Korean Semantics 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.92

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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

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2021, Vol.72, No.

  • 1.

    A study on the mental system of lexical meaning : Based on cross review of the neurological research

    Choong Yeun Oh | 2021, 72() | pp.1~29 | number of Cited : 0
    This study is about the mental system in which lexical meaning exists as a neuro-psychological unit. As two opposing viewpoints on lexical meaning, Jackendoff(2002) argues that a concept is formed by basic functional qualities that exist in humans, and Fodor(1998) argues that concepts are recognized by inferential systems of information. In this paper, it was reviewed which approach is advantageous based on recent linguistic neurological studies. The neurological studies reviewed in this study are ‘semantic deficits’ and ‘self-queuing strategies’ by category in aphasia patients, common areas of neural activation for various practical meanings, global neurological activation patterns of sensory concepts in visually impaired patients, and specificity of mild cognitive impairment. Through the cross review of these neurological studies, it was considered that although lexical meaning develops from sensory information to abstract conceptual information. This study supported Fodor’s theory that the way in which concepts as lexical level are positioned in mental systems by connected inference between words rather than combinations of sub-semantic elements.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Acceptance of meaning change theory and new perspectives

    Shin Jung-Jin | 2021, 72() | pp.31~57 | number of Cited : 2
    The acceptance of the theory of meaning change in our country comes down to Ullmann(1962). In this book, as a ‘comment’ of meaning change, Meillet cited “discontinuity, vagueness, and loss of flexibility”. Ullmann also added “variability by polysemy, ambiguous contexts, and an infinite set of lexical structures”. More “relationship between words, culture” could be added to this. There are also six reasons for meaning change. They are “language causes, historical causes, social causes, psychological factors, foreign language influences, and the need for a new name”. From a modern perspective, new causes will also be added due to the influence of communication environment, communication means, and the dailyization of non-face-to-face communication. Meanwhile, “the property of meaning change” was also proposed as a methodology. It was noteworthy here that two or more properties often change in meaning in four properties as they are complexly involved. More factors, causes, and properties can be added to the meaning change. In addition, in a future society where the language environment will be distinctly different from the present, there may be other important factors, causes, and properties of meaning changes. In addition, even in “The Consequences of Meaning Change”, <Change in Scope> may include ‘magnification, reduction’ not only the ‘meaning category of the monosemy’ but also the ‘meaning category of the polysemy’. If we look at “Change in Evaluation” from a slightly different perspective, a new perspective arises. From the perspective of ‘near diachronic’ and synchronic points, we can find not only the types of improvement and depravity of meaning, but also the phenomenon in which the original meaning and the improvement or depravity coexist parallel.
  • 3.

    Usage and grammatical functions of Korean nominal ending ‘-(으)ㅁ’ in computer-mediated communication

    Jin Hyun-Je , Kim Eunho | 2021, 72() | pp.59~87 | number of Cited : 1
    The purpose of this study is to understand how nominal ending ‘-(으)ㅁ’ ends sentences and examine its grammatical function in computer-mediated communication. The use of ‘-(으)ㅁ’ as a way of terminate sentences continues to expand in computer-mediated communication. Focusing on this point, through a questionnaire survey, this study investigated the use of the nominal ending ‘-(으)ㅁ’ in various contexts and identified the cause of the use of the expression. As a result of the survey, it was found that the frequency and range of use of the noun-type termination is gradually expanding. As the reasons for use, economicality, equality, and speech planet were suggested. In addition, based on the survey results, this study analyzed the use of nominal ending ‘-(으)ㅁ’ within various grammar categories such as tense, aspects, and mood. As a result, the ‘-(으)ㅁ’ ending can express both the tense and the aspect without the accompanying pre-final ending combining it with auxiliary verbs. Also, ‘-(으)ㅁ’ can be used to express declarative and interroagative, and ‘-셈’ can be used to express propositive and imperative. This study is meaningful in that it examined the perceptions of users about the ending of ‘-(으)ㅁ’ including the change of perception over the past 4 years, and discussed the grammatical characteristics in a more detailed level.
  • 4.

    Type and Function of Shell Nouns

    parkmieun | 2021, 72() | pp.89~122 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract PDF
    In this study, we classify the types of shell nouns and examine their usage patterns. To this end, we reveal the concepts and properties of quoted nouns and their phrases, and list the range of shell nouns from typical to nontypical. A typical shell noun belongs to the meaning area of utterance or reason, and takes the citation clause as a substitute. Quasi-quoted nouns do not have an area of meaning for utterance or reason. We believe that dependent nouns, indicative pronouns, and ‘것’ nominalization constructions have no specific lexical meaning, but can be included in non-typical shell nouns because they share the property of taking citations as interpolation. Shell nouns objectify the cited clause and make it easy to categorize. The lexical noun categorizes the citation clause, indicating the speaker’s attitude. The dependent noun indicates that the derivative is similar to the derivative clause. The indicative pronoun ‘이것’ indicates that the content of the citation clause is a reinterpretation of the original utterance by the speaker.
  • 5.

