Korean Semantics 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.92

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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

http://journal.kci.go.kr/semantics
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2017, Vol.56, No.

  • 1.

    A Comparative Study of the Meanings of Intention Expressions in Korean: Focused on -gess-, -eulgeosi-, -eulge(yo), -eulrae(yo)

    Jang Chae Rin | 2017, 56() | pp.1~34 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    The Purpose of This Study is to Clarify the Difference between the Expressions of Intention, which are ‘-겠-’, ‘-을 것이-’, ‘-을게(요)’, ‘-을래(요)’. To achieve this purpose, this study critically reviewed preceding literatures on the modality and intention expressions, and several Korean grammar books. Through this process, this study revealed how to tell the difference among those expressions in terms of modal meanings. First, four forms can be divided into ‘-을 것이-’ and the rest three forms by asking this question: Is the contents of the sentence (the future action) what is decided on the moment of speaking or before the speaking?. The forms, ‘-겠-’, ‘-을게(요)’, ‘-을래(요)’ are used when the speaking time and the resolution time is identified, otherwise ‘-을 것이다’ would be chosen. Secondly, if the speaker recognizes or cares the listener’s wish or intention, they would use ‘-을게(요)’, ‘-을래(요)’, but if it is not so, s/he would use ‘-겠-’ which is unmarked form regarding to it. Thirdly, if the speaker says his/her own will, accepting the wish or intention of the listener, s/he would use ‘-을게(요)’, otherwise ‘-을래(요)’ would be used. Since this study simplifies the differences among those forms, the better description of the meaning for those expressions of intention could be provided in the field of Korean education.
  • 2.

    A Study of Meaning Extension of Korean Verb Sotdda based on Embodiment

    Lim Tae-sung | 2017, 56() | pp.35~55 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This study investigates the meaning extension of Korean verb ‘sotdda’. A meaning is based on embodiment, ‘embodied meaning’ conceptualizes as our experiences. The meaning extension is systematic by mechanisms of ‘Conceptual Metonymy’, ‘Conceptual Metaphor’, and ‘Fictive motion’. ‘Sotdda’ is the verb to imply directionality and to represent the change of state. ‘Sotdda’ extends from physical object to abstract object. Firstly, ‘sotdda’ extends to internally or externally bodily change like blood, chest, tooth, freckle, and lumbar etc. In this case, ‘sotdda’ is focusing an ending point by ‘Conceptual Metonymy’. Secondly, ‘sotdda’ extends fictively. In this case, ‘sotdda’ describes non-moving entity as moving entity like rock, mountain, hill, flower, building, bat, tower etc. Finally, ‘sotdda’ extends abstract object by ‘Conceptual Metaphor’. The directionality of ‘sotdda’ extends to positive or negative emotion. The positive emotion of ‘sotdda’ is of relevance to internal energy or external popularity. The negative emotion of ‘sotdda’ is of relevance to internal energy or external stimulation. And ‘sotdda’ extends to a solution in the idiomatic expression involving directionality. The extension of size is an external realization and value like history and gold. And ‘sotdda’ extends to an entity's awareness like the deceased. This study presents that the meaning extension of ‘sotdda’ is systematic in embodiment.
  • 3.

    Syntactic-Semantic Composition Types of [V1+e+V2{cwu-ta}]: The Arguments Shared Constructions of V1 with V2

    Hyojin Kim | 2017, 56() | pp.57~88 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    When the argument and event structure of V1 and V2 are composed, they must share a Subject(Agent) argument. So it is mainly concerned about how their theme and location arguments are composed. The composition type falls into 5 types. Type I is the composition type of both verbs which take the Goal argument ‘egye’ and identical subevents. Type II is the case that the Goal arguments and subevents of V1 and V2 have relation in ‘part-whole’. Then the subevent of ‘part’ integrates into the subevent of ‘whole’. Type III is the composition type that V1 and V2 share their Theme argument and a Goal argument can be introduced in the construction of [V1+e+V2{cwu-ta}] by V2 ‘cwu-ta’. Type IV is only the composition type for event structure, which is the event resulted from the action of V1 is embedded in theme argument(y) of the event structure of V2. Finally, Type V is the case that the argument structure of V1 is maintained even though it is combined with V2 ‘cwu-ta’. It is found correspondence between these argument and event composition types. Furthermore, it can be certified correlation between syntactic-semantic structures based on these composition types.
  • 4.

