Korean Semantics 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.92

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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

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2018, Vol.61, No.

  • 1.

    Reliability Analysis of Korean Language Learners’ Writing Assessment: Using Many-Facet Rasch Model

    김수현 , Youngjoo Kim | 2018, 61() | pp.1~31 | number of Cited : 3
    This paper evaluated L2 Korean language learners’ writing assessment results by subjective, holistic, and analytic scale and analyzed the reliability of the results by using Many-Facet Rasch Model. Holistic scale is created for Korean language writing assessment based on TWE, whereas analytic scale used TOPIK writing section scoring criteria. 50 intermediate-level Korean language learners performed writing assessment with their memory after watching a video, and 5 Korean language teachers with at least 3 years of experience as professors evaluated the results. The aspects for many-facet Rasch Model analysis are comprised of test-taker, test-scorer, and scoring scales. The results showed that test-scorers’ strictness is different from each other’s, and scoring scales are all appropriately composed to function satisfactorily as a scale. The qualitative level of scoring based on analytic scale, including reliability and appropriateness, proved to be the highest among all aspects, and subjective scoring proved to be the lowest.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Cause of Non-Stabilization of New Word - Focused on New Word of 2008

    Seo, Hye-jin | 2018, 61() | pp.33~53 | number of Cited : 7
    The purpose of this study is to determine the cause of the non-stabilization of a new word. We used 475 new words made in 2008, which was collected by the National Institute of Korean Language. We found that about 60% of the new words created in 2008 were non-stabilized. We divided the cause of the non-stabilization of the new word into internal and external aspects. The first of the internal cause relates to the prevalence of suffixes. We found that according to the trend of suffixes, new words are stabilization and non-stabilization. The second of the internal causes are related to homonym. Among the two homonym words, the highest frequency is stabilized. Next, the first of the external causes is the failure of refining words. Refining words did not properly reflect what people were trying to say. Therefore, People did not use refining words, which made the refining word non-stabilizing. The second of the external cause is related to the timeliness of the new word. We have found that a new word with timeliness is non-stabilization.
  • 3.

    Introduction to Metaphor Database Construction

    Wonyoung Doh , Kim Hey ryoung , Choi, Kyeong-bong and 1 other persons | 2018, 61() | pp.55~79 | number of Cited : 12
    Abstract PDF
    This paper describes the necessity of metaphor database construction and discusses the nature of metaphor database and how to construct it. The metaphorical database is a large-scale database of metaphoric expressions. The metaphor database collects a wide variety of language expressions containing metaphorical thinking. The collected metaphor expresses the source area and the target area first, sets a keyword that covers the subject area and the source area covering the target area, and presents the examples and the sources of the metaphor expression in actual use. The metaphor database thus constructed is not only a base for understanding the expression of Korean metaphor, but also a production data that can express metaphors. At the educational level, it can be used both as comprehension and metaphor for Korean metaphor.
  • 4.

    A study on the Variant Entries in Dictionary of Korean Sign Language

    Ki-hyun Nam | 2018, 61() | pp.81~103 | number of Cited : 2
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the processing of the variant entries in the Korean Sign Language(KSL) dictionary. First, we examined the problem of standardization which has been overlooked variants in the KSL dictionary. Second, it was confirmed that the main resources for the selection of entries in the KSL dictionary were Korean related literatures. Third, the method of processing the variant entries in the foreign sign language dictionary was compared. Fourth, the validity of the lemmatisation principle was confirmed by applying the phonetic and phonological criteria in the KSL vocabularies. Finally, we discussed the direction for processing the variant entries in the compilation of the KSL dictionary.
  • 5.

    The Study on the Functions of the Aspectual Marker ‘-ko iss-’ and ‘-a iss-’ in󰡒The Vegetarian󰡓Written by HanKang and Translated by D. Smith

    Cheonhak Kim , 안혜정 | 2018, 61() | pp.105~132 | number of Cited : 3
    This paper aims to examine how the Korean aspectual markers ‘-ko iss-’ and ‘-e iss-’ in “The Vegetarian” by Han Kang are translated into English by D. Smith. First of all, the Korean verb ‘alta’ is naturally used in a progressive form combined with ‘-ko iss-’, while the equivalent English verb ‘know’ cannot be used in a progressive form. Because of these differences, when the Korean verb ‘alta’ is expressed in the progressive form, several English verbs such as ‘be aware’, ‘be convinced’, ‘recognize’, ‘grasp’ and ‘know’ are used and the progressive meaning is marked with tenses such as the past, present perfect and continuous tenses. Secondly, while the ‘-ko iss-’ can indicate both the progressive and stative meanings in Korean, in Smith’s text, most of the ‘-ko iss-’ verbs are reduced and used only in the progressive form whether they indicate states or progressive meanings. Thirdly, most of the results marking expressions using ‘-e iss-’ are compensated by adjectives in the D. Smith text. Finally, in Smith’s text, the posture verbs joined with the ‘-e iss-’ aspectual marker are expressed in a progressive form. In addition, present perfect and present perfect progressive tenses are used with posture verbs to indicate the relationship between the event time and the speech time. The findings of the present study suggest that the Korean aspectual markers ‘-ko iss-’ and ‘-e iss-’ require complicated and detailed techniques to convey their meaning in the English language.
  • 6.

