such like informational relations, topic/focus markers, and so on. Henceforth, it is needed to describe the relations between information structure and definiteness more accurately. In this paper, I described the correlations of information structures and definiteness in some types of sentences; categorical, thetic, defining, and cleft.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Aspects of Use of Korean Conjunctive adverbs by the Registers in Language.

    Han Hee-Jung , Han, Jeonghan | 2016, 54() | pp.175~202 | number of Cited : 10
    The purpose of this study is a grasp of correlation between registers and each conjunctive adverb by looking at the Aspects of use of Korean conjunctive adverbs by the registers. In order to contribute to this purpose, this paper examines the variation patterns of the 72 adverbs selected in this paper based on the seven use stations. Conjunctive marker’s role is connecting leading constituent and trailing constituent. This represents the relation of meaning and function. The conjunctive marker in Korean language can be classified into conjunctive postposition, connective ending, conjunctive adverb depending on targets for connecting and condition of use. Of these, the conjunctive adverb is the object of this study because it is the conjunctive marker which has the features implemented on the range from word to discourse. The aspects of using conjunctive adverb was examined in all of them appointed on present materials depending on registers subdividing the spoken and written materials in this study. The register is classified into seven areas, including pure spoken word, semi spoken word, newspaper, magazine, book(imaginative text), book(informative text), book(all kinds of data collection). It is possible to identify the conjunctive adverbs for each register. This study presented the concrete appearance frequency of the conjunctive adverbs and the distribution through converting frequency to percentage. Further it is presented the appearance rate of the top 10 objects to graph for recognizing the difference in the aspects of using conjunctive adverb at a glance. As such, this study was trying to do more objectively comparative analysis the aspects of using conjunctive adverb depending on registers by measuring quantitatively.
  • 8.

    Characteristics of expression based on a proverb.

    Kim Hey ryoung | 2016, 54() | pp.203~229 | number of Cited : 13
    This paper shows that there are expressions based on proverbs. Semantic characteristics of proverbs are metaphoric, satiric and instructive. This is, because of proverbs are to function as a lexeme. An expressions based on a proverb has an intimate relationship formally and semantically with the proverb. Expressions based on proverbs are classified as; One is a expression that uses words in a proverb, the other is a expression that does not use words in a proverb. The fixedness of proverb has been weakened, then proper parts are divided. The divided parts are expressions based on proverbs. The independence of expressions based on a proverbs is strengthened by inference of similarity. Expressions based on proverbs has a metaphoric characteristic, not satiric and instructive characteristic.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Semantic Description of Conjunctive Ending ‘-Jiman’ Based on the Analysis of KFL materials.

    Park KiSeon | 2016, 54() | pp.231~258 | number of Cited : 1
    This study tries to propose the semantic description of conjunctive ending ‘-Jiman’ based on the analysis of KFL materials. For this purpose, preceding studies on the meaning of ‘-Jiman’ were considered in this study. And Korean dictionary, Korean textbook and Guide Book on the Korean Grammar for KFL teachers were analyzed. Through this, a lot of cases were confirmed which are used in concessive meaning among the using example of ‘-Jiman’ which had been described as a contrary meaning in the preceding studies in general. In addition, it was confirmed that ‘-Jiman’ is used in the meaning of politeness, addition, or precondition too. Therefore, the contents of teaching & learning Korean for ‘-Jiman’ should be composed according to the meaning of ‘-Jiman’ and be distinguished into [contrary], [concession], [politeness], [addition] and [precondition]. As this results, the example sentence of ‘-Jiman’ corresponding to each meaning should be selected and presented.