    Digital Data and the Variety of Semantic Research Methodology

    KIM, ILHWAN | 2017, 56() | pp.89~109 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to introduce the present state of digital data used for semantic research in the digital age represented by Big Data, Digital Humanities, and the Fourth Industrial Revolution, as well as to suggest a new method of research based on this information. This new method adds another dimension to semantic research by introducing the process of extracting and analyzing contextual synonyms based on vector similarity and utilizing large-scale data from newspapers. This study also focuses on discussions regarding the construction and analysis methods of word co-occurrence networks using the time series approach in order to investigate the development of words’ meanings. As a result of this study the new discovery of contextual synonyms obtained through the comparison and measurement of similarity amongst word co-occurrences, as well as their meanings, were revealed. Through the time series approach for word co-occurrence networks of the words ‘coffee shop’ and ‘café’, the process by which the meaning of these two words changed was analyzed. This study is meaningful in that proposes a new methodology of semantic research targeted on large-scale data.
  • 5.

    The Multiple ‘eul/leul’ Phrases related to Collocation

    Choe, Hyeong-Gang | 2017, 56() | pp.111~133 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    The goal of this paper is to check the different meanings and functions of ‘eul/leul’ in the multiple ‘eul/leul’ constructions. If ‘eul/leul’ is replaced by ‘ui’, the prepositioned ‘eul/leul’ phrase is the result of topicalization. Specially ‘ui’ phrase is related to noun in collocation and ‘ui’ phrase is also related to the transitivity of predicative noun. But the irreplaceable prepositioned ‘eul/leul’ phrase is considered as the objective phrase of different level. If the prepositioned ‘eul/leul’ phrase can't admit the substitution for ‘ui’ phrase, such ‘eul/leul’ phrase may be considered as objective phrase. The postpositioned ‘eul/leul’ phrase and verb construct collocation. As the verb is a transitive verb, then the postpositioned ‘eul/leul’ phrase is surely an objective phrase.
  • 6.

    A Corpus Linguistic Approach to the Study of Korean Negation Construction

    Nam, Kilim | 2017, 56() | pp.135~159 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract PDF
    The objective of this study is twofold. First, it aims to investigate the extent to which Korean negation is used in written, spoken corpus and online product review corpus by contrast of affirmation. Second, it examines the co-relationship between the meta-function of negation and communicative purpose of each register. There have been few quantitative studies of Korean negation even though many studies have been performed from the perspective of syntax and semantics. This study analyses Korean negation forms in the level of clause unit and examines the function of negation according to registers. The results are summarized as follows: 1) The proportion of Korean negation is realized as the order of spoken corpus>written corpus>productive reviews. 2) ‘An’ negations are much more frequently used in all registers than ‘mos’ negation. 3) There seems to be strong correlation between the frequencies of negation types and communicative functions of registers.
  • 7.

    Lexicology and Pragmatics of Depreciatory Abbreviations in Korean

    Park Jaeyon | 2017, 56() | pp.161~188 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    The aims of this paper are to analyse the lexical and pragmatic properties of some new abbreviated words, and to insist that they perform verbal abuse to specific targets just by their existences. I especially focus the new depreciatory words like ‘anyeodwae, jigyunchung, jijapdae etc.’ I discuss that depreciatory words should be polysemous or monosemous, non-intentional or intentional, and definite or generic. According to this analysis, I insist ‘anyeodwae, jigyunchung, jijapdae etc.’ should have the properties of monosemous, intentional and generic depreciatory words. In addition, they have a unique property that they have no normal counterparts. Though the grammatical status of ‘anyeodwae, jigyunchung, jijapdae’ is ‘word’, they entail the propositional meaning and perform a kind of speech act. However, they are different from other performative words such as satirical words or words for political correctness, in that they perform unfair or harmful assertion. I insist that they perform more serious verbal abuse than other depreciatory words or insulting sentences. They generate new categories only for insulting and they are stored and spreaded because they are ‘words’ and not ‘sentences’. They can provide their users with the pleasure of puzzle-solving, and this can conceal their violence.