    A Research of the Occurrence and Non-occurrence of ‘i/ka’ Regarding the Korean Educational Method of Spoken Languages for Korean Language Learners

    O seon yeong | 2018, 61() | pp.133~167 | number of Cited : 8
    The objective of this research is to propose a new method of marker education through the use of spoken languages by analyzing the occurrence and non-occurrence of the markers i/ka in learner error corpus and spoken language corpus. Maintaining the position that Korean language education for foreigners requires spoken language education, this research focuses on the aspects that are realized in spoken language education and their related problems. This research emphasizes that a clear differentiation is required in phenomena where markers do not appear, and that education on markers must be conducted on these grounds. The phenomena in which markers fail to appear include ‘those that do not need markers(ellipsis),’ ‘markers that have been left out(omission),’ and ‘those that have different meanings depending on whether markers are inserted or deleted(occurrence and non-occurrence). This research first reviews what errors learners of the Korean language make regarding i/ka through methods of learner error corpus, and identifies complementary measures to aid learners studying markers in the Korean language. In addition, this research analyzes the Korean spoken language corpus and identifies how native speakers of the Korean language use i/ka. It identifies situations where the markers are used in normal everyday life, the form of use and the meanings they portray. This research focuses primarily on: the occurrence and non-occurrence of the markers i/ka and identifies if this has significant meaning; the methods on how to provide spoken language education of the meaning and function of i/ka; and proposing a direction for marker education that reflects the nature of the Korean spoken language.
  • 7.

    A Reconsideration in terms of Orientation in Korean Sign Language

    Lee, Youngjae | 2018, 61() | pp.169~195 | number of Cited : 1
    It has been over 35 years since Kim Seung-guk (1983) introduced the results of the study, which KSL is language, approaching from the point of view of language. In case of ASL, it has been already over 58 years since Stokoe (1960) published the linguistic results. Likewise in many other countries, there have been many results of studying the language of the native sign language which means each country has each sign language used among the Deaf. In spite of such studying, even signs phonological study seems to be still in its infancy that means it needs more and more studying. This study is about sign phonology, and parameters of the sign phonological units. The sign parameters are the basic unit of the Sign Language. The phonological parameters of signs are gathered and becomes a sign word what the phonemes are gathered and becomes syllables. There vary the theories and opinions of the phonological parameters of signs depending on scholars. All scholars agree on the necessary phonological parameters of signs that is constituted Handshape, Movement, and Location. However, there are also different theories and opinions whether Orientation and Non-manual signals(facial expression) are classified as the main parameters of signs‘s category. Here, I’m about to discuss Orientation. In chapter 3, there explaines how Orientation plays a distinctive role in a construction of word of sign language while summarizing previous researches regarding of the domestic and overseas on the phonological parameters of signs. In chapter 4, As presenting Orientation that are not distinctive, I explain the role of Orientation and the antonym role of Orientation in the agreement verbs and show that the meaning is unchangeable although Orientation is opposite each other when the dominant hand and non-dominant hand can be frequently changeable on the site of speech and they are changed. I state there are some aspects that the concept of minimum pair, which makes a great contribution to the phonological analysis in spoken linguistics, is not helpful on the research of Orientation. Also I bring up the necessity of introducing a new explanatory model that can explain the characteristics of sign language rather than the concept of minimum pair.
  • 8.

    Guidelines for Learning Contents and Methods Involved in the Learning Stages of Korean Politeness with a View on Pragmatic Education

    Keumhyun Moon | 2018, 61() | pp.197~229 | number of Cited : 3
    Taking notice of politeness, which is central to Korean pragmatic education, this paper suggested the educational contents of politeness pragmatic expressions according to learning levels, and discussed about specific learning methods. This was based on findings from the analysis Korean textbooks, a questionnaire survey of teachers and learners, and the analysis of the learners’ errors. First, at the beginning level, pragmatic education about basic request and refusal expressions and education about hedges as well as education about grammatical honorifics should be conducted. At the intermediate level, pragmatic education about general address terms derived from titles of authority and kinship terminologies, the politeness of suggestive form ‘-haeyo’ style as well as the aspects of politeness displayed at non-pragmatic levels and the definite perception on the concept of politeness should be conducted. In the learning, it is required to compare differences between a case where a request or a refusal expression is made directly and a case where a request or a refusal expression is made indirectly and politely, and to compare step-wise differences of request and refusal expressions that exist according to the degrees of politeness. At the advanced level, education about a high level of honorific vocabulary or pragmatically polite extraordinary expressions should be carried out. As for methods for politeness pragmatic education, it can be suggested that the pragmatic generative mechanisms of polite expressions(differences between honor and politeness, between absolute politeness and relative politeness, between formal politeness and informal politeness, the important role of hedges) should be recognized, and that education about linkages between non-pragmatic levels(grammar, vocabulary) and the pragmatic level, and the linkage between pragmatic education and politeness pragmatic education should be conducted.