    Form and Meaning of ‘~igo ~igo’ Construction

    Paik Innyoung | 2021, 72() | pp.123~147 | number of Cited : 1
    This paper shows that, in Korean, there are coordination constructions which is not explainable in terms of the semantics of the simple combination of coordinator and coordinands. I argue that to explain these coordination constructions, for example, [A-‘igo’ B-‘igo’], we have to consider them as a “construction”, an independent symbol which has its own directly associated pair of a form and a meaning. Through the article, not only the construction [A-‘igo’ B-‘igo’], also constructions like [A-‘igo’ B-‘igo’ {universal quantifiers}], [A-‘igo’ {interrogatives}-‘igo’], [{interrogatives}-‘igo’] are treated. It seems that they express the free choice meaning, and have identity implication as a whole. Furthermore, from these meanings, the [-‘igo’ -‘igo’] constructions is used to introduce in discourse an category in which its members share a particular identity and to induce universal interpretation of this alternative set. These observations are built on the usage-based approach, the corpus-based research.
  • 6.

    An Opposition System of Korean Demonstratives - A Close Examination of Time Demonstratives -

    Kim Sangmin | 2021, 72() | pp.149~175 | number of Cited : 1
    This study aims to establish the entire system of Korean demonstratives, focusing on time demonstratives. Until now, research on the system of Korean demonstratives has mainly been focused on spatial demonstratives. As a result, it has been concluded that ‘i(이)’ functions as a ‘speaker near indicate’, ‘geu(그)’ as a ‘addressee near indicate’, and ‘jeo(저)’ as a ‘speaker·addressee far indicate.’ However, this system is only fit for the use of spatial demonstratives and fails to properly explain the uses of other demonstratives. In Chapter 3, this paper clarifies that in the case of time demonstratives, deictic projection occurs in the ‘axis of time’ rather than in the ‘axis of person.’ Thus, it is understood that time demonstratives can be categorized into an opposition system of ‘i(이)’ as a ‘speech time near indicate,’ ‘geu(그)’ as an ‘event time near indicate’, and ‘jeo(저)’ as a ‘speech time far indicate.’ In Chapter 4, I simplify this opposition system of time demonstratives into ‘i(이)-deictic axis near indicate’, ‘geu(그)-projected deictic axis near indicate’, and ‘jeo(저)-deictic axis far indicate’. I argue that this new opposition system of demonstratives is able to properly explain the usage of all kinds of demonstratives.
  • 7.

    A Study on the Fictivity in Describing Natural Phenomena

    Lim Tae-sung | 2021, 72() | pp.177~197 | number of Cited : 1
    This study examines the perception of fictivity describing natural phenomena in Korean verbs. These types of fictivity are grouped into subclasses such as radiation, orientation, and sensation; and the fictivity is construed as the reference point. The results are as follow: First, radiation refers to the emanation of light, that is, what the conceptualizer perceives as moving away from the energy source. It is conceptualized with the verbs like ‘to pour out’ and ‘to cover’. The radiation is perceived as top-bottom direction through the expression of each verb and progressive aspect. Second, orientation refers to what the conceptualizer perceives as moving an object in space. It is conceptualized with verbs such as ‘to hang’, ‘to rise’, ‘to surround’, ‘to float’, and ‘to cover’ with path marker such as ‘-ey’, ‘-lo’, ‘-ul’, and ‘-wa’. The orientation is perceived as horizontally. Third, sensation refers to the integration of senses; and the perception of motion is selectively with the properties of each verb. For example, ‘to cover’ is associated with radiation, and the remaining verbs in motion perception are associated with orientation along with the path marker. The sensation represents a more complex cognitive process than radiation and orientation, as the conceptualizer integrates the senses to perceive motion.
  • 8.

    Current Status and Development Direction of Korean Sign Language Dictionary

    Lee hyunhwa | 2021, 72() | pp.199~223 | number of Cited : 2
    Lee Hyunhwa, 2021. Current Status and Development Direction of Korean Sign Language Dictionary. Korean Semantics, 72. The purpose of this paper is to examine the current compilation of sign language dictionaries in Korea and to introduce the direction of their development. In order to do so, I describe the necessity of a new compiled Korean Sign Language Dictionary in the Introduction. In Chapter 2, I examine the compilation method of sign language dictionaries in Korea and of sign language dictionaries in Denmark and Australia. I will analyze and present the structure of these dictionaries and deal with the problem of sign language standardization, which is one of the main motive to compile dictionaries. Chapter 3 deals with issues to be considered when compiling a sign language dictionary. In Chapter 4, I describe the structure of a new Korean Sign Language Dictionary based on the problems of the current Korean Sign Language Dictionary, the user’s needs and the available resources. Finally, in Chapter 5, I discuss in what direction the new Korean Sign Language Dictionary will go.